Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30982
Analysis of Urban Slum: Case Study of Korail Slum, Dhaka

Authors: Sanjida Ahmed Sinthia

Abstract:

Bangladesh is one of the poorest countries in the world. There are several reasons for this insufficiency and uncontrolled population growth is one of the prime reasons. Others include low economic progress, imbalanced resource management, unemployment and underemployment, urban migration and natural catastrophes etc. As a result, the rate of urban poor is increasing inevitably in every sphere of urban cities in Bangladesh and Dhaka is the most affected one. Besides there is scarcity of urban land, housing, urban infrastructure and amenities which create pressure on urban cities and mostly encroach the open space, wetlands that causes environmental degradation. Government has no or limited control over these due to poor government policy and management, political pressure and lack of resource management. Unfortunately, over centralization and bureaucracy creates unnecessary delay and interruptions in any government initiations. There is also no coordination between government and private sector developer to solve the problem of urban Poor. To understand the problem of these huge populations this paper analyzes one of the single largest slum areas in Dhaka, Korail Slum. The study focuses on socio demographic analysis, morphological pattern and role of different actors responsible for the improvements of the area and recommended some possible steps for determining the potential outcomes.

Keywords: Government policy, Environmental Degradation, physical condition, demographic analysis, housing and land management policy

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 142

References:


[1] Ahmed, B., Hassan Raj, M.R. and Maniruzzaman, D.K.M. (2009) 'Morphological change of dhaka city over a period of 55 years: A case study of two wards', journal of bangladesh institute of planners, vol. 2, no. 2075-9363, pp. 30-38.
[2] BBS- Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (2011, 2001), Bangladesh Population Census 2011, 2001, Dhaka, Ministry of Planning, Gov. of Bangladesh
[3] Begum A.,2007, ‘Urban Housing as an issue of redistribution through planning? The case of Dhaka city’, Social policy and administration, vol. 41, no.4, ISSN-0144-5596, pp. 410-418
[4] Biplob, P., Sarkar, D. C. & Sarkar, R. C., 2011, ‘Assessment of Water Supply and Sanitation Facilities for Korail Slum in Dhaka City’, International Journal of Civil & Environment Engineering, IJCEE-IJENS, Vol. 11, No.5.
[5] Center for urban Studies (CUS), National Institute of Population research and Training (NIPRT) and Measure Evaluation, 2006, ‘Slums of Urban Bangladesh: Mapping and census, 2005’, Bangladesh and Chapel Hill, USA.
[6] Farzana, F., 2004, ‘Shortages of middle-income owner-occupied housing in Dhaka failures of government or market?’, MA Thesis, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
[7] Friedman, L., 2009, ‘A city exploding with climate migrants. Bangladesh and climate migration’, Climate Wire, Environment & Energy (E&E), http://www.eenews.net/public/climatewire/2009/03/16/1
[8] Hammadi, S., 2012, ‘Cleaning Korail’, South Asian Trust, Featured Article, 11 may, 2012. www.himalmag.com/component/content/article/5058-.html.
[9] Habib, E., 2009, ‘The Role of government and NGOs in Slum development: the case of Dhaka city’, Development in Practice, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 259-265.
[10] Hossain, S., 2006, ‘Urban Poverty and adaptations of the poor to Urban life in Dhaka city, Bangladesh’, PhD Thesis, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
[11] Islam, N., 1996, ‘Sustainability issues in urban housing in a low-income country: Bangladesh’, Habitat International, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 377-388.
[12] Islam, S, 2016, ‘A study on land speculation by individual land holders in Dhaka and potential regulatory measures’, Master’s Thesis paper, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology.
[13] Khan, M., 2010, ‘Impact of Climate Change on the Livelihood of the Urban Poor: A case of Dhaka City’, MA Thesis, North South University, Bangladesh.
[14] Mridha, M.K., Hossain, A., Alam, B., Sarkar, B.K., Wahed, T., Khan, R. & Roy, S., 2009, ‘The Perceptions of Community Groups to Improve MNCH in Urban Slums: An Exploratory Case study of Korail Slum in Dhaka’, Report of Manoshi, Working Paper, Series-9, Published by ICDDRB and BRAC.
[15] Mcleod, R. & Team, ACHR, 2008, ‘A conversation about Upgrading at Bang Bua’, Asian Coalition for Housing Rights (ACHR), www.achr.net
[16] Mukhija, V., 2001, ‘Upgrading Housing Settlements in Developing Countries: The Impact of Existing Physical Conditions’, Cities, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 213–222, 2001, www.elsevier.com/locate/cities
[17] Mukhija, V., 2001, ‘Enabling Slum Redevelopment in Mumbai: Policy Paradox in Practice’, Housing Studies, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 213-222, 2001.
[18] Mukhija, V., 2000, ‘Squatters as Developers? Mumbai’s Slum Dwellers aas equity partners in Redevelopment’, PhD in Urban Development and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA.
[19] Mukhija, V., 2002, ‘An Analytical Framework for Urban Upgrading: Property Rights, Property Values and Physical Attributes’, Habitat International, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 553–570, 2002.
[20] Nahiduzzaman, Kh., Md., 2006, ‘Housing the Urban Poor: Planning, Business and politics, A case study of Duaripara Slum, Dhaka City, Bangladesh’, MA Thesis, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway.
[21] Nabi, M., Kamruzzaman, Khalil, W. & Khandokar, F, 2004, ‘Apartment Housing in High Class Residential Areas of Dhaka City: A case study of Dhanmondi, Gulshan and Baridhara’, Jahangirnagar Planning Review ISSN 1728-4198, Vol. 2, pp 33-42.
[22] Operational Context study: An Assessment of Bangladesh Urban Slum situation Report, 2009, DSK-Shiree Project, www.shiree.org.
[23] REHAB (2012), A Comprehensive study on the Real Estate Sector of Bangladesh, July12, 2012.
[24] https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Location-of-Dhaka-Metropolitan-Area-a-in-Bangladesh-and-b-in-Dhaka-City-Corporation_fig1_270157525
[25] Report on Land price Doubled, written by Admin, Newagebd, March, 2010.
[26] Report on Dhaka: Improving the Living Conditions for the Urban Poor, Bangladesh Development Series, Paper-17, World Bank, June 2007.
[27] Report on ‘Housing solutions for the urban poor in Bangladesh’ posted on April 10, 2019, UNDP Bangladesh https://www.bd.undp.org/content/bangladesh/en/home/presscenter/pressreleases/2019/04/07/housing-solutions-for-the-urban-poor-in-bangladesh.html#:~:text=The%20housing%20delivery%20system%20in%20Bangladesh%20consists%20of%201)%20Public,and%2010)%20Homeless%20or%20Pavement
[28] Rubel, Md., 2010, ‘Slums in Dhaka City: Life of Misery’, Featured Article, Posted by admin on 5/17/10.
[29] Sayeda, A., 2009, ‘Behind soaring land Prices’, Daily star Report, [email protected]
[30] Sinthia, S Ahmed, 2013, ‘Sustainable Development of slum prone area of Dhaka city’, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, vol. 7, Issue 75, pp. 1161-1168
[31] Sohail, M. (ed), 2007, ‘Accountability Arrangements to combat Corruption in the Delivery of Infrastructure Services in Bangladesh’, Report of Institute for Development Policy Analysis and Advocacy (IDPAA), Proshika & WEDC, Loughborough University, UK.
[32] Thompson, H., 2009, ‘The reality of life in Mumbai’s Dharavi Slum’, The International Committee of the Fourth International (ICFI), WSWS.org, 13 June, 2009.
[33] United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, World Urbanization Prospects: The 2007 Revision, February 2008, http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/wup2007/2007wup.htm
[34] Usavagovitwong, N. & Posriprasert, P., 2006, ‘Urban Poor Housing development on Bangkok’s waterfront: securing tenure, supporting community process’, Environmental and Urbanization, 2006, Vol. 18, No. 2, pp. 523-536. http://eau.sagepub.com/content/18/2/523.refs.html
[35] Water studio, Field Research, https://www.waterstudio.nl/tag/dhaka/
[36] https://www.dhakatribune.com/bangladesh/dhaka/2017/07/18/korail-slum-courts-respite (29 September 2020).