Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30067
CO2 Sequestration Potential of Construction and Demolition Alkaline Waste Material in Indian Perspective

Authors: G.Anjali, M.Bhavya, N.Arvind Kumar

Abstract:

In order to avoid the potentially devastating consequences of global warming and climate change, the carbon dioxide “CO2" emissions caused due to anthropogenic activities must be reduced considerably. This paper presents the first study examining the feasibility of carbon sequestration in construction and demolition “C&D" waste. Experiments were carried out in a self fabricated Batch Reactor at 40ºC, relative humidity of 50-70%, and flow rate of CO2 at 10L/min for 1 hour for water-to-solids ratio of 0.2 to 1.2. The effect of surface area was found by comparing the theoretical extent of carbonation of two different sieve sizes (0.3mm and 2.36mm) of C&D waste. A 38.44% of the theoretical extent of carbonation equating to 4% CO2 sequestration extent was obtained for C&D waste sample for 0.3mm sieve size. Qualitative, quantitative and morphological analyses were done to validate carbonate formation using X-ray diffraction “X.R.D.," thermal gravimetric analysis “T.G.A., “X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy “X.R.F.," and scanning electron microscopy “S.E.M".

Keywords: Alkaline waste, construction and demolition waste, CO2 sequestration, mineral carbonation.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1080241

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF

References:


[1] IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, Summary for Policymakers, Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability (WGII), (April 2007).
[2] IEA GHG. A regional assessment of the potential for CO2 storage in the Indian Subcontinent. IEAGHG R&D Programme Report, International Energy Agency Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme, Cheltenham, UK, 2008.
[3] U.S. Department of Energy, Carbon Sequestration Technology Roadmap and Program Plan 2005, Developing the Technology Base and Infrastructure to Enable Sequestration as a Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Option, May 2005.
[4] W.J.J. Huijgen, and R.N.J. Comans, "Carbon Dioxide Sequestration by Mineral Carbonation Literature Review, Energy Resource Center of the Netherlands", ECNC-03-016, 2003.retrieved on 29.12.2010.
[5] D.J. Fauth, Y. Soong, and C.M.White, "Carbon Sequestration Utilizing Industrial Solid Residues", Symposium-American Chemical Society, Division Fuel Chemistry, pp. 37-38, 2002.
[6] M.F. Bertos, X. Li, S.J.R. Simons, C.D. Hills, and P.J. Carey, "Investigation of Acceleration Carbonation for the Stabilisation of MSW Incinerator Ashes and the Sequestration of CO2", Green Chemistry, vol. 6, pp. 428-436, 2004a.
[7] M.F. Bertos, X. Li, S.J.R. Simons, C.D. Hills, and P.J. Carey, "A Review of Accelerated Carbonation Technology in the Treatment of Cement- Based Materials and Sequestration of CO2", J. Hazardous Materials, B 112, pp. 193-205, 2004b.
[8] W.J.J. Huijgen, G.J. Witkamp, and R.N.J. Comans, "Mineral CO2 Sequestration by Steel Slag Carbonation, Environmental Science and Technology", vol 39 (42), pp. 9676-9682, 2005.
[9] V.W.Y. Tam, and C.M. Tam, "Evaluation of existing waste recycling methods: a Hong Kong study. Building and Environment", vol 41(12), pp1649-60, 2006.
[10] CPCB, Status of Municipal Solid Waste Generation, Collection Treatment, and Disposable in Class 1 Cities. Central Pollution Control Board, Ministry of Environmental and Forests, Governments of India, New Delhi, 2000.
[11] Environmental Protection Department (EPD). Monitoring of Solid Waste in Hong Kong; 1998.
[12] L.Y. Shen, V.W.Y. Tam, C.M. Tam, and D. Drew, "Mapping approach for examining waste management on construction sites", J. Construction Engineering and Management, vol 130(4), pp.472-81, 2004.
[13] V.W.Y. Tam, and C.M. Tam, "Waste reduction through incentives: a case study. Building Research and Information", vol 36(1),pp.37- 43,2008.
[14] S.R. Asolekar, "Incorporation of waste matrixes into building materials in the context of regulatory framework. In: M.Saxena, P.K. Pasad, and R. Dasgupta, editors. Proceedings of the recent trends in building materials. Bhopal, India: MRSI, and RR , pp. 66-75,2004.
[15] M. Saxena, and P. Asokan, "Timber substitute products from industrial solid wastes. In: Rajisnish Srivastava, editor. Proceedings of the 18th national convention of environmental engineers and national seminar on solid waste management, Bhopal, India", pp. 192-200, 2002
[16] B.A.G. Bossink, and H.J.H. Brouwers, "Construction waste: quantification and source evaluation", J. Construction Engineering Management, vol 122(1), pp.55-60, 1996.
[17] U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Waste Wise Update: Building For the Future; 2002. Available from http://www.epa.gov/ wastewise/pubs/wwupda16.pdf, accessed on 29.12.2010
[18] C. McGrath and M. Anderson, Waste minimizing on a construction site. Building Research Establishment Digest no 447, 2000.
[19] N. Bell, Waste minimization and resource recovery. The environmental design guide Gen 21, vol. 2. Canberra: Royal Australian Institute of Architects, 1998.
[20] C.S. Poon, "Reducing construction waste", J. Waste Management, vol 27(12), pp. 1715-6, 2007.
[21] ASTM E 104-02 http://www.labthink.cn/service/iso.aspx?id=319, accessed on 30.12.2010.
[22] H.H. Steinour, "Some Effects of Carbon Dioxide on Motars and Concrete - Discussion, Concrete Briefs", J. American Concrete Institute, pp. 905-907, February1959.
[23] D. Gallego, N. Higuita, F. Garcia, N. Ferrell, J. Derek, and D.J. Hansford, "Bioactive coatings on Portland cement substrates: Surface precipitation of apatite-like crystals", J. Materials Science and Engineering, vol 28(3),pp. 347-352,2008.