Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 30184
Effect of Dietary Chromium Yeast on Thigh Meat Quality of Broiler Chicks in Heat Stress Condition
Abstract:This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of different levels of dietary chromium yeast (Cr-yeast) on thigh meat quality of broiler chicks reared under heat stress condition. Two hundred and forty Ross male chickens in heat stress condition (33±3°C) were allocated to five treatments in a completely randomized design. Treatments were supplemented with 0 (control), 200, 400, 800 and 1200 μg kg-1 Cr in the form of Cr yeast. Twelve chicks from each treatment were slaughtered at 42 d, to evaluate moisture, protein, lipid, pH and lipid oxidation of thigh meat. Protein, moisture, lipid and pH of thigh meat were not affected by supplemental Cr. Thigh meat lipid tended to decrease in broilers received 1200 μg kg-1. Storage time increased lipid oxidation of meat (P<0.01). Lipid oxidation of thigh muscle for two days of storage were affected by supplemental Cr and decreased (P<0.05). Results of this study showed that dietary Cr-yeast supplementation improved the thigh meat quality of broiler chicks in heat stress condition.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1078382Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1898
 M. O. Smith, and G. Teeter, "Influence of feed intake and ambient temperature stress on the relative yield of broiler parts," Nutr. Reports Int., vol. 35, pp. 299-306, 1987.
 M. A. R. Howlinder, and S. P. Rose, "Rearing temperature and the meat yield of broilers," Br. Poult. Sci., vol. 30, pp. 61-67, 1989.
 M. Aksit, S. Yalcin, S. Ozkan, K. Metin and D. Ozdemir, "Effects of temperature during rearing and crating on stress parameters and meat quality of broilers," Poult. Sci., vol. 85, pp. 1867-1874, 2006.
 S. Yalcin, A. Onenc, S. Ozkan, H. C. Guler and P. B. Siegel, "Meat quality of heat stressed broilers: Effects of thermal conditioning at preand -postnatal stages," in: Proc. 17th European Symposium. Quality of Poultry Meat, The Netherlands, 2005, pp. 265.
 R. Yunis, and A. Cahaner, "The effects of naked neck (Na) and frizzle (F) genes on growth and meat yields of broilers and their interactions with ambient temperatures and potential growth rate," Poult. Sci., vol. 78, pp. 1347-1352, 1999.
 National Research Council, The Role of Chromium in Animal Nutrition. National Academy Press, CA: Washington, DC, 1997.
 R. A. Anderson, and A. S. Kozlovsky, "Chromium intake, absorption and excretion of subjects consuming self-selected diets," Am. J. Clin. Nutr., vol. 41, pp. 1777, 1985.
 M. F. McCarty, "Homologous physiological effects of phenformin and chromium picolinate," Medical Hypotheses., vol. 41, pp. 316-324, 1993.
 H. Ohba, Y. Suzuki and H. Ohba, "Enhancement of ribonucleic acid synthesis by chromium (III)-bound chromatin," J. Inorg. Biochem., vol. 27, pp. 179-188, 1986.
 J. S. Borel, T. C. Majerus, M. M. Polansky, P. B. Mozer and R. A. Anderson, "Chromium intake and urinary Cr excretion of trauma patients," Biol. Trace. Element Res., vol. 6, pp. 317-326, 1984.
 R. A. Anderson, N. A. Bryden, M. M. Polansky, and P. A. Deuster, "Exercise effects on chromium excretion of trained and untrained men consuming a constant diet," J. Appl. Physiol., vol. 64, pp. 249-252, 1988.
 J. L. Amatya, S. Haldar and K. Ghosh, "Effect of chromium supplementation from inorganic and organic sources on nutrient utilization, mineral metabolism and meat quality in broiler chicks exposed to natural heat stress," Anim. Sci., vol. 97, pp. 241-253, 2004.
 S. Samanta, S. Haldar, V. Bahadur and T. K. Ghosh, "Chromium picolinate can ameliorate the negative effects of heat stress and enhance performance, carcass and meat traits in broiler chickens by reducing the circulatory cortisol level," J. Sci. Food Agric., vol. 88, pp. 787-796, 2008.
 T. L. Ward, L. L. Southern and S. L. Boleman, "Effect of dietary chromium picolinate on growth, nitrogen balance and body composition of growing broiler chicks," Poult. Sci., vol. 72 (supp. 1): 37(Abstr.). 1993.
 B. Debski, W. Zalewski, M. A. Gralak and T. Kosla, "Chromium yeast supplementation of broilers in an industrial farming system," J. Trace Element Medicine Biol., vol. 18, pp. 47-51, 2004.
 K. Sahin, N. Sahin, M. Onderci, F. Gursu and G. Cikim, "Optimal dietary concentration of chromium for alleviating the effect of heat stress on growth, carcass qualities and some serum metabolites of broiler chickens," Biol. Trace Element Res., vol. 89, pp. 53-64, 2002.
 National Research Council, Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th rev. ed. National Academy Press, CA: Washington, DC, 1994.
 AOAC, Official Methods of Analysis. 15th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, CA: Arlington, Virginia. 1990.
 H. Korkeala, O. Maki-Petais, T. Alanko and O. Sorvettula, "Determination of pH in meat," Meat. Sci., vol. 18, pp. 21-125, 1986.
