The Morphology and Meaning of the Pārs Based on the Linguistic Evolutions and Historical-Mythological Traditions
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The Morphology and Meaning of the Pārs Based on the Linguistic Evolutions and Historical-Mythological Traditions

Authors: Bezad Moeini Sam, Sara Mohammadi Avandi

Abstract:

The morphology of most Persian words goes back to the Indo-European and Indo-Iranian periods. These words show the beliefs and views of the earliest people about their structure. It is also necessary to search for the vocabulary in the Indo-European and Indo-Iranian periods. During recent centuries, comparative linguistics and mythology have facilitated the common Indo-European lexicon to reconstruct. The Persians have been appeared in the Assyrian inscriptions and affected by the Mesopotamians. It is also worth paying attention to the cultural and linguistic exchanges with the Mesopotamian civilizations. This paper aims to show the morphology of Pārsa based on linguistic evolutions and historical-mythological traditions. The method of this study is also to reconstruct both morphology and the earliest form of Persia. Then, it is tried to find the most plausive meaning according to the historical-mythological traditions. In the end, the sickle or scythe is considered the most probable meaning for Pārsa.

Keywords: Pārs, Parsumaš, Perseus, corner, leopard, ax, sickle.

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