Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32468
Assessment of Vulnerability Curves Using Vulnerability Index Method for Reinforced Concrete Structures

Authors: F. I. Belheouane, M. Bensaibi


The seismic feedback experiences in Algeria have shown higher percentage of damages for non-code conforming reinforced concrete (RC) buildings. Furthermore, the vulnerability of these buildings was further aggravated due to presence of many factors (e.g. weak the seismic capacity of these buildings, shorts columns, Pounding effect, etc.). Consequently Seismic risk assessments were carried out on populations of buildings to identify the buildings most likely to undergo losses during an earthquake. The results of such studies are important in the mitigation of losses under future seismic events as they allow strengthening intervention and disaster management plans to be drawn up. Within this paper, the state of the existing structures is assessed using "the vulnerability index" method. This method allows the classification of RC constructions taking into account both, structural and non structural parameters, considered to be ones of the main parameters governing the vulnerability of the structure. Based on seismic feedback from past earthquakes DPM (damage probability matrices) were developed too.

Keywords: Seismic vulnerability, Reinforced concrete buildings, Earthquake, DPM, Algeria.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2809


[1] RPA88, Règlement parasismique Algérien, Centre National de Recherche en Génie Parasismique, Algiers, 1988.
[2] RPA99, Règlement parasismique Algérien, Centre National de Recherche en Génie Parasismique, Algiers, 1999.
[3] F I Belheouane and M Bensaibi, "Seismic vulnerability index for reinforced concrete construction in Algeria", Advanced Science Letter, Vol. 13, 2012, pp. 364-368.
[4] F I Belheouane and M Bensaibi, "Evaluation of the vulnerability index for reinforced concrete construction in Algeria under seismic action", International Journal of Advances and Trends in Engineering Materials and their Applications (IJATEMA), Vol. 1, No 1, 2012, pp 101 - 106.
[5] G Orsini, "A model for buildings- vulnerability assessment using the parameter less scale of seismic intensity (PSI)", Earthquake Spectra, Vol. 15, No 3, 1999, pp 463-483.
[6] T Rossetto And A. Elnashai, "Derivation of vulnerability functions for European-type RC structures based on observational data", Engineering Structure, Vol. 25, No 10, 2003, pp1241- 1263.
[7] M Shinozuka, Q Feng, J Lee And T Naganuma, "Statistical analysis of fragility curves", ASCE Journal Engineering, Vol. 126, No 12, March 2000, pp 1224-1231.
[8] ATC. Earthquake damage evaluation data for California. ATC-13 report, Redwood City, Applied Technology Council, California, 1985.
[9] K M Mosalam, G Ayala, R N White AND C Roth, "Seismic Fragility Of LRC Frames with and without masonry infill walls", Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 1, No 4, 1997, pp 693-720.
[10] A M Reinhorn, R Barron-Corvera AND A G Ayala, "Spectral evaluation of seismic fragility of structures", Structural safety and reliability, ICOSSAR 2001, 2001.
[11] M K Chryssanthopoulos, C Dymiotis And A J, Kappos, "Probabilistic evaluation of behaviour factors in EC8-designed R/C frame"s. Engineering Structure, Vol. 22, No 8, 2000, pp 1028-1041.
[12] O C Celik And B R Ellingwood, "Seismic risk assessment of gravity load designed reinforced concrete frames subjected to Mid-America ground motions." ASCE Journal of Structure Engineering, Vol. 135, No 4, 2009, pp 414-424.
[13] B R Ellingwood, O C Celik And K Kinali, "Fragility assessment of building structural systems in Mid America", Earthquake Engineering Structure Dynamic, Vol. 36, No 13, 2007, pp1935-1952.
