Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31108
Characteristics of Turbulent Round Jets in its Potential-Core Region

Authors: S. Sivakumar, Ravikiran Sangras, Vasudevan Raghavan


In this work, stationary hot-wire measurements are carried out to investigate the characteristics of a round free jet in its potential core region (0 ≤ x/d ≤ 10). Measurements are carried out on an incompressible round jet for a range of Reynolds numbers from 4000 to 8000, calculated based on the jet exit mean velocity and the nozzle diameter. The effect of flow velocity on the development characteristics of the jet in the core region is analyzed. Timeaveraged statistics, spectra of velocity and its higher order moments are presented and explained.

Keywords: Contoured nozzle, hot-wire anemometer, Reynolds number, velocity fluctuations, velocity spectra

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 4028


[1] S. Sami, T. Carmody, and H. Rouse, "Jet diffusion in the region of flow establishment," Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 27, pp. 231-252, 1967.
[2] I. Wygnanski and H. Fiedler, "Some measurements in the selfpreserving jet," Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 38, pp. 577-612, 1969.
[3] P. N.R. and J. Lumley, "Turbulence measurements in axisymmetric jets of air and helium. part 1. air jet," Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 246, pp. 197-223, 1993.
[4] L. Boguseawski and C. O. Popiel, "Flow structure of the free round turbulent jet in the initial region," Journal of Fluid Mechanics, vol. 90, pp. 531-539, 1979.
[5] A.-R. A.A., S. AI-Fahed, and W. Chakroun, "The near-field characteristics of circular of jets at low reynolds numbers," Mechanics Research Communications, vol. 23, pp. 313-324, 1996.
[6] F. H., C. Ball, and A. Pollard, "Reynolds number effects within the development region of a turbulent round free jet," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 52, pp. 3943-3954, 2009.
[7] G. Xu and R. Antonia, "Effect of different initial conditions on a turbulent round free jet," Experiments in Fluids, vol. 33, pp. 677-683, 2002.
[8] Q. W.R., "Upstream nozzle shaping effects on near field flow in round turbulent free jets," European Journal of Mechanics B/Fluids, vol. 25, pp. 279-301, 2006.
[9] J. Mi and G. Nathan, "Statistical properties of turbulent free jets issuing from nine differently-shaped nozzles," Flow Turbulence Combustion, vol. 84, pp. 583-606, 2010.
[10] T. Shakouchi, M. Kito, T. Sakamoto, K. Tsujimoto, and T. Ando, "Flow control of jet flow by passive nozzle configuration changes," International Journal of Flow Control, vol. 1, pp. 73-85, 2009.
[11] S. Ashforth-Frost and K. Jambunathan, "Effect of nozzle geometry and semi-confinement on the potential core of a turbulent axisymmetric free jet," Int. Comm. Heat Mass Transfer, vol. 23, pp. 155-162, 1996.
[12] R. H.R. and T. Wong, "Velocity field characteristics of turbulent jets from round tubes with coil inserts," Applied Thermal Engineering, vol. 22, pp. 1037-1045, 2002.
[13] P. Burattini, R. Antonia, S. Rajagopalan, and M. Stephens, "Effect of initial conditions on the near-field development of a round jet," Experiments in Fluids, vol. 37, pp. 56-64, 2004.
[14] P. Burattini and L. Djenidi, "Velocity and passive scalar characteristics in a round jet with grids at the nozzle exit," Flow, Turbulence and Combustion, vol. 72, pp. 199-218, 2004.
[15] P. Suresh, K. Srinivasan, T. Sundararajan, and S. K. Das, "Reynolds number dependence of plane jet development in the transitional regime," Physics of Fluids, vol. 20, p. 044105, 2008.
[16] C. Olinto and S. Möller, "X-probe calibration using collis and william-s equation," in 10o Brazilian Congress of Thermal Sciences and Engineering, 2004.
[17] H. Mouri, M. Takaoka, A. Hori, and Y. Kawashima, "Probability density function of turbulent velocity fluctuations," Phys. Rev. E, vol. 65, p. 056304, 2002.
[18] Stephen B. Pope, Turbulent Flows, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000, ch. 6.