Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31100
The effects of Garlic Oil (Allium sativa), Turmeric Powder (Curcuma longa Linn) and Monensin on Total Apparent Digestibility of Nutrients in Baloochi Lambs

Authors: Ahmad Khalesizadeh, Alireza Vakili, Mohsen Danesh Mesgaran, Reza Valizadeh


The objective of this study was to determine the effects of garlic oil (Allium sativa), turmeric powder (Curcuma longa Linn) and Monensin on Total apparent digestibility of nutrients in Baloochi lambs. The experiment was designed as a 4 x 4 Latin square using 4 ruminally baloochi lambs with 4 treatments in four 28-d periods. Treatments were control (no additive), garlic oil (0. 4 g/d), monensin (0. 2 g/d) and turmeric powder (20 g/d). Total apparent digestibility's (% of intake) of organic matter (OM), dry matter (DM), crud protein (CP), ether extract(EE), non fiber carbohydrate (NFC), acid detergent fiber (ADF) and neutral detergent fiber (NDF) in the total tract were not influenced by addition of either additives.

Keywords: Essential Oil, turmeric, apparent digestibility, garlic oil, monensin

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1763


[1] Wallace, R.J., Antimicrobial properties of plant secondary metabolites. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 2004. 63(4): p. 621-629.
[2] Calsamiglia, S., et al., Invited Review: Essential Oils as Modifiers of Rumen Microbial Fermentation. Journal of Dairy Science, 2007. 90(6): p. 2580- 2595.
[3] Wang, Y., et al., Effects of Yucca schidigera extract on fermentation and degradation of steroidal saponins in the rumen simulation technique (RUSITEC). Animal Feed Science and Technology, 1998. 74(2): p. 143- 153.
[4] Hristov, A.N., et al., Effect of Yucca schidigera on ruminal fermentation and nutrient digestion in heifers. Journal of Animal Science, 1999. 77(9): p. 2554-2563.
[5] Parker, D.S. and D.G. Armstrong, Antibiotic feed additives and livestock production. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 1987. 46(3): p. 415-421.
[6] Rodrigues, P.H.M., et al., Monensin and total tract digestibility in wethers fed different roughage/concentrate ratios. Scientia Agricola, 2001. 58(3): p. 449-455.
[7] Bergen, W.G. and D.B. Bates, ionophores-their effect on production efficiency and mode of action. Journal of Animal Science, 1984. 58(6): p. 1465-1483.
[8] Tyler, J.W., D.F. Wolfe, and R. Maddox, Clinical indications for dietary ionophores in ruminants. Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian, 1992. 14(7): p. 989-&.
[9] Patra, A.K., Effects of essential oils on Rumen fermentation, microbial ecology and Ruminant production Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 2011. 6(5): p. 416- 428.
[10] Franz, C., K.H.C. Baser, and W. Windisch, Essential oils and aromatic plants in animal feeding - a European perspective. A review. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 2010. 25(5): p. 327-340.
[11] AOAC International. 2003. Official methods of analysis of AOAC International. 17th edition. 2nd revision. Gaithersburg, MD, USA, Association of Analytical Communities.
[12] Vansoest, P.J., J.B. Robertson, and B.A. Lewis, methods for dietary fiber,neutral detergent fiber,and non starch polysacharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science, 1991. 74(10): p. 3583-3597.
[13] The ruminant animal. Digestive physiology and nutrition. The ruminant animal. Digestive physiology and nutrition., ed. D.C. Church. 1988, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. ix + 564.
[14] SAS 1999. Users Guide: Statistics. 1999. Version 8.2. SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC, USA.
[15] Benchaar, C., et al., Effects of addition of essential oils and monensin premix on digestion, ruminal fermentation, milk production, and milk composition in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 2006. 89(11): p. 4352-4364.
[16] Meyer, N.F., et al., Effect of essential oils, tylosin, and monensin on finishing steer performance, carcass characteristics, liver abscesses, ruminal fermentation, and digestibility. Journal of Animal Science, 2009. 87(7): p. 2346-2354.
[17] Gonzalez-Momita, M.L., et al., Nutrient intake, digestibility, mastication and ruminal fermentation of Pelibuey lambs fed finishing diets with ionophore (monensin or lasalocid) and sodium malate. Small Ruminant Research, 2009. 83(1-3): p. 1-6.
[18] Yang, W.Z., et al., Effects of garlic and juniper berry essential oils on ruminal fermentation and on the site and extent of digestion in lactating cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 2007. 90: p. 5671-5681.
[19] Thornton, J.H. and F.N. Owens, monensin supplementaion and in vivo methane production by steers. Journal of Animal Science, 1981. 52(3): p. 628-634.
[20] Ellis, W.C., G.W. Horn, D. Delaney and K.R. Pond,1983. Effects of ionophores on grazed forage utilization and their economic value for cattle on wheat pasture. Proceedings of the National Wheat Pasture Symposium, (NWPS-83), Oklahoma Agriculture Experiment Station, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater OK., pp: 343-355.
[21] Rogers, J.A. and C.L. Davis, rumen volatile fatty acid production and nutrient utilization in steers fed diet supplemented with sodiumbicarbonate and monensin. Journal of Dairy Science, 1982. 65(6): p. 944-952.
[22] Branine, M.E. and M.L. Galyean, Influence of grain and monensin supplementation on ruminal fermentation, intake,digesta kinetics and incidince and severity of frothy bloat in steers grazing winter wheat pasture. Journal of Animal Science, 1990. 68(4): p. 1139-1150.
[23] Knowlton, K.F., M.S. Allen, and P.S. Erickson, Lasalocid and particle size of corn grain for dairy cows in early lactation .2. Effect on ruminal measurements and feeding behavior. Journal of Dairy Science, 1996. 79(4): p. 565-574.
[24] Schelling, G.T., monensin mode of action in the rumen. Journal of Animal Science, 1984. 58(6): p. 1518-1527.