Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30184
A Case Study of Applying Virtual Prototyping in Construction

Authors: Stephen C. W. Kong

Abstract:

The use of 3D computer-aided design (CAD) models to support construction project planning has been increasing in the previous year. 3D CAD models reveal more planning ideas by visually showing the construction site environment in different stages of the construction process. Using 3D CAD models together with scheduling software to prepare construction plan can identify errors in process sequence and spatial arrangement, which is vital to the success of a construction project. A number of 4D (3D plus time) CAD tools has been developed and utilized in different construction projects due to the awareness of their importance. Virtual prototyping extends the idea of 4D CAD by integrating more features for simulating real construction process. Virtual prototyping originates from the manufacturing industry where production of products such as cars and airplanes are virtually simulated in computer before they are built in the factory. Virtual prototyping integrates 3D CAD, simulation engine, analysis tools (like structural analysis and collision detection), and knowledgebase to streamline the whole product design and production process. In this paper, we present the application of a virtual prototyping software which has been used in a few construction projects in Hong Kong to support construction project planning. Specifically, the paper presents an implementation of virtual prototyping in a residential building project in Hong Kong. The applicability, difficulties and benefits of construction virtual prototyping are examined based on this project.

Keywords: construction project planning, prefabrication, simulation, virtual prototyping.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1075958

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2236

References:


[1] Waly, A.F. and Thabet, W.Y. (2002), A Virtual Construction Environment for preconstruction planning, Automation in Construction, 12, pp.139-154.
[2] Jaafari, A., Manivong, K.K. and Chaaya, M. (2001), VIRCON: Interactive System for Teaching Construction Management" Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 127, pp. 66-75.
[3] Koo, B., and Fischer, M. (2000), Feasibility Study of 4D CAD in Commercial Construction, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 126(4), pp.251-260.
[4] Goldberg, H.E. (2004), Is BIM the future for AEC design? AEC From the Ground Up: The Building Information Model. http://aec.cadalyst.com/aec/article/articleDetail.jsp?id=133495
[5] Jim, B. (2004), Digital Manufacturing - The PLM Approach to Better Manufacturing Processes. http://www.aberdeen.com/c/report/tech_clarity/Digital_Manufacturing.p df
[6] McKinney, K., and Fischer, M. (1997), 4D analysis of temporary support, Proceedings of 1997 4th Congress on Computing in Civil Engineering, ASCE, New York, 470-476.
[7] Shen, Q., Gausemeier, J., Bauch, J., and Radkowski, R. (2005), A cooperative virtual prototyping system for mechatronic solution elements based assembly, Advanced Engineering Informatics, 19, pp.169-177.
[8] Xiang, W., Fok, S.C., and Thimm, G. (2004), Agent-based composable simulation for virtual prototyping of fluid power system, Computers in Industry, 54, pp.237-251.
[9] Pratt, M.J. (1995), Virtual prototyping and product models in mechanical engineering, Virtual prototyping- virtual environments and the product design process. London: Chapman and Hall; 1995; p.113-128.
[10] Choi, S.H., and Chan, A.M.M. (2004), A virtual prototyping system for rapid product development, Computer-Aided Design, 36, pp.401-412.
[11] Kunz, J. and Fischer M. (2005), Virtual Design and Construction: Themes, Case Studies and Implementation Suggestions, CIFE Working Paper #097, http://www.stanford.edu/group/CIFE/Publications/index.html
[12] Yerrapathruni, S., Messner, J.I., Baratta, A.J., and Horman, M.J. (2005), Using 4D CAD and Immersive Virtual Environments to Improve Construction Planning, CIC Technical Reports in Penn State #45, http://www.engr.psu.edu/ae/cic/publications/TechReports/TR_045_Yerr apathruni_2003_Using_4D_CAD_and_Immersive_Virtual_Environment s.pdf