Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30184
Effect of UV-Treatment on Properties of Biodegradable Film From Rice Starch
Abstract:Photo-crosslinked rice starch-based biodegradable films were prepared by casting film-solution on leveled trays and ultra violet (UV) irradiation was applied for 10 minute. The effect of the content (3%, 6% and 9 wt. %)of photosensitiser (sodium benzoate) on mechanical properties, water vapor permeability (WVP) and structural properties of rice starch films were investigated. The tensile strength increased while elongation at break and water resistance properties of rice starch films decreased with addition and increasing content of photosensitiser. The % crystallinity of rice starch films were decreased when the content of photosensitiser increased and UV were applied. The results showed that the carboxylate group band of sodium benzoate was found in the FTIR spectrum of rice starch films and found that incorporation of 6% of photosensitiser into the films showed a higher absorption band of resulted films. This result pointed out the highest interaction between starch molecules was occurred.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1081103Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1908
 S. Mali, M. V. E. Grossmann, M. A. Garcia, M. N. Martino, and N. E. Zaritzky, "Microstructural characterization of yam starch films" Carbohyd. Polym. J. vol. 50, pp. 379-386, 2002.
 G. Carvalho, P. C. Lemos, A. Oehmen, and M. A. M. Reis, "enitrifying phosphorus removal: linking the process performance with the microbial community structure" Water Res. J. vol. 41, pp. 4383-4396, 2007.
 P. H. Mu├▒oz, R. Villalobos, and A. Chiralt, "Effect of cross-linking using aldehydes on properties of glutenin-rich films" Food Hydrocolloids J. vol. 18, pp. 403-411, 2003.
 M. A. Garcia, M. N. Martino, and N. E. Zaritzky, "Microstructural characterization of plasticized starch-based films" Starch/Starke J. vol. 52, pp. 118-124, 2000.
 J. M. Krochta, and C. De Mulder-Johnston, "Edible and biodegradable polymer films: challenges and opportunities" Food Technology J. vol. 51, pp. 61-74, 1997.
 J.E. Cohen, K. Schoenly, K.L. Heong, H. Justo, G. Arida, A.T. Barrion, and J.A. Litsinger, "A Food Web Approach to Evaluating the Effect of Insecticide Spraying on Insect Pest Population Dynamics in a Philippine Irrigated Rice Ecosystem" Applied Ecology J. vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 747- 763, 1994.
 X.Y. Xu, K.M. Kim, M.A. Hanna, and D. Nag, "Chitosan-starch composite film: preparation and characterization. Industrial Crops and Products" Industrial Crops and Products J. vol. 21, pp. 185-192, 2005.
 C. C. Seow, P. B. Cheah, and Y. P. Chang, "Antiplasticization by water in reduced-moisture food systems" Food Sci J. vol. 64, pp. 576-581, 1999.
 K. Woo, and A. S. Paul, "Cross-linking of wheat starch and hydroxypropylated wheat starch in alkaline slurry with sodium trimetaphosphate" Carbohyd. Polym. J. vol. 33, pp. 263-271, 1997.
 L. Kuniak, and R. H. Marchessault, "Study of the crosslinking reaction between epichlorohydrin and starch" Die st├ñrke J. vol. 24,pp. 110-116, 1973.
 J. Gehring, "With radiation crosslinking of engineering plastics into the next millennium. Radiation Physics and Chemistry" vol. 57, no. 3-6, pp. 361-365, 2000.
 K. Takakura, G. Takayama, and J. Ukida, "Ultraviolet-induced crosslinking of poly(vinylalcohol) in the presence of sensitizers" Applied Polym. Sci. J. vol. 9, pp. 3217-3224, 1965.
 P. Ghosp, and R. Gangopadhay, "Photofunctionalisation of cellulose and lignocelluloses fibres using photoactive organic acids" European Polym. J. vol. 36, pp. 625-634, 2000.
 C. H. J. Wells, "Photochemical reactions-II: introduction to molecular photochemistry" London: Chapman & Hall Textbook series, 1972.
 M. Zhai, F. Yoshii, and T. Kume, "Radiation modification of starch-base plastic sheets" Carbohyd. Polym. J. vol. 52, pp. 311-317, 2003.
