MJPEG Real-Time Transmission in Industrial Environments Using a CBR Channel
Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32870
MJPEG Real-Time Transmission in Industrial Environments Using a CBR Channel

Authors: J. Silvestre, L. Almeida, R. Marau, P. Pedreiras

Abstract:

Currently, there are many local area industrial networks that can give guaranteed bandwidth to synchronous traffic, particularly providing CBR channels (Constant Bit Rate), which allow improved bandwidth management. Some of such networks operate over Ethernet, delivering channels with enough capacity, specially with compressors, to integrate multimedia traffic in industrial monitoring and image processing applications with many sources. In these industrial environments where a low latency is an essential requirement, JPEG is an adequate compressing technique but it generates VBR traffic (Variable Bit Rate). Transmitting VBR traffic in CBR channels is inefficient and current solutions to this problem significantly increase the latency or further degrade the quality. In this paper an R(q) model is used which allows on-line calculation of the JPEG quantification factor. We obtained increased quality, a lower requirement for the CBR channel with reduced number of discarded frames along with better use of the channel bandwidth.

Keywords: Industrial Networks, Multimedia.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1080987

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1564

References:


[1] G.K. Wallace The JPEG still picture compression standard, Commun. ACM, Apr. 1991, vol. 34, pp. 30-44.
[2] M.W. Marcellin, M.J. Gormish, A. Bilgin and M.P. Boliek, An Overview of JPEG-2000, Proc. DCC 2000. Mar. 2000, pp. 523-541
[3] D. LeGall, MPEG: A video compression standard for multimedia application, Commun. ACM ,Apr. 1991, vol. 34, pp. 46-58
[4] Video Coding for Low Bit Rate Communications, ITU-T, ITU-T Recommendation H.263, version 1. 1995
[5] T. Sikora, The MPEG-4 video standard verification model, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol ,Feb. 1997, vol. 7, 19-31
[6] B. Jentz Low-Cost Solutions for Video Compression Systems, Global Signal Processing Expo, Santa Clara, CA, Oct. 2005
[7] S. Sen, J.L- Rexford, J.K Dey, J.F. Kurose and D. F. Towsley Online Smoothing of Variable-Bit-Rate Streaming Video, IEEE Trans. on Multimedia, Mar. 2000, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 37-48
[8] A. Bruna, S. Smith, F. Vella and F. Naccari, JPEG Rate Control Algorithm for Multimedia, IEEE Int. Symp. on Consumer Electronics, Sep. 2004, pp. 114-117
[9] Z.L. Zhang, S. Nelakuditi, R. Aggarwal and R. P. Tsang Efficient Selective Frame Discard Algorithms for Stored Video Delivery across Resource Constrained Networks, INFOCOM, 1999, pp. 472-479.
[10] V. Sempere, T. Albero and J. Silvestre Analysis of Communication Alternatives in a Heterogeneous Network for a Supervision and Control System, Computer Communications, 2006, vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 1133-1145
[11] V. Sempere and J. Silvestre, Multimedia applications in industrial networks: Integration of image processing in Profibus, IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, Jun. 2003 vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 440-448
[12] S. Nelakuditi Localized Approach to Providing Quality-of-Service, Technical Report 01-059. U. Minnesota, 2001.
[13] W. Ding and B. Liu Rate control of MPEG video coding and recording by rate-quantization model, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol., vol. 6, pp. 12-20, Feb. 1996
[14] L.J. Lin and A. Ortega Bit-Rate Control Using Piecewise Approximated Rate-Distortion Characteristics, IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. Video Technol., vol. 8, pp. 446-459, Aug. 1998
[15] J. Silvestre, V. Sempere and T. Albero Industrial Video Sequence for Network Performance Evaluation, IEEE Int. Workshop on Factory Communication Systems, Sep. 2004.
[16] S. Taylor Intel Integrated Performance Primitives. How to optimize Software Applications Using Intel IPP, Intel Press, 2004
[17] P. Pedreiras, P. Gai, L. Almeida and G.C. Buttazzo FTT-Ethernet: a flexible real-time communication protocol that supports dynamic Q0S management on Ethernet-based systems, IEEE Trans. in Industrial Informatics, Aug. 2005, Vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 162-172..