Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 32601
Comparison of Artificial Neural Network and Multivariate Regression Methods in Prediction of Soil Cation Exchange Capacity
Abstract:Investigation of soil properties like Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) plays important roles in study of environmental reaserches as the spatial and temporal variability of this property have been led to development of indirect methods in estimation of this soil characteristic. Pedotransfer functions (PTFs) provide an alternative by estimating soil parameters from more readily available soil data. 70 soil samples were collected from different horizons of 15 soil profiles located in the Ziaran region, Qazvin province, Iran. Then, multivariate regression and neural network model (feedforward back propagation network) were employed to develop a pedotransfer function for predicting soil parameter using easily measurable characteristics of clay and organic carbon. The performance of the multivariate regression and neural network model was evaluated using a test data set. In order to evaluate the models, root mean square error (RMSE) was used. The value of RMSE and R2 derived by ANN model for CEC were 0.47 and 0.94 respectively, while these parameters for multivariate regression model were 0.65 and 0.88 respectively. Results showed that artificial neural network with seven neurons in hidden layer had better performance in predicting soil cation exchange capacity than multivariate regression.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1080022Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1963
 M. Amini, K.C. Abbaspour, H. Khademi, N. Fathianpour, M. Afyuni and R. Schulin, "Neural network models to predict cation exchange capacity in arid regions of Iran", Eur. J. Soil Sci., Vol. 53, pp 748-757, 2005.
 L. Baker and D. Ellison, "Optimisation of pedotransfer functions using an artificial neural network ensemble method", Geoderma, Vol.144, pp 212-224, 2008.
 M. Banimahd, S.S. Yasrobi and P.K. Woodward, "Artificial neural network for stress-strain behavior of sandy soils: Knowledge based verification", Comput. Geotech., Vol. 32, pp 377-386, 2005.
 M.A. Bell and J. Van keulen, "Soil pedotransfer functions for four Mexican soils", Soil Sci Soc. Am. J., Vol. 59, pp 865-871, 1995.
 J. Bouma, "Using soil survey data for quantitative land evaluation", Advances in Soil Science., Vol. 9, pp 177-213, 1989.
 A. Breeuwsma, J.H.M. Wosten, J.J. Vleeshouwer, A.M. Van slobbe and J. Bouma, "Derivation of land qualities to assess environmental problems from soil surveys", Soil Sci Soc. Am. J., Vol. 50, pp 186-190, 1986.
 O. Carpena, A. Lux and K. vahtras, "Determination of exchangeable calcareous soils". Soil Sci., Vol. 33, pp 194-199, 1972.
 E.H. Drake and H.L. Motto, "An analysis of the effect of clay and organic matter content on the cation exchange capacity of New Jersey soils". Soil. Sci., Vol. 133, pp 281-288, 1982.
 M.J. Fernando, R.G. Burau and K. Arulanandam, "A new approach to determination of cation exchange capacity", Soil Sci.Amer. J., Vol. 41, pp 818-820, 1977.
 S.A. Heusher, C.C. Brandt and P.M. Jardin, "Using soil physical and chemical properties to estimate bulk density", Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., Vol. 69, pp 51-56, 2005.
 A. Jain and A. Kumar, "An evaluation of artificial neural network technique for the determination of infiltration model parameters", Appl. Soft Comput., Vol. 6, pp 272-282, 2006.
 F. Karaca and B. Ozkaya, "NN-LEAP: A neural network-based model for controlling leachate flow-rate in a municipal solid waste landfill site", Environ. Modell. Software., Vol. 21, pp 1190-1197, 2006.
 R. Kaur, S. Kumar and H.P. Gurung, "A pedotransfer function soil data and its comparison with existing PTFs", Aust. J. Soil Res., Vol. 40, pp 847- 857, 2002.
 A. Keller, B. Von Steiger, S.T. Vander Zee and R. Schulin, "A stochastic empirical model for regional heavy metal balances in agroecosystems". Journal of Environmental Quality., Vol. 30, pp 1976- 1989, 2001.
 E.J.W. Koekkoek and H. Booltink, "Neural network models to predict soil water retention", Eur. J. Soil Sci., Vol. 50, pp 489-495, 1999.
 H.R. Lake, A. Akbarzadeh and R. Taghizadeh Mehrjardi, "Development of pedotransfer functions (PTFs) to predict soil physico-chemical and hydrological characteristics in southern coastal zones of the Caspian Sea", Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment., Vol. 1, No.7, pp 160-172, 2009.
 L.A. Manrique, C.A. Jones and P.T. Dyke, "Predicting cation exchange capacity from soil physical and chemical properties", Soil Science Society of America Journal., Vol. 50, pp 787-794, 1991.
