Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30855
Experimental Study on the Hysteresis Properties in Operation of Vertical Axis Wind Turbines

Authors: Ching-Huei Lin, Yao-Pang Hsu, M. Z. Dosaev, Yu. D. Selyutskii, L. A. Klimina


Hysteresis phenomenon has been observed in the operations of both horizontal-axis and vertical-axis wind turbines (HAWTs and VAWTs). In this study, wind tunnel experiments were applied to investigate the characters of hysteresis phenomena between the angular speed and the external resistance of electrical loading during the operation of a Darrieus type VAWT. Data of output voltage, output current, angular speed of wind turbine under different wind speeds are measured and analyzed. Results show that the range of external resistance changes with the wind speed. The range decreases as the wind speed increases following an exponential decay form. Experiments also indicate that the maximum output power of wind turbines is always inside the range where hysteresis happened. These results provide an important reference to the design of output control system of wind turbines.

Keywords: angular speed, Hysteresis phenomenon, Range ofexternal resistance

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 2184


[1] G. O. Young, "Synthetic structure of industrial plastics (Book style with paper title and editor)," in Plastics, 2nd ed. vol. 3, J. Peters, Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964, pp. 15-64.
[2] J.G. Leishman, "Challenges in modelling the unsteady aerodynamics of wind turbines," Wind Energy, 2002. Vol.5. pp. 85-132.
[3] Koki Kishinami, Hiroshi Taniguchi, Jun Suzuki, Hiroshi Ibano, Takashi Kazunou, Masato Turuhami, "Theoretical and experimental study on the aerodynamic characteristics of a horizontal axis wind turbine," Energy, Vol. 30. 2005. pp. 2089-2100.
[4] R. Bravo, S. Tullis, S. Ziada, "Performance testing of a small vertical axis wind turbine," in 21st Canadian Congress of Applied Mechanics CANCAM, 2007. pp.470-471.
[5] M.Z. Dosaev., V.A. Samsonov, Yu.D. Seliutski, "On the Dynamics of a Small-Scale Wind Power Generator," Doklady Physics. Vol. 52, No. 9. 2007. pp. 50-55.
[6] M. Z. Dosaev, A. I. Kobrin, Yu. D. Selyutskiy, et al. "On one feature of operating of small wind turbines," Bulletin of Moscow Power Engineering Institute, No.1, 2007. pp. 71-75.
[7] L. Klimina, B. Lokshin, V. Samsonov, "Parametrical Analysis of the behavior of an aerodynamic pendulum with vertical axis of rotation," Modeling, Simulation and Control of Nonlinear Engineering Dynamical Systems. Springer Sciences+Business Media B.V. 2009. pp. 211-220.
[8] M.Z. Dosaev, L. Klimina, B. Lokshin, V. Samsonov, Y. Selyutskiy, S. S. Hwang, Ching-Huei Lin, and Wen-Lung Lu, "Hysteresis Effect in Operation of Small Wind Power Generators," in Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC 2010), 10.1109/APPEEC. 2010.5449013, March, 2010.