Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32119
Silicone on Blending Vegetal Petrochemical Based Polyurethane

Authors: Flora E. Firdaus


Polyurethane foam (PUF) is formed by a chemical reaction of polyol and isocyanate. The aim is to understand the impact of Silicone on synthesizing polyurethane in differentiate volume of molding. The method used was one step process, which is simultaneously caried out a blending polyol (petroleum polyol and soybean polyol), a TDI (2,4):MDI (4,4-) (80:20), a distilled water, and a silicone. The properties of the material were measured via a number of parameters, which are polymer density, compressive strength, and cellular structures. It is found that density of polyurethane using silicone with volume of molding either 250 ml or 500 ml is lower than without using silicone.

Keywords: soybean, petro, silicone, polyurethane

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1828


[1] Energy Information Administration, world Crude oil Proces: http//, accessed on April 11th, 2008
[2] ICIS Chemical Business Americas Oct. 30th, 270(16), 2006, p. 4343
[3] S.Oprea, Synthesis and properties of polyurethane elastomers with castor oil as crosslinker, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 87, 2010, pp.313-320
[4] X. Kong, S.S.Narine, Physical properties of polyurethane plastic sheets produced from polyols from canola oil, Biomacromolecules, 8, 2007, pp. 2203-2209
[5] L.W. Barret, L.H. Sperling, C.J Murphy, Naturally functionalized triglyceride oils in interpenetrating polymer networks, J. Am.Oil Chem. Soc., 70(5), 1993, pp. 523-534
[6] A. Heidbreder, R.Höfer, R. Gr├╝tzmacher, A. Westfechtel, C.W. Blewtt, Oleochemical products as building blocks for polymers, Fett/ Lipid, 101(11), 1999, pp. 418-424
[7] Z.S Petrovic, W. Zhang, I. Javni, Structure and properties of polyurethane prepared from triglyceridevpolyols by ozonolysis. Biomacromolecules, 6(2), 2005, pp. 713-719
[8] T. Roloff, U. Erkens, R. Höfer, Polyols based on renewable feedstocks: A significant alternative. Urethane Technol, 22(4), 2005, pp.29-33
[9] Z.S. Petrovic, M.J. Cevalos, I. Javni, D.W. Schaefer, R. Justice, Soy oil based segmented polyurethanes, J. Polym Sci. Part B: Polym Phys, 43 (22), 2005, pp. 3178-3190
[10] I. Javni, Z.S. Petrovic, A. Guo, Thennal stability of polyurethane based on vegetable oils, J. Appl. Polym Sci.: part B: Polym Phys., 84, 2002, pp.591-597
[11] J.John , M.Bhattacharya, RB.Turner . Characterization of polyurethane foam trom soyabean, J Appl. Polym. Sci. 86, 2002, pp.3097-3107
[12] A.Aneja, "Structure property relationships of flexible polyurethane foams, Dissertation, Virgnia Polytechnic institute and state university, 2002, p.11
[13] U.Casado, N.E Marcovich, M.I. Anguren, M.A. Mosiewicki, High strength composite based on tung oil polyurethane and wood flour: effect of filler concentration on the mechanical properties, J. Polymer engineering and science, vol.49, Brookfield center, 2009, pp. 713-721
[14] R. Herrington, J. Malsam, US Patent application 0070620; 2005
[15] F. Wang, "Polydimethylsiloxane Modification of Segmented Thermoplaastic Polyurethanes and Polyureas", Dissertation, Virginia Polytechnic institute and state university, 1998, p.14
[16] B.Kanner; T.G.Decker, Urethane foam formation - role of the silicone surfactant, Journal Cell Plast., 5 (1), 1969, pp. 32-39
[17] Lim, Kim, and Kim, Effect of silicone surfactant in rigid polyurethane foams, Express polymer letters 2(3), 2008, pp. 194-202
[18] M. Thirumal, D. Dipak, N.K. Singha, B.S. Manjuntah, Y.P. Naik, Effect of foam density on the properties of water blown rigid polyurethane, J. Appl. Polym Sci., 108(3), 2004, pp. 1810-1817