Design of Ultra Fast Polymer Electro-Optic waveguide Switch for Intelligent Optical Networks
Traditional optical networks are gradually evolving towards intelligent optical networks due to the need for faster bandwidth provisioning, protection and restoration of the network that can be accomplished with devices like optical switch, add drop multiplexer and cross connects. Since dense wavelength multiplexing forms the physical layer for intelligent optical networking, the roll of high speed all optical switch is important. This paper analyzes such an ultra-high speed polymer electro-optic switch. The performances of the 2x2 optical waveguide switch with rectangular, triangular and trapezoidal grating profiles on various device parameters are analyzed. The simulation result shows that trapezoidal grating is the optimized structure which has the coupling length of 81μm and switching voltage of 11V for the operating wavelength of 1550nm. The switching time for this proposed switch is 0.47 picosecond. This makes the proposed switch to be an important element in the intelligent optical network.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1079674Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1329
 David Benjamin, Richard Trudel, Stephen Shew, Optical Services over the Intelligent Optical Network, IEEE Commun Mag, 39 (2001) 73-79.
 Joseph Berthold, Adel A M Saleh, Optical Networking: Past, Present, and Future, IEEE J Lightwave Tech, 26 (2008) 1104-1118.
 W Yuan, S Kim, W H Steier, and H R Fetterman, Electrooptic polymeric digital optical switches with adiabatic couplers, IEEE Photon. Techn Lett, 17 (2005) 2568-2570.
 P De Dobbelaere et al., Digital MEMS for Optical Switching, IEEE Commun Mag, 40, (2000) 88-95
 Yao-Joe Yang et al, A novel 2 × 2 MEMS optical switch using the split cross-bar design, J Micromech Microeng, 17 2007
 R Kasahara et al., New Structure of Silica-Based Planar Lightwave Circuits for Low-Power Thermooptic Switch and Its Application to 8×8 Optical Matrix Switch, J Lightwave Tech, 20, (2002) 993-1000.
 H C Tapalian, J P Laine, and P A Lane, Thermooptical Switches Using Coated Microsphere Resonators," IEEE Photonics Tech Lett, 14 (2002) 1118-20.
 L H Domash et al., Electronically Switchable Waveguide Bragg Gratings for WDM Routing, IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Mtgs. ÔÇö WDM Components Tech, (1997) 34-35
 K Nashimoto et al., PLZT Electro-optic Waveguides and Switches, OSA, 2001.
 Chad Husko , Alfredo De Rossi et al., Ultrafast all-optical modulation in GaAs photonic crystal cavities, Appl Phys Lett, 2009.
 Daryl M Beggs, Thomas P White, Lee Cairns, Liam O-Faolain, and Thomas F Krauss, Ultrashort Photonic Crystal Optical Switch Actuated by a Microheater, , J Lightwave Tech, 21 (2009) 24-26.
 D Z Djurdjevic, T M Benson, P Sewell and A.Vukovic, Fast and Accurate Analysis of 3-D Curved Optical Waveguide Couplers, IEEE J Lightwave Tech, 22 (2004) 2333 - 2340.
 S Nishimura, H Inoue, H Sano, and K Ishida, Electrooptic Effects in an InGaAs/InAlAs Multiquantum Well Structure, IEEE Photonics Tech Lett, 4 (1992) 1123 - 1126.
 M Oh, H Zhang, H Erlig, Y Chang, B Tsap, D Chang, A Szep, W H Steier, H R Fetterman, and L R Dalton, Recent advances in electro-optic polymer modulators incorporating highly nonlinear chromorphore," IEEE J Sel Top Quantum Electron, 7 (2001) 826-835.
 Y Yamamoto, T Kamiya and H Yanai, Improved coupled mode analysis of corrugated waveguides and Laser, IEEE J Quantum Electron, 14 (1978) 245 - 258.
 Giora Griffel and Amos A Hardy, Coupled Mode Formulation for Directional Coupler with Longitudinal Perturbation, IEEE J Quantum Electron, 27 (1991) 985 - 994.
 Ajoy Ghatak and K Thiagarajan, Introduction to Fiber Optics, (Cambridge University Press) 1999.