[14] T Rossetto And A Elnashai, "A new analytical procedure for the derivation of displacement-based vulnerability curves for populations of RC structures", Engineering Structure , Vol. 27, No 3, 2005, pp397-409.
[15] A Kappos, K Pitilakis, K Stylianidis, K Morfidis And D Asimakopoulos, "Cost-benefit analysis for the seismic rehabilitation of buildings in Thessaloniki, based on a hybrid method of vulnerability assessment". Proceedings of the fifth international conference on seismic zonation, pp 406-413, 1995.
[16] P Rajeev And S Tesfamariam, "Seismic fragilities for reinforced concrete buildings with consideration of irregularities", Structural Safety, No39, 2012, pp. 1-13
[17] FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency). HAZUS-MH MR3 technical manual, Washington, DC FEMA, 2003.
[18] S L Dimova And P Negro, "Assessment of seismic fragility of structures with consideration of the quality of construction". Earthquake Spectra, Vol 22, No 4, 2006, pp 909-936.
[19] M A ERBERIK, "Generation of fragility curves for Turkish masonry buildings considering in-plane failure modes". Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 37, No 3, 2007, pp 387-405.
[20] A J, Kappos, G Panagopoulos, "Fragility curves for reinforced concrete buildings in Greece", Structural Infrastructure Engineering, Vol. 6, No 1, 2010, pp 39-53.
[21] D N Lagaros, "Life-cycle cost analysis of design practices for RC framed structures". Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 5, 2007, pp 425-42.
[22] N D LAGAROS, "Probabilistic fragility analysis: a tool for assessing design rules of RC buildings". Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration, Vol. 7, No 1, 2008, pp 45-56.
[23] S Tesfamariam And M Saatcioglu, "Risk-based seismic evaluation of reinforced concrete buildings". Earthquake Spectra, Vol. 24, No 3, 2008, pp 795-821.
[24] S Tesfamariam And M Saatcioglu, "Seismic vulnerability assessment of reinforced concrete buildings using hierarchical fuzzy rule base modeling", Earthquake Spectra, Vol. 26, No 1, 2010, pp 235-56.
[25] RPA99 V.2003, Règlement parasismique Algérien, Centre National de Recherche en Génie Parasismique, Algiers, 2003.
[26] F I Belheouane and M Bensaibi, "Evaluation de l-indice sismique des structures en béton armé, Cas d-étude : structures en béton armé en Algérie ", 8ème Colloque National AFPS 2011 ,Paris, France, 06-08 Séptembre 2011
[27] F I Belheouane and M Bensaibi, F. Djaalali., "Seismic Vulnerability Index for Reinforced concrete construction", 7th national Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Istanbul, Turkey, 30 Mai-3 June 2011. pp86
[28] F I Belheouane and M Bensaibi, "Evaluation of the Vulnerability Index for Reinforced Concrete Constructions in Algeria", Seventh International conference on Advances and Trends in Engineering Materials and their Applications, AES-ATEMA , Milan, Italy, 04-08 July 2011 PP113-118
[29] D Benedetti, G Benzoni And M A Andparisi, (), "Seismic vulnerability and risk evaluation for old urban nuclei", Earthquake Engineering and Structure Dynamic, 1988, Vol. 16, pp 183-201.
[30] F. Yépez, A H. Barbat And J A. Canas., "A Method to Perform Computer Simulations of Damage in Buildings for Seismic Risk Evaluation", Technical University of Catalonia, Spain, 1996.
[31] S. Giovinazzi And Lagomarsino S., "Seismic risk analysis: a method for the vulnerability analysis of built-up areas", European Safety and Reliability Conf. ESREL, Maastricht, The Netherlands. June 2003.
[32] S. Lagomarsino And S. Podestà, "Seismic vulnerability of ancient churches. Part 2: statistical analysis of surveyed data and methods for risk analysis", Earthquake Spectra, 2004, vol 20, no2, pp395-412.
[33] S. Lagomarsino. And S. Podestà. "Damage and vulnerability assessment of churches after the 2002 Molise, Italy, earthquake". Earthquake Spectra, 2004, vol 20, noS1, pp S271-S283.