Compression Strength of Treated Fine-Grained Soils with Epoxy or Cement
Authors: M. Mlhem
Geotechnical engineers face many problematic soils upon construction and they have the choice for replacing these soils with more appropriate soils or attempting to improve the engineering properties of the soil through a suitable soil stabilization technique. Mostly, improving soils is environmental, easier and more economical than other solutions. Stabilization soils technique is applied by introducing a cementing agent or by injecting a substance to fill the pore volume. Chemical stabilizers are divided into two groups: traditional agents such as cement or lime and non-traditional agents such as polymers. This paper studies the effect of epoxy additives on the compression strength of four types of soil and then compares with the effect of cement on the compression strength for the same soils. Overall, the epoxy additives are more effective in increasing the strength for different types of soils regardless its classification. On the other hand, there was no clear relation between studied parameters liquid limit, passing No.200, unit weight and between the strength of samples for different types of soils.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2576924Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF
 Estabragh, AR; Naseh, M; Beytolahpour, I; Javadi, AA., (2013) “Strength of a clay soil and soil–cement mixture with resin” Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Ground Improvement Volume 166 Issue GI2 pp108-114.
 Metcalf, JB., Ingles, OG., (1972) “Soil Stabilization” Butterworths, Sydney, Australia
 Al-Rawas AA, Hago A and Al-Sarmi H (2005) “Effect of lime, cement and sarooj (artificial pozzolan) on the swelling potential of an expansive soil from Oman” Building and Environment 40(5): 681 -687.
 Bahar, B., Benazzoug, M., Kenai, S., (2004) “Performance of compacted cement stabilized soil” Cement and Concrete Composites 24(7): 811–820.
 Broms, BB., Boman, P., (1978) “Stabilization of Soil with Lime Columns, Design Handbook, 2nd ed” Department of Soil and Rock Mechanics, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
 Croft, JB., (1967) “The influence of soil mineralogical composition on cement stabilization” Ge´otechnique 17: 119–135.
 Khair, A., Nalluli, C., Kilkenny, WM., (1991) “Soil–cement tiles for lining irrigation canals” Irrigation and Drainage System 5(2): 151–163.
 Miller, G., Azad, S., (2000) “Influence of soil type on stabilization with cement kiln dust” Construction and Building Materials 14(2): 89–97.
 Sezer, A., Inan G, Yimaz, HR., Ramyar, K., (2006) “Utilization of a very high lime fly ash for improvement of Izmin clay” Building and Environment 41(2): 150–155.
 Bolander, P., (1999) “Laboratory testing of non-traditional additives for stabilization of roads and trial surfaces” Transportation Research Record 1652: 24–31.
 Tingle, JC., Santoni, R., (2003) “Stabilization of clay soils with non-traditional additives” Transportation Research Record 1819: 72–84.
 Scholen, DE., (1992) “Nonstandard Stabilizers” Report FHWA-FLP- 92–011. FHWA, US Department of Transportation, Washington, DC, USA.
 Ajayi-Mejebi A, Grissom WA, Smith LS and Jones EE (1991) Epoxy resin-based chemical stabilization of a fine poorly graded soil system. Transportation Research Record 1295: 95–108.
 Katz, LE., Rauch, AF., Liljestrand, HM., Shaw, KS., Vieira, AR., (2001) “Mechanisms of soil stabilization with liquid ionic stabilizer” Transportation Research Record 1757: 50–57.
 Afridi UMK, Chaudhary ZU, Ohama Y, Dermura YK and Iqbal MZ (1994) “Elastic properties of powder and aqueous polymer modified mortars” Cement and Concrete Research 24(7): 1199–1213.
 Gao, JM., Qian, CX., Wang, B., Morino, K., (2002) “Experimental study on properties of polymer modified cement mortars with silica fume” Cement and Concrete Research 32(1): 41–45.
 Anagnostopoulos CA (2007) “Cement-clay grouts modified with acrylic resin methyl methacrylate ester: physical and mechanical properties” Construction and Building Materials 21(2): 252–257.
 Estabragh, AR., Beytolahpour, I., Javadi, AA., (2011) “Effect of resin on the strength of soil–cement mixture” Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 23(7): 969–976.
 Trask, P., Close, J., 1957. “Effect Of Clay Content On Strength Of Soils”, University of California, Berkley, California, USA.