Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32302
The Effects of Speed on the Performance of Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks

Authors: Narendra Singh Yadav, R.P.Yadav


Mobile ad hoc network is a collection of mobile nodes communicating through wireless channels without any existing network infrastructure or centralized administration. Because of the limited transmission range of wireless network interfaces, multiple "hops" may be needed to exchange data across the network. Consequently, many routing algorithms have come into existence to satisfy the needs of communications in such networks. Researchers have conducted many simulations comparing the performance of these routing protocols under various conditions and constraints. One question that arises is whether speed of nodes affects the relative performance of routing protocols being studied. This paper addresses the question by simulating two routing protocols AODV and DSDV. Protocols were simulated using the ns-2 and were compared in terms of packet delivery fraction, normalized routing load and average delay, while varying number of nodes, and speed.

Keywords: AODV, DSDV, MANET, relative performance

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1878


[1] E. M. Royer and C. K. Toh, "A review of current routing protocols for ad hoc mobile wireless networks," IEEE Personal Communications magazine, April 1999, pp. 46-55.
[2] C. E. Perkins and P. Bhagwat, "Highly Dynamic Destination-Sequenced Distance-Vector Routing (DSDV) for Mobile Computers," in Proceedings of ACM SIGCOMM 1994, August 1994, pp. 234-244.
[3] S. Murhty and J. J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves, "An Efficient Routing Protocol for Wireless Networks," ACM Mobile Networks and Applications Journal, Special Issue on Routing in Mobile Communication Networks, Vol. 1, no. 2, October 1996, pp. 183-197.
[4] C. C. Chiang, H. K. Wu, W. Liu and M. Gerla, "Routing in Clustered Multi-Hop Mobile Wireless Networks with Fading Channel," in Proceedings of IEEE SICON 1997, April 1997, pp. 197-211.
[5] J. J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves and M. Spohn, "Source-Tree Routing in Wireless Networks," in Proceedings of IEEE ICNP 1999, October 1999, pp. 273-282.
[6] D. B. Johnson and D. A. Malta, "Dynamic Source Routing in Ad Hoc Wireless Networks," Mobile Computing, Kluwer Academic Publishers, vol. 353, 1996, pp. 153-181.
[7] C. E. Perkins and E. M. Royer, "Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing," Proceedings of IEEE Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and Applications 1999, February 1999, pp. 90-100.
[8] V. D. Park and M. S. Corson, "A Highly Adaptive Distributed Routing Algorithm for Mobile Wireless Networks," in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM 1997, April 1997, pp. 1405-1413.
[9] Y. Ko and N. H. Vaidya, "Location-Aided Routing (LAR) in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks," in Proceedings of ACM MOBICOM 1998, October 1998, pp. 66-75.
[10] C. K. Toh, "Associativity-Based Routing for Ad Hoc Mobile Networks," Wireless Personal Communications, vol. 4, no. 2, March 1997, pp. 1-36.
[11] P. Sinha, R. Shivkumar and V. Bharghavan, "CEDAR: A Core Extraction Distributed Ad Hoc Routing Algorithm," IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 17, no. 8, August 1999, pp. 1454-1466.
[12] Z. J. Haas, "The Routing Algorithm for the Reconfigurable Wireless Networks," in Proceedings of ICUPC 1997, vol. 2, October 1997, pp. 562-566.
[13] R. S. Sisodia, B. S. Manoj and C. Siva Ram Murthy, "A Preferred Link- Based Routing Protocol for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks," Journal of Communications and Networks, vol. 4, no. 1, march 2002, pp. 14-21.
[14] Andrew S. Tanenbaum, Computer Networks. Fourth Edition, Prentice Hall, ch. 5, pp. 357-360.
[15] Andrew S. Tanenbaum, Computer Networks. Fourth Edition, Prentice Hall, ch. 5, pp. 360-366.
[16] J. Broch, D. A. Maltz, D. Johnson, Y. C. Hu and J. Jetcheva, "A Performance Comparison of Multi-Hop Wireless Ad Hoc Network Routing Protocols," in Proceedings of ACM/IEEE MOBICOM 1998, October 1998, pp. 85-97.
[17] S. R. Das, C. E. Perkins and E. M. Royer, "Performance Comparison of Two On-Demand Routing Protocols for Ad Hoc Networks," in Proceedings of the IEEE INFOCOM 2000, March 2000, pp. 3-12.
[18] P. Johansson, T. Larsson, N. Hedman, B. Mielczarek and M. Degermark, "Scenario-based Performance Analysis of Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad-hoc Networks," in Proceedings of the ACM/IEEE MOBICOM 1999, August 1999, pp.195-206.
[19] S. R. Das, R. Cestaneda, J. Yan and R. Sengupta, "Comparative performance evaluation of routing protocols for mobile ad hoc networks," in proceedings of the IC3N 1998, October 1998, pp. 153- 161.
[20] K. Fall and K. Vardhan, The Network Simulator (ns-2). Available:
[21] T. S. Rappaport, Wireless Communications, Principles & Practices. Prentice Hall, 1996, ch. 3, pp. 70-74.