3D Modeling Approach for Cultural Heritage Structures: The Case of Virgin of Loreto Chapel in Cusco, Peru
Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32870
3D Modeling Approach for Cultural Heritage Structures: The Case of Virgin of Loreto Chapel in Cusco, Peru

Authors: Rony Reátegui, Cesar Chácara, Benjamin Castañeda, Rafael Aguilar

Abstract:

Nowadays, Heritage Building Information Modeling (HBIM) is considered an efficient tool to represent and manage information of Cultural Heritage (CH). The basis of this tool relies on a 3D model generally obtained from a Cloud-to-BIM procedure. There are different methods to create an HBIM model that goes from manual modeling based on the point cloud to the automatic detection of shapes and the creation of objects. The selection of these methods depends on the desired Level of Development (LOD), Level of Information (LOI), Grade of Generation (GOG) as well as on the availability of commercial software. This paper presents the 3D modeling of a stone masonry chapel using Recap Pro, Revit and Dynamo interface following a three-step methodology. The first step consists of the manual modeling of simple structural (e.g., regular walls, columns, floors, wall openings, etc.) and architectural (e.g., cornices, moldings and other minor details) elements using the point cloud as reference. Then, Dynamo is used for generative modeling of complex structural elements such as vaults, infills and domes. Finally, semantic information (e.g., materials, typology, state of conservation, etc.) and pathologies are added within the HBIM model as text parameters and generic models’ families respectively. The application of this methodology allows the documentation of CH following a relatively simple to apply process that ensures adequate LOD, LOI and GOG levels. In addition, the easy implementation of the method as well as the fact of using only one BIM software with its respective plugin for the scan-to-BIM modeling process means that this methodology can be adopted by a larger number of users with intermediate knowledge and limited resources, since the BIM software used has a free student license.

Keywords: Cloud-to-BIM, cultural heritage, generative modeling, HBIM, parametric modeling, Revit.

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 846

References:


