Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 31108
The Southwestern Bangladesh’s Experience of Tidal River Management: An Analysis of Effectiveness and Challenges

Authors: Md. SajadulAlam, I. Ahmed, A. Naqib Jimmy, M. Haque Munna, N. Ahsan Khan

Abstract:

The construction of coastal polders to reduce salinity ingress at greater Khulna-Jashore region area was initiated in the 1960s by Bangladesh Water Development Board (BWDB). Although successful in a short run the, the Coastal Embankment Project (CEP) and its predecessors are often held accountable for the entire ecological disasters that affected many people. To overcome the water-logging crisis the first Tidal River Management (TRM) at Beel Bhaiana, Bhabodaho was implemented by the affected local people in an unplanned. TRM is an eco-engineering, low cost and participatory approach that utilizes the natural tidal characteristics and the local community’s indigenous knowledge for design and operation of watershed management. But although its outcomes were overwhelming in terms of reducing water-logging, increasing navigability etc. at Beel Bhaina the outcomes of its consequent schemes were debatable. So this study aims to examine the effectiveness and impact of the TRM schemes. Primary data were collected through questionnaire survey, Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and Key Informant Interview (KII) so as to collect mutually complementary quantitative and qualitative information along with extensive literature review. The key aspects that were examined include community participation, community perception on effectiveness and operational challenges.

Keywords: Sustainable, Salinity, livelihood, coastal region, water-logging, shrimp fry collectors

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 146

References:


[1] Amir, S. I. I., (2010). Socio-technical Assessment of Sediment Management Options in Tidal Basins in Southwestern Bangladesh. MSc thesis. Institute of Flood and Water Management, Bangladesh, University of Engineering and Technology. Available in WOTRO library, Irrigation and Water Engineering group, Wageningen University ([email protected]).
[2] Asian Development Bank (ADB). (2007). Performance Evaluation Report: Bangladesh, Khulna-Jashore Drainage Rehabilitation Project, Operations Evaluation Department, Asian Development Bank.
[3] BWDB. (2002). Monitoring and Integration of the Environmental and Socio-economic Impacts of Implementing the Tidal River Management Option to Solve the Problem of Drainage Congestion in KJDRP Area, Final Report, Part C: IWRM Plan, Khulna-Jashore Drainage Rehabilitation Project. ADB Loan No. 1289-BAN (SF). Bangladesh,
[4] BDNews24. (2009). Tidal river plan could allay climate threat in southwesthttps://bdnews24.com/bangladesh/2009/09/06/tidal-river-plan-could-allay-climate-threat-in-southwest.
[5] CEGIS. (2005). Coastal Land Use Zoning in the Southwest: Impact of Sea Level Rise on Landuse Suitability and Adaptation Options. Centre for Environment and Geographic Information Service, Dhaka.
[6] Die, L. (2013) Tidal River Management: Temporary depoldering to mitigate drainage congestion in the southwest delta of Bangladesh M.Sc Thesis, Wageningen University, Netherlands.
[7] Government of the People’s Republic Bangladesh, National Water Policy, Dhaka, 1999.
[8] Government of the People’s Republic Bangladesh (2001), Guidelines for Participatory Water Management, Dhaka
[9] Government of the People’s Republic Bangladesh. (2002), National Water Management Action Plan, Dhaka
[10] IWM: Institute for Water Modeling, Development Design Consultant Ltd. (2010), Feasibility Study and Detailed Engineering Design for Long Term Solution of Drainage Problems in the Bhabodaho Area Dhaka
[11] Kibria, Z. (2011) Climate Change Adaptation and Community Based River Basin Management and in Southwest Coastal Region of Bangladesh, Uttaran, Dhaka.
[12] Mirza, Q.M. and Ericksen, N.J. (1996). Impact of Water Control Projects on Fisheries Resources in Bangladesh. Environmental Management, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 523-539, Bangladesh.
[13] Nishat, A., Nishat, B. and Khan, M. (2010). A Strategic View of Land Management Planning in Bangladesh: in Flood Risk Science and Management. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
[14] Qaium, D. A. A tidal river basin management (TRM) approach for solving water logging problem of some areas in south-western Bangladesh. Water resources planning organization (WARPO), Bangladesh
[15] Rahman, A. (1995) BeelDakatia: Environmental Consequences of a Development Disaster. Dhaka: The University Press Ltd., 175.
[16] Rezaie, A., Islam, T. and Rouf, T., (2013). Limitations of institutional management and socio-economic barriers of Tidal River management, a semi-natural process to save Bhabodaho from water-logging problem. Advances in River Sediment Research, Taylor & Francis Group, London.
[17] Stiefel M. and Wolfe M. (1995) A Voice for the Excluded: Popular participation in Development: Utopia or Necessity? London: Zed Books.
[18] Tutu, A. (2005). River management in Bangladesh: a people’s initiative to solve waterlogging. Coastal Development Partnership (CDP), Khulna.
[19] Tutu, A., Masum, S., Tipu, A., Hasan, M., (2009). People's Initiative on Coastal River Basin Management to Solve Waterlogging in the Southwest Coastal Region of Bangladesh. Water for the People Network, Philippines.
[20] Ullah, W.M. and Rahman, S. (2002). Participatory compensation mechanisms for tidal river management: an exploratory study on BeelKhukshia. Dhaka Bangladesh.
[21] WARPO (2001). National Water Management Plan: Volume 2: Main Report. Ministry of Water Resources, Bangladesh.
[22] World Bank. (1995). World Bank Participation Sourcebook, Environment Department Papers Participation Series Washington D.C. World Bank
[23] Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC). Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. (2007). Cambridge University Press. England.
[24] McAdam, J. and Saul, B. (2010). Displacement with Dignity: International Law and Policy Responses to Climate Change Migration and Security in Bangladesh. University of New South Wales, Australia.
[25] Ministry of Environment and Forest (MoEF). National Adaptation Program of Action (2005), GoB, Dhaka.
[26] Piguet, E. (2008) Climate Change and Forced Migrating. UNHCR, Geneva.
[27] International Water Management Institute. (2012). Review of the historical evolution of policies and institutions of community based management in coastal Bangladesh. Retrieved from https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/media/57a08a9ee5274a27b20006ab/LitReview_Historical-Analysis.pdf