 J. Delville, C. Joly, P. Dole, and C. Bliard, "Solid state photocrosslinked starch based films: a new family of homogeneous modified starches" Carbohyd. Polym. J. vol. 49, pp. 71-81, 2002.
 ASTM. (1993), "Standard practice for conditioning plastics and electrical insulating materials for testing: D618-61 (reproved 1990)" In ASTM. Annual book of American standard testing methods, vol. 8.01, pp. 146-148. Philadelphia, PA.
 T. H. McHugh, R. Avena-Bustillos, and J. M. Krochta, "Hydrophilic edible films: modified procedure for water vapor permeability and explanation of thickness effects" Food Science J. vol. 58, pp. 899-903, 1993.
 J. Zhou, J. Zhang, Y. Ma, and J. Tong, "Surface photo-crosslinking of corn starch sheets" Carbohyd. Polym. J. vol. 74, pp. 405-410, 2008.
 V. Morillon, F. Debeaufort, G. Blond, and A. Voilley, "Temperature influence on moisture transfer through synthetic films" Membrane Science J. vol. 168, pp. 223-231, 2000.
 M.A. Bertuzzi, E.F. Castro Vidaurre, M. Armada, and J.C. Gottifredi, "Water vapor permeability of edible starch based films" Food Engineering J. vol. 80, no. 3, pp. 972-978, 2007.
 C. Decker, and K. Moussa, "Photopolymérisation de monomers multifonctionnels-III. Analyse cinétique par spectroscopie Infrarouge résolue dans le temps (RTIR)" European Polymer J. vol. 26, pp. 393- 401, 1990.
 ASTM. (1995) "Standard test methods for tensile properties of thin plastics sheeting D882-91" In ASTM. Annual Book of American Standard Testing Methods, vol 8.01, pp. 182-190. West Conshohochem, PA.
 N. Gontard, S. Guilbert, and J. L. Cuq, "Edible wheat gluten films: influence of the main process variables on film properties using response surface methodology" Food Science J. vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 190-195, 1992.
 J. Bao, and C.J. Bergman, "The functionality of rice starch. In: Starch in food: Structure, function and applications" A.-C. Eliasson (Ed.), Woodhead Publishing Ltd. and CRC Press LLC: Boca Raton, Fl. pp. 258-294.
 T. Bourtoom, and M. S. Chinnan, "and properties of rice starch-chitosan blend biodegradable film" LWT-Food Science and Technology J. vol. 41, pp. 1633-1641, 2008.
 Q. Yu, Z. Zhang, X. Xie, K. Naito, and Y. Kagawa, "Preparation and crystalline morphology of biodegradable starch/clay nanocomposites" Polym. J. vol. 48, pp. 7193-7200, 2007.
 K. Das, D. Ray, N.R. Bandyopahyay, A. Gupta, S. Sengupta, S. Sahoo, A. Mohanty, and M. Misra, "Preparation and Characterization of Cross- Linked Starch/Poly(vinylalcohol) Green Films with Low Moisture Absorption" Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. J. vol. 49, pp. 2176-2185, 2010.
 C. J. Chen and G. S. Y. Yeh. "Radiation-induced crosslinking: III. Effect on the crystalline and amorphous density fluctuations of polyethylene" Colloid and Polymer Science J. vol. 269, no. 4, pp. 353-363, 1991.
 C. Mestres, and X. Rouau, "Influence of natural fermentation and drying conditions on the Physicochemical characteristics of cassava starch" Sci Food Agric. J. vol. 74, pp. 147-55, 1997.
 M. I. T(Tejedor).- Tejedor, E. C. Yost., and M. A. Anderson, "Characterization of Benzoic and Phenolic Complexes at the Goethite/Aqueous Solution Interface Using Cylindrical Internal Reflection Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy. Part 1. Methodology" Langmuir J. vol. 6, pp. 979-987, 1990.
 R. Bhat, and A. A. Karim, "Ultraviolet irradiation improves gel strength of fish gelatin" Food Chemistry J. vol. 113, pp. 1160-1164, 2009.