Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32586
Design of Stainless Steel Implant for Fractured Distal Femur

Authors: Abhishek Soni, Bhagat Singh


Perfect restoration of fractured distal femur has been a challenging task for the medical practitioners. In the present study, model of a fractured bone has been created using the scan data of the damaged bone. Thereafter, customized implant of Stainless Steel (SS-316L) for this fractured femur bone is modeled using the reverse engineering approach. Clinical set-up is prepared by assembling all the models together. Stress and deformation analysis of this clinical set-up has been performed in order to check the load bearing capacity and intactness of the joint. From this analysis, it has been inferred that the stresses and deformation developed due to the static load of the person is within the permissible limits.

Keywords: Biomechanical evaluations, customized implant, reverse engineering, stainless steel alloy.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 720


[1] OTS Canadian, “Nonunion following intramedullary nailing of the femur with and without reaming. Results of a multicenter randomized clinical trial,” The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery American Volume, vol. 85, pp. 2093-2096, 2003.
[2] M. J. Beltran, J. L. Gary and C. A. Collinge, “Management of distal femur fractures with modern plates and nails: state of the art,” Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, vol. 29, pp. 165-172, 2015.
[3] A. K. Gangavalli, C. O. Nwachuku, “Management of distal femur fractures in adults: an overview of options,” Orthopedic Clinics, vol. 47, pp. 85-96, 2016.
[4] R. Reina, F. E. Vilella, N. Ramírez, R. Valenzuela, G. Nieves and C. A. Foy, “Knee pain and leg-length discrepancy after retrograde femoral nailing,” American Journal Of Orthopedics, vol. 36, pp. 325, 2007.
[5] M. Malik, P. Harwood, P. Diggle and S. Khan, “Factors affecting rates of infection and nonunion in intramedullary nailing,” The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery British Volume, vol. 86, pp. 556-560, 2004.
[6] T. J. Lujan, C .E. Henderson, S. M. Madey, D. C. Fitzpatrick, J. L. Marsh and M. Bottlang, “Locked plating of distal femur fractures leads to inconsistent and asymmetric callus formation,” Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, vol. 24, pp. 156-162, 2010.
[7] W. M. Ricci, P. N. Streubel, S. Morshed, C. A. Collinge, S. E. Nork and M. J. Gardner, “Risk factors for failure of locked plate fixation of distal femur fractures: an analysis of 335 cases,” Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, vol. 28, pp. 83-89, 2014.
[8] A. Gefen, “:Optimizing the biomechanical compatibility of orthopedic screws for bone fracture fixation,” Medical Engineering & Physics, vol. 24, pp. 337-347, 2002.
[9] Y. P. Lin, C. T. Wang and K. R. Dai, “Reverse engineering in CAD model reconstruction of customized artificial joint,” Medical Engineering & Physics, vo. 27, pp. 189-193, 2005.
[10] N. Narra, J. Valášek, M. Hannula, P. Marcián, G. K. Sándor, J. Hyttinen and J. Wolff, “Finite element analysis of customized reconstruction plates for mandibular continuity defect therapy,” Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 47, pp. 264-268, 2015.
[11] D. S. Shin, K. Lee and D. Kim, “Biomechanical study of lumbar spine with dynamic stabilization device using finite element method,” Computer-Aided Design, vol. 39, pp. 559-567, 2007.