Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32722
Physical and Mechanical Properties of Particleboard from Bamboo Waste

Authors: Vanchai Laemlaksakul


This research was to evaluate a technical feasibility of making single-layer experimental particleboard panels from bamboo waste (Dendrocalamus asper Backer) by converting bamboo into strips, which are used to make laminated bamboo furniture. Variable factors were density (600, 700 and 800 kg/m3) and temperature of condition (25, 40 and 55 °C). The experimental panels were tested for their physical and mechanical properties including modulus of elasticity (MOE), modulus of rupture (MOR), internal bonding strength (IB), screw holding strength (SH) and thickness swelling values according to the procedures defined by Japanese Industrial Standard (JIS). The test result of mechanical properties showed that the MOR, MOE and IB values were not in the set criteria, except the MOR values at the density of 700 kg/m3 at 25 °C and at the density of 800 kg/m3 at 25 and 40 °C, the IB values at the density of 600 kg/m3, at 40 °C, and at the density of 800 kg/m3 at 55 °C. The SH values had the test result according to the set standard, except with the density of 600 kg/m3, at 40 and 55 °C. Conclusively, a valuable renewable biomass, bamboo waste could be used to manufacture boards.

Keywords: Particleboard, Urea Formaldehyde Resin, BambooWaste

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 5543


[1] R. M. Rowell, "A new generation of composite materials from agrobased fiber," in Proc. 3rd International Conference on Frontiers of Polymers and Advanced Materials, 1995, pp. 659-665.
[2] D. Wang, and X. S. Sun, "Low density particleboard from wheat straw and corn pith," Industrial Crops and Product, vol. 15, pp. 47-50, 2002.
[3] T. H. Yang, C. J. Lin, S. Y. Wang, and M. J. Tsai, "Characteristics of particleboard made from recycled wood-waste chips impregnated with phenol formaldehyde resin," Building and Environment, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 189-195, 2007.
[4] C. Lykidis, and A. Grigoriou, "Hydrothermal recycling of waste and performance of the recycled wooden particleboards," Waste Management, vol. 28, pp. 57-63, 2008.
[5] J. A. Youngquist, "Wood-based composites and panel products," in Wood Handbook: Wood as an Engineering Material, Gen. Tech. Rept. FPL-GRT-113., USDA Forest Serv., Forest Prod. Lab, Madison, WI, pp. 1-31 (Chapter 10), 1999.
[6] T. Sellers, "Growing markets for engineered products spurs research," Wood Technol., vol. 127, no. 3, pp 40-43, 2000.
[7] S. H. Li, Q. Y. Zeng, Y. L .Xiao, S. Y. Fu, and B. L. Zhou, "Biomimicry of bamboo bast fiber with engineering composite materials," Mater Sci. Eng., vol. 3, pp. 125-130, 1995.
[8] V. Laemlaksakul, and S. Kaewkuekool, "Laminated bamboo materials for furniture - A systematic approach to innovative product design," WSEAS Trans. on Advances in Eng. Education, Issue 5, vol. 3, pp 424- 430, May 2006.
[9] Japanese Industrial Standard Particle Boards (JIS A 5908 1994: Particle Board), 1994.