Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32601
Time Compression in Engineer-to-Order Industry: A Case Study of a Norwegian Shipbuilding Industry

Authors: Tarek Fatouh, Chehab Elbelehy, Alaa Abdelsalam, Eman Elakkad, Alaa Abdelshafie


This paper aims to explore the possibility of time compression in Engineer to Order production networks. A case study research method is used in a Norwegian shipbuilding project by implementing a value stream mapping lean tool with total cycle time as a unit of analysis. The analysis resulted in demonstrating the time deviations for the planned tasks in one of the processes in the shipbuilding project. So, authors developed a future state map by removing time wastes from value stream process.

Keywords: Engineer to order, total cycle time, value stream mapping, shipbuilding.

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 470


[1] Abdulmalek, F. A., & Rajagopal, J. (2007). Application of VSM to process industry. International Journal of Production Economics, 107(1), 223–236.
[2] Arbulu, R. J., & Tommelein, I. D. (2002). Proceedings of the Tenth Annual Conference on the International Group for Lean Construction (IGLC-10): Value Stream Analysis of Construction Supply Chains: Case Study on Pipe Support Used in Power Plants (pp. 183–195). Gramado, Brazil.
[3] Ballard, H.G., Kim, Y.W., Jang, J.W. and Liu, M. (2007), Roadmap for Lean Implementation at the Project Level, CII Research Report No. 234-11 Construction Industry Institute, The University of Texas, Austin, TX, 409pp.
[4] Diekmann, J.E., Krewedi, M., Balonick, J., Stewart, T. and Won, S. (2004), Application of Lean Manufacturing Principles to Construction, CII Project Report No. 191-11 Construction Industry Institute, The University of Texas, Austin, TX.
[5] Guvåg, B et al. (2012), STX OSV. Supplier Analysis. Report / Møreforsking Molde AS number. 1215. Molde. Møreforsking Molde AS 66 p.
[6] Gosling, J., & Mohamed M. N. (2009). Engineer-to-order supply chain management: A literature review and research agenda. International Journal of Production Economics, 122 (2), 741–754.
[7] Hines, P., & Rich. N. (1997). The seven value stream mapping tools. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 17(1), 46–64.
[8] Hui, L.T. (2004) “Business timeliness: the intersections of strategy and operations management”, International Journal of Operations & production Management, 24:6, 605-624.
[9] Jorgensen, B. and Emmitt, S. (2008), “Lost in transition: the transfer of lean manufacturing to construction”, Engrg, Constr., and Arch. Mgmt, Vol. 15 No. 4, pp. 383-98.
[10] Koskela, L. (1992). Application of the new production philosophy in construction. CIFE technical report 72, Stanford University.
[11] Koskela, L. (2000). An Exploration towards a Production Theory and Itd Application to Construction. Espo.- Technical Research Centre of Finland, VTT Pub.408, 296p.
[12] Mason-Jones, R., & Towill, D. R. (1999). Total cycle time compression and the agile supply chain. International Journal of Production Economics, 62, 61–73.
[13] Rosentrater, K. A., & Balamuralikrishna, R. (2006). Value stream mapping—a tool for engineering and technology education and practice: Proceedings to the 2006 ASEE IL/IN Conference, Fort Wayne, IN, USA, March 31–April 1.
[14] Rother, M., & Shook, J. (1999). Learning to see: Value stream mapping to create value and eliminate MUDA. Cambridge, MA, USA: Lean Enterprise Institute.
[15] Thaís da C.L. Alves Colin Milberg Kenneth D. Walsh, (2012),"Exploring lean construction practice, research, and education", Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, Vol. 19 Iss 5 pp. 512 – 525.
[16] Towill, D. R. (2008). Construction supply chain and the time compression paradigm handbook. 11–10.
[17] Tyagi, S. K., Choudhary, A., Cai, X., & Yang, K. (2014). Value stream mapping to reduce lead-time of a product development process
[18] Norships shipyard (2015). Norship Synergi operating system, retrieved from