Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 31824
The Prospects and Challenges of Open Learning and Distance Education in Malawi
Authors: Andrew Chimpololo
Abstract:Open and distance learning is a fairly new concept in Malawi. The major public provider, the Malawi College of Distance Education, rolled out its activities only about 40 years ago. Over the years, the demand for distance education has tremendously increased. The present government has displayed positive political will to uplift ODL as outlined in the Malawi Growth and Development Strategy as well as the National Education Sector Plan. A growing national interest in education coupled with political stability and a booming ICT industry also raise hope for success. However, a fragile economy with a GNI per capita of -US$ 200 over the last decade, poor public funding, erratic power supply and lack of expertise put strain on efforts towards the promotion of ODL initiatives. Despite the challenges, the nation appears determined to go flat out and explore all possible avenues that could revolutionise education access and equity through ODL.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1077587Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 3501
 R. De Cassia Veiga Marriot & L. P. Torres, Handbook of research on elearning methodologies for language acquisition. Pennsylvania: Information Science Reference, 2008.
 K. Widdowson, "Open learning: An alternative approach to the delivering of training," in Open Learning and New Technology: Conference proceedings, R. Atkinson and C. McBeath, Eds. Perth: Australian Society for Educational Technology WA Chapter, pp. 347- 355.
 G. Greenberg, "Distance education technologies: Best practices for K1 - 12 settings," IEEE Technologies and Society Magazine (Winter), vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 36-40, 1998.
 International Council for Distance Education (2010). "Definition of open educational practices". Available: http://www.icde.org/en/resources/open_educational_quality_inititiative/ definition_of_open_educational_practices/.
 M. G. Moore & G. Kearsley, Distance education: A systems view, 2nd ed. Belmont, CA: Wardsworth, 2005.
 R. Siaciwena, "Open schooling: Issues and challenges," presented at the Pan-Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning, Round Table Session on Sectoral Development Issues, Brunei Darussalam, Vancouver, Canada, March 1 - 5, 1999.
 D. Valentine. (2002). Distance Learning: Promises, Problems, and Possibilities. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration. 5(3). Available http://www.westga.edu/~distance/ojdla/fall53/valentine53.html.
 C. F. Laymaman, "Malawi College of Distance Education to move to resource-based open learning," presented at the Pan-Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning, Brunei Darussalam, Vancouver, Canada, March 1 - 5, 1999.
 Malawi Government, Malawi Growth and Development Strategy (2006 - 2011). Lilongwe: Malawi Government, 2006.
 Ministry of Education, Science and technology, National Education Sector Plan (2008 - 2017), A statement. Lilongwe: Malawi Government, 2008.
 B. A. Ojo, "E-learning and the global divide: The challenges facing distance education in Africa," Turkish Journal of Distance education, vol. 30, no 3, pp. 6 -79, 2009.