Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32451
An Investigation on Hybrid Composite Drive Shaft for Automotive Industry

Authors: Gizem Arslan Özgen, Kutay Yücetürk, Metin Tanoğlu, Engin Aktaş


Power transmitted from the engine to the final drive where useful work is applied through a system consisting of a gearbox, clutch, drive shaft and a differential in the rear-wheel-drive automobiles. It is well-known that the steel drive shaft is usually manufactured in two pieces to increase the fundamental bending natural frequency to ensure safe operation conditions. In this work, hybrid one-piece propeller shafts composed of carbon/epoxy and glass/epoxy composites have been designed for a rear wheel drive automobile satisfying three design specifications, such as static torque transmission capability, torsional buckling and the fundamental natural bending frequency. Hybridization of carbon and glass fibers is being studied to optimize the cost/performance requirements. Composites shaft materials with various fiber orientation angles and stacking sequences are being fabricated and analyzed using finite element analysis (FEA).

Keywords: Composite propeller shaft, hybridization, epoxy matrix, static torque transmission capability, torsional buckling strength, fundamental natural bending frequency.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 812


[1] Troung L, Leslie JC, Blank B, Frick G. Composite drive shafts: technology and experience. SAE Special Publications 1996:43–59.
[2] Badie MA, Mahdi E, Hamouda AMS. An investigation into hybrid carbon/glass fiber reinforced epoxy composite automotive drive shaft. Mater Des 2011;32: 1485–500.
[3] Abu Talib AR, Ali A, Badie MA, Lah NA, Golestaneh AF. Developing a hybrid, carbon/glass fiber-reinforced, epoxy composite automotive drive shaft. Mater Des 2010;31(1):514–21.
[4] Sevkat E, Tumer H, Halidun Kelestemur M, Dogan S. Effect of torsional strain-rate and lay-up sequences on the performance of hybrid composite shafts. Mater Des 2014; 60:310–9.
[5] Rastogi N. Design of composite driveshafts for automotive applications. SAE, technical paper series, 2004-01-0485; 2004.
[6] Mateen Tariqa M, Nisara S, Shaha A, Akbarb S, Khanc M. A, Khand S. Effect of hybrid reinforcement on the performance of filament wound hollow shaft. Compos Struct 2018; 184: 378–387
[7] Swanson SR. Introduction to design and analysis with advanced composite material. Upper Saddle River (New Jersey): Prentice Hall; 1997.
[8] Lee DG, Kim JW, Hwang HY. Torsional fatigue characteristics of aluminum composite co-cured shafts with axial compressive preload. J Compos Mater 2004;38: 737–56.
[9] Mutasher SA. Prediction of the torsional strength of the hybrid aluminum/ composite drive shaft. Mater Des 2009;30(2):215–20.
[10] Kim HS, Kim BC, Lim TS, Lee DG. Foreign objects impact damage characteristics of aluminum/composite hybrid drive shaft. Compos Struct 2004;66(1– 4):377–89.
[11] Kaw, Autar K. Mechanics of Composite Materials. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2006.
[12] Barbero, Ever J. Introduction to Composite Materials Design. Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2018.
[13] Bert CW, Kim CD. Analysis of buckling hollow laminated composite drive shafts. Compos Sci Technol 1995; 53:343–51.
[14] ANSYS, Inc. SHARCHNET. SHARCHNET Web Site. (Online)
[15] ANSYS Workbench User’s Guide, Canonsburg: ANSYS, Inc.,2016.