The Absence of a National Industrial Effluent Policy: Imminent Risk to the Brazilian Bodies of Water
The existing legal gap regarding thes treatment and final disposal of industrial effluents in Brazil promotes legal uncertainty. The government has not structured itself to guarantee environmental protection. The current legal system and public policies must guarantee the protection of bodies of water and an effective treatment of industrial effluents. This is because economic progress, eco-efficiency and industrial ecology are inseparable. The lack of protection for the water bodies weakens environmental protection, with abuses by companies that do not give due treatment to their effluents, or fail to present the water balance of their factories. It is considered necessary to enact a specific law on industrial effluents related to a National Industrial Effluent Policy, because it is the location of the largest Integrated Industrial Complex in the Southern Hemisphere. The regulation of this subject cannot be limited by decrees of the local Executive Branch, allowing the inspection of the industrial activity or enterprise to be affected fundamentally by environmental self-control, or by private institutions.Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 47
 COFIC, (2018). “http://www.coficpolo.com.br” (Online). Available: http://www.coficpolo.com.br/2009/ssma.php?cod=95&pagina=2.
 BRAZIL, (2011) “Planalto.gov” (Online). Available: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/LEIS/LCP/Lcp140.htm.
 SINIMA, (2020) “Ministério do Meio Ambiente” (Online). Available: https://www.mma.gov.br/informma/item/8215-sistema-nacional-de.
 BRAZIL, (1981) “planalto.gov” (Online). Available: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/LEIS/L6938compilada.htm.
 T. R. I., (2017). Program, “Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) Program” (Online). Available: https://www.epa.gov/toxics-release-inventory-tri-program.
 BRAZIL, (2011) “planalto.gov” (Online). Available: http://www2.mma.gov.br/port/conama/legiabre.cfm?codlegi=646.
 BRAZIL, (2003) “Planalto.gov” (Online). Available: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/LEIS/2003/L10.650.htm.
 BAHIA, (2014) (Online). Available: http://www.legislabahia.ba.gov.br/documentos/lei-no-12932-de-07-de-janeiro-de-2014.
 BAHIA, (2013) (Online). Available: http://www.zee.ba.gov.br/zee/wp-content/uploads/2016/produtos/QUALIDADE_AMBIENTAL.pdf.
 CETREL, (2020). (Online). Available: https://www.cetrel.com.br/a-cetrel/#historico.
 N. P. Cheremisinoff, (2003). “www.sciencedirect.com" (Online). Available: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780750675079500036.
 G. T. Hickle, (2013). “www.sciencedirect.com,” U.S. Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 64, pp. 266-276.
 R. M.-S. A. A.-I. Armando Sanchez-Vargas, (2013). “An empirical analysis of the nonlinear relationship between environmental regulation and manufacturing productivity”, Journal of Applied Economics, vol. 16, nº 2, pp. 357-372.
 J. Peuckert, (2014). “What shapes the impact of environmental regulation on competitiveness? Evidence from Executive Opinion Surveys”, Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, vol. 10, pp. 77-94.
 F. E. A. Testa, (2014). “The effect of Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control regulation on facility performance”, Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 64, pp. 91-97.
 A. Kiperstok, (2005). “Sustentabilidade Ambiental: Produção e Consumo”, Revista Ciências Exatas, vol. 12, nº 2, pp. 141-150.
 A. De Montis, (2014). “Strategic environmental assessment of energy planning tools. A study of Italian regions and provinces”, Environmental Impact Assessment Review, vol. 46, p. 32–42.
 Bahia, (2013). “Ordinance 5,148 of June 3, 2013” INEMA (Institute of Environment and Water Resources) of the Government of the State of Bahia. Official Gazette published on 06-04-2013.
 BAHIA, (2012). “www.sucom.ba.gov.br” (Online). Available: http://www.sucom.ba.gov.br/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Dec_Estadual_14024_2012.pdf.
 BAHIA, (2009). Legal order 12,064/2009 of the IMA (Institute of the Environment) of the Government of the State of BahiaSalvador, Bahia, Brazil.
 U. Nations, (2018). United Nations Children's Fund. Available: https://nacoesunidas.org/onu-45-bilhoes-de-pessoas-nao-dispoem-de-saneamento-seguro-no-mundo/
 ANA, (2018) “Brazilian National Water Agency”. (Online). Available: https://www.ana.gov.br/