A Refined Energy-Based Model for Friction-Stir Welding
Friction-stir welding has received a huge interest in the last few years. The many advantages of this promising process have led researchers to present different theoretical and experimental explanation of the process. The way to quantitatively and qualitatively control the different parameters of the friction-stir welding process has not been paved. In this study, a refined energybased model that estimates the energy generated due to friction and plastic deformation is presented. The effect of the plastic deformation at low energy levels is significant and hence a scale factor is introduced to control its effect. The predicted heat energy and the obtained maximum temperature using our model are compared to the theoretical and experimental results available in the literature and a good agreement is obtained. The model is applied to AA6000 and AA7000 series.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1077641Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1420
 W. M Thomas, "Friction Stir Butt Welding", International Patent Application PCT/GB92, Patent Application GB125978.8, 1991.
 The Welding Institute Website: www.twi.co.uk
 P. Heurtier, M. J. Jones, C. Desrayaud, J. H. Driver, F. Fontheillet, and D. Allehaux, "Mechanical and Thermal Modeling of Friction Stir Welding", Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 171, pp. 348-357, 2006.
 R. S. Mishra, and Z. Y. Ma, "Friction Stir Welding and Processing", Materials Sciences and Engineering, R 50, pp. 1-78, 2005.
 G. J. Bendzsak, T. H. North, and C. B. Smith, "An Experimentally 3D Model for Friction Stir Welding", 2nd International Symposium ÔÇÿFriction Stir Welding-, TWI Ltd., Gothenburg, Sweden, 2000.
 Askari, S. Silling, B. London, and M. Mahoney, "Modeling and Analysis of Friction Stir Welding Processing", K. V. Jata, et al. (Eds.), Friction Stir Welding and Processing, TMS, Warrendale, PA, pp. 43-54, 2001.
 P. Heurtier, C. Desrayaud, and F. Montheillet, "A Thermomechanical Analysis of the Friction Stir Welding Process", Materials Science Forum, Trans. Tech. Publications, Switzerland, pp. 1537-1542, 2002.
 S. Xu and X. Deng, "Two and Three Dimensional Finite Element Models for the Friction Stir Welding Process", 4th Int. Symp. On Friction Stir Welding, TWI Ltd., Park City, Utah, USA, 2003.
 P. Dong, F. Lu, J.K. Hong, and Z. Cao, "Coupled Thermomechanical Analysis of the Friction Stir welding Process using Simplified Models", Science Technology Welding and Joining, Vol. 6, pp. 281-287, 2001.
 P. Ulysse, "Three-Dimensional Modeling of Friction Stir Welding Process", International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Vol. 42, pp. 1549-1557, 2002.
 F. Palm, U. Hennebohle, V. Erofeev, E. Earpuchin, and O. Zaitzev, "Improved Verification of FSW-Process Modeling relating to the Origin of Material Plasticity", 4th Int. Symp. On Friction Stir Welding, TWI Ltd., Metz, France, 2004.
 Hamilton, S. Dymek, and A. Sommers, "A Thermal Model of Friction Stir Welding in Aluminum Alloys", International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Vol. 48, pp. 1120-1130, 2008.
 O. Frigaard, O. Grong, and O. T. Milding, "Modeling of Heat Flow Phenomena in Friction Stir Welding of Aluminum Alloys", Proceedings of the 7th International Conference in Joints in Aluminum, Vol. S16, 1998.
 P. A. Colgrove, and H. R. Shercliff, "Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Aluminum Alloy 7075-T7351 Friction Stir Welds", Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, Vol. 8, pp. 360-368, 2003.
 M. Z. Khandkar, J. A. Khan, and A. P. Reynolds, "Prediction to Temperature Distribution and thermal History during Friction Stir Welding: Input Torque based Model", Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, Vol. 8, pp. 165-174, 2003.
 P. A. Colgrove and H. R. Shercliff, "Three-Dimensional CFD Modeling of Flow around a Threaded Friction Stir Welding Tool Profile", Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 169, pp. 320-327, 2005 eted from the biography.