The Presence of Enterobacters (E.Coli and Salmonella spp.) in Industrial Growing Poultry in Albania
The development of the poultry industry in Albania is mainly based on the existence of intensive modern farms with huge capacities, which often are mixed with other forms. Colibacillosis is commonly displayed regardless of the type of breeding, delivering high mortality in poultry industry. The mechanisms with which pathogen enterobacters are able to cause the infection in poultry are not yet clear. The routine diagnose in the field, followed by isolation of E. coli and species of Salmonella genres in reference laboratories cannot lead in classification or full recognition of circulative strains in a territory, if it is not performed a differentiation among the present microorganisms in intensive farms and those in rural areas. In this study were isolated 1.496 strains of E. coli and 378 Salmonella spp. This study, presents distribution of poultry pathogenosity of E.coli and Salmonella spp., based on the usage of innovative diagnostic methods.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1075234Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1932
 O. ├çabeli P. 2006. "Familja e Enterobakteriaceve" - Bakteriologjia e Mykologjia Veterinare. pg: 31-41.
 Barnes, H.J. and W.B. Gross, 1997. Colibacillosis. In: Gross, W. B. (Ed.), Diseases of Poultry. Iowa State University Press, Ames Iowa, pp: 131-141.
 Bower, C.K. and M.A. Daeschel, 1999. Resistance Health and Medical Research Council responses of microorganisms in food enviroments. Int. J. Food Microbiol., 50: 33-44.
 Catry, B., H. Laevens, L.A. Devriese, G. Opsomer and A. De Kruif, 2003. Antimicrobial resistance in livestock.J. Vet. Pharmacol. Therapy., 26: 81-93.
 Gould, I.M., 2008. The epidemiology of antibiotic resistance. Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents, doi;10.1016/ j.ijantimicag. (In press, accessed 15 Sept. 2008).
 Randall, L.P., A.M. Ridley, S.W. Cooles, M. Sharma, A.R. Sayers and L. Pumbwe, 2003. Prevalence of multiple antibiotic resistances in 443 Campylobacter spp. isolated from humans and animals. J. Antimicrob. Chemothera, 52: 507-510.
 Bager, F, Madsen, M, Christensen, J, Aarestrup, FM 1997: Avoparcin used as a growth promoter isassociated with the occurrence of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium on Danish poultry and pig farms. Prev Vet Med 31: 95-112
 Van der Bogaard, A.E. and E.E. Stobberingh, 1999. Antibiotic usage in animals: impact on bacterial resistance and public health. Drugs., 58: 589-607.
 De Leener, E., 2005. Comparison of antimicrobial resistance among human and animal enterococci with emphasis on the macrolidelincosamidestreptogramin group. Ph.D. thesis, Ghent University, Belgium.
 Levy, S.B., B. Marshall., S. Schluederberg., D. Rowse and J. Davies, 1988. High frequency of antimicrobial resistance in human fecal flora. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 32: 1801-1806.