Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30172
Blood Lymphocyte and Neutrophil Response of Cultured Rainbow Trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, Administered Varying Dosages of an Oral Immunomodulator – ‘Fin-Immune™’

Authors: Duane Barker, John Holliday

Abstract:

In a 10-week (May – August, 2008) Phase I trial, 840, 1+ rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, received a commercial oral immunomodulator, Fin Immune™, at four different dosages (0, 10, 20 and 30 mg g-1) to evaluate immune response and growth. The overall objective of was to determine an optimal dosage of this product for rainbow trout that provides enhanced immunity with maximal growth and health. Biweekly blood samples were taken from 10 randomly selected fish in each tank (30 samples per treatment) to evaluate the duration of enhanced immunity conferred by Fin-Immune™. The immunological assessment included serum white blood cell (lymphocyte, neutrophil) densities and blood hematocrit (packed cell volume %). Of these three variables, only lymphocyte density increased significantly among trout fed Fin- Immune™ at 20 and 30 mg g-1 which peaked at week 6. At week 7, all trout were switched to regular feed (lacking Fin-Immune™) and by week 10, lymphocyte levels decreased among all levels but were still greater than at week 0. There was growth impairment at the highest dose of Fin-Immune™ tested (30 mg g-1) which can be associated with a physiological compensatory mechanism due to a dose-specific threshold level. Thus, our main objective of this Phase I study was achieved, the 20 mg g-1 dose of Fin-Immune™ should be the most efficacious (of those we tested) to use for a Phase II disease challenge trial.

Keywords: Blood Lymphocyte, Neutrophil Response of Cultured Rainbow Trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, Oral Immunomodulator – 'Fin-ImmuneTM'.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1083287

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1238

References:


[1] Galindo-Villegas, J & H Hoskowa, 2004. Immunostimulants: towards temporary prevention of diseases in marine fish. In: Avances en Nutricion Acuicola VII. Morias del VII symposium Internacional de Nutricion Acuicola. Nov. 2004. Eds. LE Cruz Suarez, D Ricque Marie, MG Nieto Lopez, D Villarreal, U Scholz & M Gonzalez.
[2] A. L. Gannam & R. M. Schrock, 1999. Immunostimulants in fish diets. J. Appl. Aqua. 9: 53-89.
[3] M. Sakai, 1999. Current research status of fish immunostimulants. Aquaculture 172: 63-92.
[4] S. P. Wasser, 2002. Medicinal mushrooms as a source of antitumour and immunomodulating polysaccharides. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 60: 258-274.
[5] D. E. Barker & J. Davis, 2004. Preliminary testing of oral immunostimulants against Microsporidiosis in cultured cod (Gadus morhua). Spec. Pub. Bull. Aqua. Assoc. Can. 8:20-26.
[6] C. Jenkins & D. E. Barker, 2005. The efficacy of oral immunostimulants in enhancing resistance against Microsporidiosis in juvenile Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) Aqua Assoc Can Spec Pub 9: 97-100.
[7] R. J. Roberts, (ed.) 2001. Fish Pathology. WB Saunders, London. 472 pp.
[8] J. Raa, 1996. The use of immunostimulatory substances in fish and shellfish farming. Reviews in Fisheries Science 4: 229-288.