 E. D. Strange, R. C. Benedict, J. L. Smith and C. E. Swift, "Evaluation of rapid tests for monitoring alterations in meat quality during storage," I. Intact meat. J. Food Protec., vol. 40, pp. 843-847, 1977.
 SAS Institute Inc, SAS/STAT User's Guide: Version 6.06th ed. SAS Institute Inc, Cary, CA: North Carolina, 1997.
 K. W. Mooney, and G. L. Cromwel, "Efficacy of chromium picolinate and chromium chloride as potential carcass modifiers in swine," J. Anim. Sci., vol. 75, pp. 2661-2671, 1997.
 Y. H. Kim, I. K. Han, Y. J. Choi, I. S. Shin, B. J. Chae and T. H. Kang, "Effects of dietary levels of chromium picolinate on growth performance carcass quality and serum traits in broiler chicks," Asian-Aust J. Anim. Sci., vol. 9, pp. 341-347, 1996.
 J. K. Min, W. Y. Kim, B. J. Chae, I. B. Chung, I. S. Shin, Y. J. Choi and K. Han, "Effect of chromium picolinate on growth performance, carcass characteristics and serum traits in growing-finishing pigs," Asian-Aust J. Anim. Sci., vol. 10, pp. 8-14, 1997.
 B. Lambert, and C. Jacquemin, "Inhibition of epinephrine induced lipolysis in isolated white adipocytes of aging rabbits by increased alpha-adrenergic responsiveness," J. Lipid Res., vol. 20, pp. 208-216, 1979.
 M. Sakhari, M. K. Jeacock and D. A. Shepherd, "Regulation of intracellular protein degradation in the isolated perfused liver of the chicken (Gallus domesticus)," Comp. Biochem. Physiol., vol. 101, pp. 17-21, 1992.
 M. J. Duclos, B. Chevalier, C. Goddard and J. Simon, "Regulation of amino acid transport and protein metabolism in myotubes derived from chicken muscle satellite cells by insulin-like growth factor-I," J. Cell Physiol., vol. 157, pp. 650-657, 1993.
 K. Bigot, M. Taouis and S. Tesseraund, "Refeeding and insulin regulate S6K1 activity in chicken skeletal muscles," J. Nutr., vol. 133, pp. 369- 373, 2003.
 T. G. Page, L. L. Southern, T. L. Ward and D. L. Thompson, "Effect of chromium picolinate on growth and serum and carcass traits of growingfinishing pigs," J. Anim. Sci., vol. 71, pp. 65, 1993.
 J. O. Matthews, A. C. Guzik, F. M. Le Mieux, L. L. Southern and T. D. Bidner, "Effects of chromium propionate on growth, carcass traits, and pork quality of growing-finishing pigs," J. Anim. Sci., vol. 83, pp. 858- 862, 2005.
 J. O. Matthews, A. D. Higbie, L. L. Southern, D. F. Coombs, T. D. Bidner and R. L. Odgaard, "Effect of chromium propionate and metabolizable energy on growth, carcass traits, and pork quality of growing-finishing pigs," J. Anim. Sci., vol. 81, pp. 191-196, 2003.
 D. J. Buckley, P. A. Morrissey and J. I. Gray, "Influence of dietary vitamin E on the oxidative stability and quality of pig meat," J. Anim. Sci., vol. 73, pp. 3122-3130, 1995.
 C. Lauridsen, D. J. Buckley and P. A. Morrissey, "Influence of dietary fat and vitamin E supplementation on a-tocopherol levels and fatty acid profiles in chicken muscle membranal fractions and on susceptibility to lipid peroxidation," Meat Sci., vol. 46, pp. 9-22, 1997.
 W. Mertz, "Chromium in human nutrition: A review," J. Nutr., vol. 123, pp. 626-633, 1993.
 D. D. Gallaher, A. S. Csallany, D. W. Shoeman and J. M. Olson, "Diabetes increases excretion of urinary malondehyde conjugates in rats," Lipids, vol. 28, pp. 663-666, 1993.
 H. G. Preuss, P. L. Grojec, S. Lieberman and R. A. Anderson, "Effects of different chromium compounds on blood pressure and lipid peroxidation in spontaneously hypertensive rats," Clin. Nephrol., vol. 47, pp. 325-330, 1997.
 K. C. Klasing, Comparative Avian Nutrition. University Press, CA: Cambridge, pp. 277-299, 1993.
 K. Sahin, N. Sahin and O. Kucuka, "Effects of chromium and ascorbic acid supplementation on growth, carcass traits, serum metabolites, and antioxidant status of broiler chickens reared at a high ambient temperature," Nutr. Res., vol. 23, pp. 225-238, 2003.
 R. A. Anderson, A. M. Roussel, N. Zouari, S. Majhoub, J. M. Matheau and A. Kerkeni, "Potential antioxidant effects of zinc and chromium supplementation in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus," J. Am. College Nutr., vol. 20, pp. 212-218, 2001.
 N. Sahin, K. Sahin, M. Onderci, M. Ozcelik and M. O. Smith, "In vivo antioxidant properties of vitamin E and chromium in cold-stress Japanese quails," Arch. Anim. Nutr., vol. 57, pp. 207-215, 2003.