[1] S. H. Khajavi, N. H. Motlagh, A. Jaribion, L. C. Werner, and J. Holmström, ‘Digital twin: vision, benefits, boundaries, and creation for buildings’, IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 147406–147419, 2019.
[2] S. Azhar, ‘Building information modeling (BIM): Trends, benefits, risks, and challenges for the AEC industry’, Leadersh. Manag. Eng., vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 241–252, 2011.
[3] G. Saygi, G. Agugiaro, M. Hamamcıoğlu-Turan, and F. Remondino, ‘Evaluation of GIS and BIM roles for the information management of historical buildings’, ISPRS Ann Photogramm Remote Sens Spat Inf Sci, vol. 2, no. 5/W1, pp. 283–288, 2013.
[4] E. Colucci, V. De Ruvo, A. Lingua, F. Matrone, and G. Rizzo, ‘HBIM-GIS integration: From IFC to cityGML standard for damaged cultural heritage in a multiscale 3D GIS’, Appl. Sci., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 1356, 2020.
[5] S. Bruno, M. De Fino, and F. Fatiguso, ‘Historic Building Information Modelling: performance assessment for diagnosis-aided information modelling and management’, Autom. Constr., vol. 86, pp. 256–276, 2018.
[6] C. Rodríguez-Moreno, J. F. Reinoso-Gordo, E. Rivas-López, A. Gómez-Blanco, F. Ariza-López, and I. Ariza-López, ‘From point cloud to BIM: An integrated workflow for documentation, research and modelling of architectural heritage’, Surv. Rev., vol. 50, no. 360, pp. 212–231, 2018.
[7] L. Barazzetti, F. Banfi, R. Brumana, G. Gusmeroli, M. Previtali, and G. Schiantarelli, ‘Cloud-to-BIM-to-FEM: Structural simulation with accurate historic BIM from laser scans’, Simul. Model. Pract. Theory, vol. 57, pp. 71–87, 2015.
[8] T. Messaoudi, P. Véron, G. Halin, and L. De Luca, ‘An ontological model for the reality-based 3D annotation of heritage building conservation state’, J. Cult. Herit., vol. 29, pp. 100–112, 2018.
[9] C. Chevrier, N. Charbonneau, P. Grussenmeyer, and J.-P. Perrin, ‘Parametric documenting of built heritage: 3D virtual reconstruction of architectural details’, Int. J. Archit. Comput., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 135–150, 2010.
[10] A. Baik, A. Alitany, J. Boehm, and S. Robson, ‘Jeddah Historical Building Information Modelling" JHBIM"–Object Library’, presented at the International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS), 2014.
[11] M. Murphy, E. McGovern, and S. Pavia, ‘Historic Building Information Modelling–Adding intelligence to laser and image based surveys of European classical architecture’, ISPRS J. Photogramm. Remote Sens., vol. 76, pp. 89–102, 2013.
[12] D. Oreni, R. Brumana, S. Della Torre, F. Banfi, and M. Previtali, ‘Survey turned into HBIM: the restoration and the work involved concerning the Basilica di Collemaggio after the earthquake (L’Aquila)’, ISPRS Ann. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spat. Inf. Sci., vol. 2, no. 5, p. 267, 2014.
[13] T. Wu, Y. Lin, M. Hsu, N. Zheng, and W. Chen, ‘Improving Traditional Building Repair Construction Quality using Historic Building Information Modeling Concept’’, Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spat. Inf. Sci., vol. 5, p. W2, 2013.
[14] F. Chiabrando, G. Sammartano, and A. Spanò, ‘Historical buildings models and their handling via 3D survey: from points clouds to user-oriented HBIM.’, Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spat. Inf. Sci., vol. 41, 2016.
[15] F. Banfi, ‘HBIM generation: extending geometric primitives and BIM modelling tools for heritage structures and complex vaulted systems’, 2019, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 139–148.
[16] M. Pepe, D. Costantino, and A. Restuccia Garofalo, ‘An efficient pipeline to obtain 3D model for HBIM and structural analysis purposes from 3D point clouds’, Appl. Sci., vol. 10, no. 4, p. 1235, 2020.
[17] J. Suárez, T. E. Boothby, and J. A. González, ‘Constructive and structural analysis of a Baroque dome in Spain. The encamonada dome’, J. Cult. Herit., vol. 44, pp. 229–238, 2020.
[18] R. Rolin, E. Antaluca, J.-L. Batoz, F. Lamarque, and M. Lejeune, ‘From point cloud data to structural analysis through a geometrical hBIM-oriented model’, J. Comput. Cult. Herit. JOCCH, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 1–26, 2019.
[19] J. E. Nieto-Julián, D. Antón, and J. J. Moyano, ‘Implementation and management of structural deformations into historic building information models’, Int. J. Archit. Herit., vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 1384–1397, 2020.
[20] F. Chiabrando, M. Lo Turco, and F. Rinaudo, ‘Modeling the decay in an HBIM starting from 3D point clouds. A followed approach for cultural heritage knowledge.’, Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spat. Inf. Sci., vol. 42, 2017.
[21] E. Malinverni, F. Mariano, F. Di Stefano, L. Petetta, and F. Onori, ‘Modelling in HBIM to document materials decay by a thematic mapping to manage the cultural heritage: the case of “Chiesa della Pietà” in Fermo.’, Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spat. Inf. Sci., 2019.
[22] A. Barontini, C. Alarcon, H. S. Sousa, D. V. Oliveira, M. G. Masciotta, and M. Azenha, ‘Development and Demonstration of an HBIM Framework for the Preventive Conservation of Cultural Heritage’, Int. J. Archit. Herit., pp. 1–23, 2021.
[23] M. G. Masciotta, M. J. Morais, L. F. Ramos, D. V. Oliveira, L. J. Sanchez-Aparicio, and D. González-Aguilera, ‘A digital-based integrated methodology for the preventive conservation of cultural heritage: the experience of HeritageCare project’, Int. J. Archit. Herit., pp. 1–20, 2019.
[24] P.-A. Jouan and P. Hallot, ‘Digital Twin: A HBIM-based methodology to support preventive conservation of historic assets through heritage significance awareness’, Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sens. Spat. Inf. Sci., vol. 42, no. 2019, pp. 609–615, 2019.
[25] F. Banfi, ‘BIM orientation: grades of generation and information for different type of analysis and management process’, 2017.
[26] F. Banfi, ‘HBIM, 3D drawing and virtual reality for archaeological sites and ancient ruins’, Virtual Archaeol. Rev., vol. 11, no. 23, pp. 16–33, 2020.
[27] Autodesk INC, ‘Dynamo Language Guide’. Accessed: Jul. 27, 2021. (Online). Available: https://dynamobim.org/learn/documentation/
[28] C.R.Kennedy & Company, ‘Leica Cyclone Basic User Manual’. Accessed: Sep. 04, 2021. (Online). Available: https://www.sdm.co.th/pdf/Cyclone%20Basic%20Tutorial.pdf
[29] Agisoft LLC, ‘Agisoft Metashape User Manual’. Accessed: Jul. 27, 2021. (Online). Available: https://www.agisoft.com/pdf/metashape-pro_1_7_en.pdf
[30] Artec 3D, ‘Geomagic Design X User Guide’. Accessed: Jul. 27, 2021. (Online). Available: https://www.engineering.pitt.edu/uploadedFiles/_Content/Sub_Sites/Business/MRW/SCPI/_Library/specs/geomagicdesignx2014userguide.pdf
[31] Robert McNeel & Associates, ‘Rhino 6 User Guide’. Accessed: Jul. 27, 2021. (Online). Available: https://docs.mcneel.com/rhino/6/usersguide/en-us/index.htm
[32] Dassault Systèmes, ‘Introducing Solidworks’. Accessed: Jul. 27, 2021. (Online). Available: https://files.solidworks.com/pdf/introsw.pdf
[33] N. Bruno and R. Roncella, ‘HBIM for conservation: A new proposal for information modeling’, Remote Sens., vol. 11, no. 15, p. 1751, 2019.