 C. Manyame, C.L. Morgan, J.L. Heilman, D. Fatondji, B. Gerard and W.A. Payne, "Modeling hydraulic properties of sandy soils of Niger using pedotransfer functions", Geoderma., Vol. 141, pp 407-415, 2007.
 A.B. McBratney, B. Minasny, S.R. Cattle and R.W. Vervoort, "From pedotransfer function tosoil inference system", Geoderma., Vol. 109, pp 41-73, 2002.
 H. Merdun, O. C─▒nar, R. Meral and M. Apan, "Comparison of artificial neural network and regression pedotransfer functions for prediction of soil water retention and saturated hydraulic conductivity", Soil Till.Res., Vol. 90, pp 108-116, 2006.
 A. Mermoud and D. Xu, "Comparative analysis of three methods to generate soil hydraulic functions", Soil Till. Res., Vol. 87, pp 89-100, 2006.
 B. Minasny and A.B. McBratney, "The neuro-m methods for fitting neural network parametric pedotransfer functions", Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., Vol. 66, pp 352-361, 2002.
 B. Minasny, A.B. McBratney and K.L. Bristow, "Comparison of different approaches to the development of pedotransfer functions for water retention curves", Geoderma., Vol. 93, pp 225- 253, 1999.
 M. Najafi and J. Givi, "Evaluation of prediction of bulk density by artificial neural network and PTFs", 10th Iranian Soil Science Congress, Karaj., pp 680-681, 2006.
 D.W. Nelson and L.E. Sommers, "Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter". In: A.L. Page, R.H. Miller and D.R. Keeney (Eds.), Methods of Soil Analysis. Part II, 2nd ed. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI, USA, pp: 539-580, 1982.
 F. Noorbakhsh, A. Jalalian and H. Shariatmadari, "Prediction of cation exchange capacity with using some soil properties", Iranian Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources., Vol. 3, pp 107-117, 2005.
 Y.A. Pachepsky, D. Timlin and G. Varallyay, "Artificial neural networks to estimate soil water retention from easily measurable data", Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., Vol. 60, pp 727-733, 1996.
 K.L. Sahrawat, "An analysis of the contribution of organic matter and clay to cation exchange capacity of some Philippine soils", Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal., Vol.14, pp 803-809, 1983.
 F. Sarmadian, R. Taghizadeh Mehrjardi and A. Akbarzadeh, "Modeling of some soil properties using artificial neural network and multivariate regression in Gorgan province, north of Iran", Australian J. of Basic and Applied Sci., Vol. 3, No. 1, pp 323-329, 2009.
 M.G. Schaap and F.J. Leij, "Using neural networks to predict soil water retention and soil hydraulic conductivity", Soil Till. Res., Vol. 47, pp 37-42, 1998.
 M.G. Schaap, F.J. Leij and M.Th. Van Genuchten, "Neural network analysis for hierarchical prediction of soil hydraulic properties", Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., Vol. 62, pp 847-855, 1998.
 C.A. Seybold, R.B. Grossman and T.G. Reinsch, "Predicting Cation Exchange Capacity for soil survey using linear models", Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., Vol. 69, pp 856-863, 2005.
 D.L. Sparks, A.L. Page, P.A. Helmke, R.H. Leoppert, P.N. Soltanpour, M.A. Tabatabai, G.T. Johnston and M.E. Summer, "Methods of soil analysis", Soil Sci. Soc. of Am. Madison, Wisconsin, 1996.
 S. Tamari, J.H.M. Wosten and J.C. Ruiz-Suarez, "Testing an artificial neural network for predicting soil hydraulic conductivity", Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., Vol. 60, pp 1732-1741, 1996.
 USDA, "Soil Survey Staff, Keys to Soil Taxonomy", 11th edition, 2010.
 B.D. Vos, M.V. Meirvenne, P. Quataert, J. Deckers and B. Muys, "Predictive quality of pedotransfer functions for estimating bulk density of forest soils", Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., Vol. 69, pp 500-510, 2005.
 B. Wagner, V.R. Tarnawski, V. Hennings, U. Muller, G. Wessolek and R. Plagge, "Evaluation of pedo-transfer functions for unsaturated soil hydraulic conductivity using an independent data set", Geoderma., Vol.102, pp 275-279, 2001.
 L.P. Wilding and E.M. Rutledge, "Cation exchange capacity as a function of organic matter, total clay, and various clay fractions in a soil toposequence", Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc., Vol. 30, pp 782-785, 1966.
 J.H.M. Wösten, A. Lilly, A. Nemes and C. Le Bas, "Development and use of a database of hydraulic properties of European soils", Geoderma., Vol. 90, pp 169-185, 1999.