Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30745
One Dimensional Reactor Modeling for Methanol Steam Reforming to Hydrogen

Authors: Mingchuan Zhou, Hongfang Ma, Weiyong Ying, Haitao Zhang


One dimensional pseudo-homogenous modeling has been performed for methanol steam reforming reactor. The results show that the models can well predict the industrial data. The reactor had minimum temperature along axial because of endothermic reaction. Hydrogen productions and temperature profiles along axial were investigated regarding operation conditions such as inlet mass flow rate and mass fraction of methanol, inlet temperature of external thermal oil. Low inlet mass flow rate of methanol, low inlet temperature, and high mass fraction of methanol decreased minimum temperature along axial. Low inlet mass flow rate of methanol, high mass fraction of methanol, and high inlet temperature of thermal oil made cold point forward. Low mass fraction, high mass flow rate, and high inlet temperature of thermal oil increased hydrogen production. One dimensional models can be a guide for industrial operation.

Keywords: Modeling, methanol, reactor, Steam reforming

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 340


[1] L. Barreto, A. Makihira, K. Riahi, "The hydrogen economy in the 21st century: a sustainable development scenario." Int. J. Hydrogen Energy Vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 267-284, 2003.
[2] D. R. Palo, R. A. Dagle, J. D. Holladay, "Methanol steam reforming for hydrogen production." Chem. Rev. Vol. 107, no. 10, pp. 3992-4021, 2007.
[3] R. D. Cortright, R. Davda, J. A. Dumesic, "Hydrogen from catalytic reforming of biomass-derived hydrocarbons in liquid water." Nature Vol. 418, no. 6901, pp. 964-967, 2002.
[4] M. C. Denney, V. Pons, T. J. Hebden, D. M. Heinekey, K. I. Goldberg, "Efficient catalysis of ammonia borane dehydrogenation." JACS Vol. 128, no. 37, pp. 12048-12049, 2006.
[5] L. Barelli, G. Bidini, F. Gallorini, S. Servili, "Hydrogen production through sorption-enhanced steam methane reforming and membrane technology: a review." Energy Vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 554-570, 2008.
[6] B. A. Peppley, J. C. Amphlett, L. M. Kearns, R. F. Mann, "Methanol–steam reforming on Cu/ZnO/Al2O3. Part 1: the reaction network." Appl. Catal., A Vol. 179, no. 1, pp. 21-29, 1999.
[7] S. Sá, H. Silva, L. Brandão, J. M. Sousa, A. Mendes, "Catalysts for methanol steam reforming—a review." Appl. Catal., B Vol. 99, no. 1, pp. 43-57, 2010.
[8] G.-S. Wu, D.-S. Mao, G.-Z. Lu, Y. Cao, K.-N. Fan, "The role of the promoters in Cu based catalysts for methanol steam reforming." Catal. Lett. Vol. 130, no. 1-2, pp. 177-184, 2009.
[9] C.-Z. Yao, L.-C. Wang, Y.-M. Liu, G.-S. Wu, Y. Cao, W.-L. Dai, H.-Y. He, K.-N. Fan, "Effect of preparation method on the hydrogen production from methanol steam reforming over binary Cu/ZrO2 catalysts." Appl. Catal., A Vol. 297, no. 2, pp. 151-158, 2006.
[10] A. Kundu, J. Park, J. Ahn, S. Park, Y. Shul, H. Han, "Micro-channel reactor for steam reforming of methanol." Fuel Vol. 86, no. 9, pp. 1331-1336, 2007.
[11] A. Iulianelli, P. Ribeirinha, A. Mendes, A. Basile, "Methanol steam reforming for hydrogen generation via conventional and membrane reactors: a review." Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev. Vol. 29, no., pp. 355-368, 2014.
[12] Y.-M. Lin, M.-H. Rei, "Study on the hydrogen production from methanol steam reforming in supported palladium membrane reactor." Catal. Today Vol. 67, no. 1, pp. 77-84, 2001.
[13] D. W. Green, "Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook," New York: McGraw-hill, 2008.
[14] Q. Wu, S. Wang, B. Zhu, Z. Zhu, Y. Zhong, "Thermodynamics Analysis of Hydrogen Production by Catalytic Decomposition and Steam Reforming of Methanol." Journal of East China University of Science and Technology (Natural Science Edition) Vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 120-123, 2003.
[15] Q. Wu, S. Wang, B. Zhu, Z. Zhu, Y. Zhong, "Study on the Global Reaction Kinetics of Hydrogen Production by Methanol Steam Reforming." Petrochemical Technology Vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 483-486, 2003.