{"title":"Physical and Mechanical Properties of Particleboard from Bamboo Waste","authors":"Vanchai Laemlaksakul","volume":40,"journal":"International Journal of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering","pagesStart":276,"pagesEnd":281,"ISSN":"1307-6892","URL":"https:\/\/publications.waset.org\/pdf\/10061","abstract":"This research was to evaluate a technical feasibility of\r\nmaking single-layer experimental particleboard panels from bamboo\r\nwaste (Dendrocalamus asper Backer) by converting bamboo into\r\nstrips, which are used to make laminated bamboo furniture. Variable\r\nfactors were density (600, 700 and 800 kg\/m3) and temperature of\r\ncondition (25, 40 and 55 \u00b0C). The experimental panels were tested for\r\ntheir physical and mechanical properties including modulus of\r\nelasticity (MOE), modulus of rupture (MOR), internal bonding\r\nstrength (IB), screw holding strength (SH) and thickness swelling\r\nvalues according to the procedures defined by Japanese Industrial\r\nStandard (JIS). The test result of mechanical properties showed that\r\nthe MOR, MOE and IB values were not in the set criteria, except the\r\nMOR values at the density of 700 kg\/m3 at 25 \u00b0C and at the density\r\nof 800 kg\/m3 at 25 and 40 \u00b0C, the IB values at the density of 600\r\nkg\/m3, at 40 \u00b0C, and at the density of 800 kg\/m3 at 55 \u00b0C. The SH\r\nvalues had the test result according to the set standard, except with\r\nthe density of 600 kg\/m3, at 40 and 55 \u00b0C. Conclusively, a valuable\r\nrenewable biomass, bamboo waste could be used to manufacture\r\nboards.","references":"[1] R. M. Rowell, \"A new generation of composite materials from agrobased\r\nfiber,\" in Proc. 3rd International Conference on Frontiers of\r\nPolymers and Advanced Materials, 1995, pp. 659-665.\r\n[2] D. Wang, and X. S. Sun, \"Low density particleboard from wheat straw\r\nand corn pith,\" Industrial Crops and Product, vol. 15, pp. 47-50, 2002.\r\n[3] T. H. Yang, C. J. Lin, S. Y. Wang, and M. J. Tsai, \"Characteristics of\r\nparticleboard made from recycled wood-waste chips impregnated with\r\nphenol formaldehyde resin,\" Building and Environment, vol. 42, no. 1,\r\npp. 189-195, 2007.\r\n[4] C. Lykidis, and A. Grigoriou, \"Hydrothermal recycling of waste and\r\nperformance of the recycled wooden particleboards,\" Waste\r\nManagement, vol. 28, pp. 57-63, 2008.\r\n[5] J. A. Youngquist, \"Wood-based composites and panel products,\" in\r\nWood Handbook: Wood as an Engineering Material, Gen. Tech. Rept.\r\nFPL-GRT-113., USDA Forest Serv., Forest Prod. Lab, Madison, WI,\r\npp. 1-31 (Chapter 10), 1999.\r\n[6] T. Sellers, \"Growing markets for engineered products spurs research,\"\r\nWood Technol., vol. 127, no. 3, pp 40-43, 2000.\r\n[7] S. H. Li, Q. Y. Zeng, Y. L .Xiao, S. Y. Fu, and B. L. Zhou, \"Biomimicry\r\nof bamboo bast fiber with engineering composite materials,\" Mater Sci.\r\nEng., vol. 3, pp. 125-130, 1995.\r\n[8] V. Laemlaksakul, and S. Kaewkuekool, \"Laminated bamboo materials\r\nfor furniture - A systematic approach to innovative product design,\"\r\nWSEAS Trans. on Advances in Eng. Education, Issue 5, vol. 3, pp 424-\r\n430, May 2006.\r\n[9] Japanese Industrial Standard Particle Boards (JIS A 5908 1994: Particle\r\nBoard), 1994.","publisher":"World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology","index":"Open Science Index 40, 2010"}