Words of Peace in the Speeches of the Egyptian President, Abdulfattah El-Sisi: A Corpus-Based Study
The present study aims primarily at investigating words of peace (lexemes of peace) in the formal speeches of the Egyptian president Abdulfattah El-Sisi in a two-year span of time, from 2018 to 2019. This paper attempts to shed light not only on the contextual use of the antonyms, war and peace, but also it underpins quantitative analysis through the current methods of corpus linguistics. As such, the researchers have deployed a corpus-based approach in collecting, encoding, and processing 30 presidential speeches over the stated period (23,411 words and 25,541 tokens in total). Further, semantic fields and collocational networkzs are identified and compared statistically. Results have shown a significant propensity of adopting peace, including its relevant collocation network, textually and therefore, ideationally, at the expense of war concept which in most cases surfaces euphemistically through the noun conflict. The president has not justified the action of war with an honorable cause or a valid reason. Such results, so far, have indicated a positive sociopolitical mindset the Egyptian president possesses and moreover, reveal national and international fair dealing on arising issues.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3607882Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1311
 N. Fairclough, Language and Power, London and New York: Longman, 1989.
 N. Fairclough, Critical discourse analysis: The critical study of language, Routledge, 2013.
 D. Tannen, H. E. Hamilton, D. Schiffrin, The Handbook of Discourse Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, 2015.
 M. Negm, M, Resisting Power in Discourse, Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2015.
 M. Negm, An Analysis of the Notion of Discourse as Power in Selected Literary Texts. Tanta University, 1997.
 N. Fairclough, “CDA as Dialectical Reasoning,” The Routledge Handbook of Critical Discourse, Routledge, 2018, pp. 13-25.
 M. McGlashan, Corpus: Some key terms. CASS: Briefings, University of Lancaster, 2018.
 A. Partington & A. Marchi , “Using Corpora in Discourse Analysis,” The Cambridge Handbook of English Corpus Linguistics, Cambridge University Press, 2015, pp. 216-234.
 M. Weisser, Practical Corpus Linguistics: An Introduction to Corpus-Based Language Analysis, Vol. 43. John Wiley & Sons, 2016.
 T. McEnery & A. Hardie, Corpus linguistics: Method, theory and practice. Cambridge University Press, 2011.
 V. Brezina, Statistics in Corpus Linguistics: A Practical Guide. Cambridge University Press, 2018.
 S. Gries, Quantitative Corpus Linguistics with R: A Practical Introduction, 2nd ed., New York: Routledge, 2017.
 State of Information Service Website. Retrieved from http://www.sis.gov.eg. July 2019.
 A. Kilgarriff, V. Baisa, J. Bušta, M. Jakubíček, V. Kovář, J. Michelfeit & V. Suchomel, The Sketch Engine: Ten Years on. Lexicography, 2014, pp. 7-36.
 M. F. Maxima, “Notepad++, Oracle VM VirtualBox, StarUML V1, Arduino Software (IDE), NetBeans IDE, Zeal, Oracle Database 11g Express. Adobe Reader DC,” Adobe Acrobat Reader DC and Runtime Software distribution license agreement for use on personal computers от, 2017.
 M. Marcus, B. Santorini & M. A. Marcinkiewicz, Building a Large Annotated Corpus of English: The Penn Treebank, 1993.
 W. Chafe, Integration and involvement in speaking, writing, and oral literature, 1982.
 V. Brezina, T. McEnery & S. Wattam, S., “Collocations in context: A new Perspective on Collocation Networks,” International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 2015, pp. 139-173.
 M. Mayor (Ed.). Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Pearson Education India, 2012.