Motor Skill Adaptation Depends On the Level of Learning
An experiment was conducted to examine the effect of the level of performance stabilization on the human adaptability to perceptual-motor perturbation in a complex coincident timing task. Three levels of performance stabilization were established operationally: pre-stabilization, stabilization, and super-stabilization groups. Each group practiced the task until reached its level of stabilization in a constant sequence of movements and under a constant time constraint before exposure to perturbation. The results clearly showed that performance stabilization is a pre-condition for adaptation. Moreover, variability before reaching stabilization is harmful to adaptation and persistent variability after stabilization is beneficial. Moreover, the behavior of variability is specific to each measure.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1335022Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1452
 Izawa, J.; Rane, T.; Dochin, O.; Shadmehr, R. Motor Adaptation as a process of reoptimization. Journal of Neuroscience, v. 132, p. 28-41, 2008.
 C Button, Davids K, Bennet SJ, Taylor MA. Mechanical perturbation of the wrist during one-handed catching. Acta Psychologica 105 (2000) 9- 30.
 S.R. Caljouw, J. van der Kamp, G.J.P. Savelsberg. The impact of taskconstrains on the planning and control of interceptive hitting movements. Neuroscience Letters 392 (2006) 84-89.
 R.M.C. Spencer, H.N. Zelaznick Weber (slope) analyses of timing variability in taping and drawing tasks. Journal of Motor Behavior 35 (2003) 371-381.
 J.R. Tresilian, A.Plooy. Effects of acoustic startle stimuli on interceptive action. Neuroscience 142 (2006) 579-594.
 S.M. Pincus. Approximate entropy as a measure of system complexity. Procedings of the National Academy of Science 88 (1991) 2297-301.
 N. Bernstein. The Co-ordination and Regulation of Human Movements. Oxford, Pergamon, 1967, 196 pp.
 E. Brenner, J.B.J. Smeets. Perceptual requirements for fast manual responses. Experimental Brain Research 153 (2003) 246-252.
 J.R. Tresilian, J. Oliver, T.J.Carroll. Temporal precision of interceptive action: differential effects of target size and speed. Experimental Brain Research 148 (2003) 425-438.
 E.J. Manoel, K.J. Connolly. Variability and the development of skilled actions. International Journal Psychological 19 (1995) 129-147.
 M.L. Latash, J.F. Scholz, F. Danion, G. Schöner. Structure motor variability in marginal redundant multifinger force production tasks. Experimental Brain Research 141 (2001) 153-165.
 G.F. Reed, F. Lynn, B.D. Meade Use of coefficient of variation in assessing variability of quantitative assays. Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology 9 (2002) 1235-1239.
 A.B. Slifkin, K.M. Newell. Noise, information transmission and force variability. Journal Experimental Psychological Human Percept Performance 25 (1999) 837-851.
 Haken, H. Synergetics: An introduction: Nonequilibrium phase transitions and self-organization in physics, chemistry and biology (1983).
 Kelso, J. A. S. Phase Transitions and critical behavior in human bimanual coordination. American Journal of physiology: Regulatory, integrative, and comparative, 15, R 1000 - R 10004 (1984).
 J.P. Scholz, G. Schoner. The uncontrolled manifold concept: Identifying control variables for a functional taks. Experimental Brain Research 126 (1999) 289-306.
 A.D. Prager, J.L.Contreras-Vidal. Adaptation to display rotation and display gain distortion during drawing. Human Moviment Science 22 (2003) 173-87.
 S.J.A. Kelso, D.A. Engostrom. The complementary Nature. London, MIT Pres, 2006, 317pp.
 K.M. Newell. Change in Movement and Skill: Learning, Retention and Transfer. In: M.L.T. Latash, M.T. Turvey. with on Dexterity and its Development by N.A. Bernstein (Eds.), Dexterity and its Development. New Jersey, Mahwah. 1996, pp.393-429.
 E.J. Manoel, L. Basso, U.C. Corr├¬a, G. Tani Modulatity and hierarquical organization of action programs in human acquisition of graphic skills. Neuroscience Letters 335 (2002) 83-86.
 D. Timmann, S. Richter, S. Betsmann, K.T. Kalveram, J. Konczak. Predictive control of muscle responses to arm perturbations in celebellar patients. Journal Neurologycal NeurosurgPsychiatry 69 (2000) 345- 352.
 P.G. Zanone, J.A.S. Kelso. Learning and transfer as dynamical paradigms for behavioral change. In: Stelmach GE, Requin J, editors. Tutorials in Motor Behavior II. Amsterdam, Elsevier Science, 1992, pp.563-582.
 L. Li, J.M. Haddad, J. Hamil. Stability and variability may respond differently to changes in walking speed. Human Moviment Science 24 (2005) 257-267.
 D.O. Hebb. The organization of behavior: a neuropsychological theory. New York, John Wiley & Sons, 1949, 335pp.
 J.C.E. Van Der Burg, J.H. Van Die├½n. The effect of timing of a perturbation on the execution of a lifting movement. Human Moviment Science 20 (2001) 243-255.
 L.R.T. Willians, J.M Jasiewicz, R.W. Simmons Coincidence timing of finger, arm, and whole body movements. Perceptual Motor Skills 92 (2000) 535-547.
 S.C. Lai, G. Mayer-Kress, K.M. Newell. Information entropy and the variability of space-time movement error. Journal Motor Behavior 38 (2006) 451-466.
 T. Ceux, J. Wagemans, P. Rosas, G. Montage, M. Buekers. Perceptualmotor adaptations in a synchronization task: the joint effects of frequency and motion coherence manipulations. Behaviour Brain Research 168 (2006) 226-235.