Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31225
Dependence of Particle Initiated PD Characteristics on Size and Position of Metallic Particle Adhering to the Spacer Surface in GIS

Authors: F. N. Budiman, Y. Khan, A. A. Khan, A. Beroual, N. H. Malik, A. A. Al-Arainy


It is well known that metallic particles reduce the reliability of Gas-Insulated Substation (GIS) equipments by initiating partial discharge (PDs) that can lead to breakdown and complete failure of GIS. This paper investigates the characteristics of PDs caused by metallic particle adhering to the solid spacer. The PD detection and measurement were carried out by using IEC 60270 method with particles of different sizes and at different positions on the spacer surface. The results show that a particle of certain size at certain position possesses a unique PD characteristic as compared to those caused by particles of different sizes and/or at different positions. Therefore PD characteristics may be useful for the particle size and position identification.

Keywords: Particle, GIS, partial discharge, spacer

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1333


[1] H. Anis, "Gas-insulated switchgear," in High Voltage Engineering : Theory and Practice, M. Khalifa, Ed. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker, Inc., 1990, pp. 243-273.
[2] P. Bolin, "Gas-insulated substations," in Electric Power Substations Engineering, J.D. McDonald, Ed. Boca Raton, FL: Taylor & Francis Group, LLC, 2007, pp. 2.1-2.20.
[3] H. S. Jain, "Gas-insulated sub-station / switchgear (GIS)," in Handbook of Switchgears, B.H.E. Limited, Ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill, 2007, pp. 5.1-5.26.
[4] R. M. Radwan and A. M. Abou-Elyazied, "Effect of spacer-s defects and conducting particles on the electric field distribution along their Surfaces in GIS," IEEE Trans. Dielectr. Electr. Insul., vol. 14, pp. 1484-1491, December 2007.
[5] Y. Khan, S. Okabe, J. Suehiro and M. Hara. "Particle initiated breakdown characteristics around spacer under lightning impulse voltage superimposed on pre-stressed DC", Institute of Electrical Engineers of Japan (IEEJ) Trans. Fundamental and Materials, Vol. 124, No.7, pp. 547-552, 2004.
[6] Y. Khan, E.K. Lee, A. Oda, K.Sakai, Q. Zhang, S. Okabe, J. Suehiro and M. Hara., "Characteristics of corona and surface flashover triggered by free-conducting particles around simple shaped spacer under DC voltage in atmospheric air", Proc. of 2001 Japan-Korea Joint Symposium on Electrical discharges and High Voltage Engineering (ED & HVE), Miyazaki, Japan. Vol.1, pp. 101-104, 1-2 November 2001.
[7] A.A. Khan, Y.Khan, N.H.Malik and A. A. Al-Arainy, "Influence of spacer defects and adhered metal particles on electric field intensifications in GIS", Journal of Basic Appl. Scientific Research, J. Basic. Appl. Sci. Res., 2(8), pp. 7866-7875, August 2012.
[8] N. Kanako, et al. "Particle size identification in GIS by ultra high speed measurement of partial discharge," International Conference on Condition Monitoring and Diagnosis (CMD), pp. 443-447, 21-24 April 2008.
[9] N. Hayakawa, et al. "Dependence of partial discharge characteristics at spacer surface on particle size in SF6 gas insulated system," International Conference on Condition Monitoring and Diagnosis (CMD), pp. 46-50, 21-24 April 2008.
[10] Y. Negara, et al. "AC particle-triggered corona discharge in low pressure SF6 gas," IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 91-100, February 2007.
[11] CIGRE Working Group D1.33, "Guide for electrical partial discharge measurements in compliance to IEC 60270, "Technical Brochure, Electra, pp. 61-67, December 2008.