Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30184
Fiber Microstructure in Solanum Found in Thailand

Authors: Aree Thongpukdee, Chockpisit Thepsithar, Sujitra Timchookul


The study aimed to investigate characteristics of vegetative tissue for taxonomic purpose and possibly trend of waste application in industry. Stems and branches of 15 species in Solanum found in Thailand were prepared for fiber and examined by light microscopy. Microstructural characteristic data of fiber i.e. fiber length and width, fiber lumen diameter and fiber cell wall thickness were recorded. The longest average fiber cell length (>3.9 mm.) were obtained in S. lycopersicum L. and S. tuberosum L. Fiber cells from S. lycopersicum also revealed the widest average diameter of whole cell and its lumen at >45.5 μm and >29 μm respectively. However fiber cells with thickest wall of > 9.6 μm were belonged to the ornamental tree species, S. wrightii Benth. The results showed that the slenderness ratio, Runkel ratio, and flexibility coefficient, with potentially suitable for feedstock in paper industry fell in 4 exotic species, i.e. Solanumamericanum L., S. lycopersicum, S. seaforthianum Andr., and S. tuberosum L

Keywords: Fiber, microstructure, Solanaceae, Solanum.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1288


[1] W. G. D’Arcy, “The Solanaceae since 1976, with a review of its biogeography,”inSolanaceae III: Taxonomy, chemistry, evolution,J.G. Hawkes, R.N. Lester, M. Nee and R. Estrada, Eds.Kent: WhitstableLitho, 1991,pp. 1-8.
[2] J. G.Hawkes,“The economic importance of the family Solanaceae,” in Solanaceae IV: Advances in Biology and Utilization, M. Nee, D. E. Symon, R.N. Lester, and J. P. Jessop,Eds.Kent: WhitstableLitho, 1999, pp. 75-137.
[3] J.F. Ma, G.H. Yang, J.Z Mao and F. Xu,“Characterization of anatomy, ultrastructure and lignin microdistribution in Forsythia suspensa.” Ind. Crops Prod., vol. 33, pp. 358–363, 2011.
[4] R.A. Horn andV.C. Setterholm, “Fiber morphology and new crops,” inAdvances in New Crops, J. Janick and J.E. Simon Eds., Portland: Timber Press, 1990,pp. 270-275.
[5] S.N. Sakia, F. Goswami, and T. Ali, “Evaluation of pulp and paper making characteristics of certain fast growing plants.” Wood Sci. Technol., vol. 31, pp. 467-475, 1997.
[6] C.I. Ogbonnaya, H. Roy-Macauley, M.C. Nwalozie and D.J.M. Annerose. “Physical and histochemical properties of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinusL.)grownunderwaterdeficit on a sandy soil.” Ind. Crops Prod., vol. 7, pp. 9-18, 1997.
[7] G.A. Smook,Handbook for Pulp and Paper Technologists. Vancouver:Angus Wilde Publications, 1997.
[8] L. Bohs, R.G. Olmstead, “Solanum phylogeny inferred from chloroplast DNA sequence data,” in Solanaceae IV: Advances in Biology and Utilization, M. Nee, D. E. Symon, R. N. Lester, and J. P. Jessop, Eds. Kent: WhitstableLitho, 1999, pp. 97-110.
[9] P. Khristova, S. Bentcheva, and I. Karar,“Soda-AQ pulp blends fromkenaf and sunflower stalks,”Bioresour. Technol., vol. 66, pp.99- 103,1998.
[10] O. Okereke, “Studies on the Fibre Dimensions of Some Nigerian Timbers and Raw Materials. Part 1,” Res. Rep. No.16. Lagos, Nigeria:Fed. Ministry of Commerce and Industry, 1962.
[11] S.A. Rydholm, Pulping Process. New York: Wiley and Sons, 1965, pp.1270-1272.