Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32128
Seismic Control of Tall Building Using a New Optimum Controller Based on GA

Authors: A. Shayeghi, H. Eimani Kalasar, H. Shayeghi


This paper emphasizes on the application of genetic algorithm (GA) to optimize the parameters of the TMD for achieving the best results in the reduction of the building response under earthquake excitations. The Integral of the Time multiplied Absolute value of the Error (ITAE) based on relative displacement of all floors in the building is taken as a performance index of the optimization criterion. The problem of robustly TMD controller design is formatted as an optimization problem based on the ITAE performance index to be solved using GA that has a story ability to find the most optimistic results. An 11–story realistic building, located in the city of Rasht, Iran is considered as a test system to demonstrate effectiveness of the proposed GA based TMD (GATMD) controller without specifying which mode should be controlled. The results of the proposed GATMD controller are compared with the uncontrolled structure through timedomain simulation and some performance indices. The results analysis reveals that the designed GA based TMD controller has an excellent capability in reduction of the seismically excited example building and the ITAE performance, that is so for remains as unknown, can be introduced a new criteria - method for structural dynamic design.

Keywords: Tuned Mass Damper, Genetic Algorithm, TallBuildings, Structural Dynamics.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1675


[1] T.K. Datta, Control of dynamic response of structures. Proc. of the Indo-US Symposium on Emerging Trends in Vibration and Noise Engineering, 1996, pp.18-20.
[2] R. Randa, T.T. Soong, Parametric study and simplified design of mass dampers. Engineering Structures, Vol. 20, No. 3, 1998, pp. 193 -204.
[3] M. Aldawod, B. Samali, F. Naghady, CS. Kwok Kenny, Active control of along wind response of tall building using a fuzzy controller, Engineering Structures, Vol. 23, 2001, pp. 1512 - 1522.
[4] T.T. Soong, R. Hanson, Recent developments in active and hybrid control research in US. Proc. of the Int. Workshop on Structural Control, 1993, pp.483-490
[5] S. Sarbjeet, TK. Datt, Open closed loop linear control of building frames under seismic excitation, J. Structure Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 124, No. 1, 1998, pp. 43-51.
[6] W. M. Jenkins, Towards structural optimization via the genetic algorithm, Engineering Structures, Vol. 19, No. 4, 1997, pp. 302-308.
[7] A. Kareem, S. Kline, Performance of multiple tuned mass dampers under random loading, J. of Structure Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 121, No. 2, 1995, pp. 348-361.
[8] F. Sadek, B. Mohraj, A.W. Taylor, R.M. Chung, A method of estimating the parameters of tuned mass dampers for seismic application. Earthquake Engineering and Structure Dynamics, Vol. 26, 1997, pp. 617-635.
[9] J.N. Yang, Recent advances in active control of civil engineering structures. Engineering Mechanics, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1988.
[10] B. Samali, M. Al-Dawod, Performance of a five-storey benchmark model using an active tuned mass damper and a fuzzy controller. Int. J. Structure Engineering, Vol. 25, 2003, pp. 1597-1610.
[11] Q.P. Ha, Active structural control using dynamic out put feed back sliding mode. Proc. of the 2001 Australian Conf. on Robotics and Automation, Sydney, 2001, pp. 14-15.
[12] MD. Symans, W. Kelly, Fuzzy logic control of bridge structures using intelligent semi-active seismic isolation systems, Earthquake Engineering and Structure Dynamics, Vol. 28, 1999, pp. 37-60.
[13] S. Sarbjeet, TK. Datta, Nonlinear sliding mode control of seismic response of building frames, J. Engineering Mechanics, ASCE, Vol. 126, No. 6, 2000, pp. 340-347.
[14] M.N. Hadi, Y. Arfiadi, Optimum design of absorber for MDOF structure, J. Structure Engineering,, Vol. 124, No. 11, 1999, pp. 1272- 1279.
[15] S. Pourzeynali, H.H. Lavasani, A.H. Modarayi, Active control of high rise building structures using fuzzy logic and genetic, J. Structure Engineering, Vol. 29, 2007, pp. 346-357.
[16] M.N. Hadi, Y.Arfiadi, Optimum direct (static) output feedback controller using real coded genetic algorithm, Computers and Structures, Vol. 79, 2001, pp. 1625-1634.
[17] H. Shayeghi, H. Eimani, H.A. Shayanfar, A. Shayeghi, PSO based TMD design for vibration control of tall building structures , Proc. of the Int. Conf. on Artificial Intelligence (ICAI 09), Las Vegas, U.S.A., 2009.
[18] RW. Clough, J. Penzien, Dynamics of structures, 2nd ed., New York, Mc Graw- Hill, 1993.
[19] M. Abdullah, A. Richardson, Placement of sensor/actuators on civil structures using genetic algorithms, Earthquake Engineering and Structure Dynamics, 2001,pp. 1167-1184.
[20] F. Amini, A. Maleki, F. Danesh, Optimization of active control of structures by pole assignment method using genetic algorithm. J. Engineering, Vol.2, No.3, 2009, pp. 19-42.
[21] K. Kanai, An empirical formula for the spectrum of strong earthquake motions, Bulletin Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Vol. 39, 1961, pp. 85-95.
[22], MATLAB software, 2008.
[23] H. Shayeghi, H. A. Shayanfar, A. Jalili, Multi stage fuzzy PID power system automatic generation controller in deregulated environments, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 47,2006,pp. 2829-2845.
[24] H. Shayeghi, H. A. Shayanfar, A. Jalili, A robust modified GA based Multi stage fuzzy LFC, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 48, pp. 1656-1670, 2008.