Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31584
Aerodynamic Stall Control of a Generic Airfoil using Synthetic Jet Actuator

Authors: Basharat Ali Haider, Naveed Durrani, Nadeem Aizud, Salimuddin Zahir


The aerodynamic stall control of a baseline 13-percent thick NASA GA(W)-2 airfoil using a synthetic jet actuator (SJA) is presented in this paper. Unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations are solved on a hybrid grid using a commercial software to simulate the effects of a synthetic jet actuator located at 13% of the chord from the leading edge at a Reynolds number Re = 2.1x106 and incidence angles from 16 to 22 degrees. The experimental data for the pressure distribution at Re = 3x106 and aerodynamic coefficients at Re = 2.1x106 (angle of attack varied from -16 to 22 degrees) without SJA is compared with the computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulation as a baseline validation. A good agreement of the CFD simulations is obtained for aerodynamic coefficients and pressure distribution. A working SJA has been integrated with the baseline airfoil and initial focus is on the aerodynamic stall control at angles of attack from 16 to 22 degrees. The results show a noticeable improvement in the aerodynamic performance with increase in lift and decrease in drag at these post stall regimes.

Keywords: Active flow control, Aerodynamic stall, Airfoilperformance, Synthetic jet actuator.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2081


[1] Daniel P. Raymer, Aircraft Design: A Conseptual Approach. 3rd edition. AIAA Education Series, Reston, VA, 1999, pp. 39.
[2] Robert J. McGhee, William D. Beasley, and Dan M. Somers, "Low Speed Aerodynamic Characteristics of a 13-Percent-Thick Airfoil Section designed for General Aviation Applications," NASA TM X- 72697, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia.
[3] Hassan A, Straub F, BD C., "Effects of Surface Blowing/Suction on the Aerodynamics of Helicopter Rotor Blade-Vortex Interactions-a Numerical Simulation", Journal of American Helicopter Society 1997,182-194.
[4] Seifert A, Darabi A, Wygnanski I. Delay of airfoil Stall by Periodic Excitation. AIAA Journal, Vol. 33, No. 4, 1996, pp. 691-707.
[5] Ingard, U., "On the Theory and Design of Acoustic Resonators." The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 25, No. 6, 1953, pp. 1037-1060.
[6] Barton L. Smith and Ari Glezer, "The Formationand Evolution of Synthetic jets", Physics of Fluids, vol. 10, No. 9, 1998, pp. 2281-2297.
[7] Smith, B. and Glezer, A., "Jet Vectoring Using Synthetic Jet Actuators," Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 458, 2002, pp. 1-34.
[8] Amitay, M., Smith, D., Kibens, V., Parekh, A. and Glezer, A., Aerodynamic flow control over an unconventional airfoil using synthetic jet actuators" AIAA Journal, Vol. 39, No. 3, pp. 361-370, March 2001.
[9] Glezer, A. and Amitay, M., "Synthetic Jets," Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 34, 2002, pp. 503-529.
[10] Gilarranz, J. L., Traub, L. W. & Rediniotis, O. K., "A New Class of Synthetic Jet Actuators - Part II: Application to Flow Separation Control," ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering, 127, 2005, pp. 377- 387.
[11] Omar D. Lopez and Robert D. Moser, "Delayed Detached Eddy Simulation of Flow over an Airfoil", Asociación Argentina de Mecánica Computacional Vol. XXVII, 2008, pp. 3225-3245.
[12] Kevin E. Wu and Kenneth S. Breuer, "Dynamics of Synthetic Jet Actuator Arrays for Flow Control", AIAA, 2003.
[13] D. You and P. Moin, "Study of Flow Separation over an Airfoil with Synthetic Jet Control using Large-Eddy Simulation," Center for Turbulence Research, Annual Research Briefs 2007.
[14] R. Duvigneau and M. Visonneau, "Optimization of a Synthetic Jet Actuator for Aerodynamic Stall Control", Computers & Fluids, Vol. 35, No 6, pp 624-638, July 2006
[15] R. Duvigneau and M. Visonneau, "Simulation and Optimization of Stall Control for an Airfoil with a Synthetic Jet," Aerospace Science & technology, Vol. 10, No 4, pp 279-287, May 2006
[16] D. You and P. Moin, "Large-Eddy Simulation of Flow Separation over an Airfoil with Synthetic Jet Control," Center for Turbulence Research, Annual Research Briefs 2006.
[17] Guang HONG, "Enabling Micro Synthetic Jet Actuators in Boundary Layer Separation Control Using Flow Instability," 16th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, Crown Plaza, Gold Coast, Australia, 2007, pp. 887-891.
[18] Fluent User Manual. (