Problems and Prospects of Agricultural Biotechnology in Nigeria’s Developing Economy
Science offers opportunities for revolutionizing human activities, enriched by input from scientific research and technology. Biotechnology is a major force for development in developing countries such as Nigeria. It is found to contribute to solving human problems like water and food insecurity that impede national development and threaten peace wherever it is applied. This review identified the problems of agricultural biotechnology in Nigeria. On the part of rural farmers, there is a lack of adequate knowledge or awareness of biotechnology despite the fact that they constitute the bulk of Nigerian farmers. On part of the government, the problems include: lack of adequate implementation of government policy on bio-safety and genetically modified products, inadequate funding of education as well as research and development of products related to biotechnology. Other problems include: inadequate infrastructures (including laboratory), poor funding and lack of national strategies needed for development and running of agricultural biotechnology. In spite of all the challenges associated with agricultural biotechnology, its prospects still remain great if Nigeria is to meet with the food needs of the country’s ever increasing population. The introduction of genetically engineered products will lead to the high productivity needed for commercialization and food security. Insect, virus and other related diseases resistant crops and livestock are another viable area of contribution of biotechnology to agricultural production. In conclusion, agricultural biotechnology will not only ensure food security, but, in addition, will ensure that the local farmers utilize appropriate technology needed for large production, leading to the prosperity of the farmers and national economic growth, provided government plays its role of adequate funding and good policy implementation.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.2021611Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1399
 Edgar J. D, Elias. B., Aduan. B. (2017); Biotechnology and the Developing World Policies of International cooperation Vol. 5. No.1.
 Ojo O. (2016); Role of Agricultural Biotechnology in Developing Economics2 https://olawaleojo:wordpress.com/2016/02/15/role-of-agriculturalbiotechnology.
 Ojo .O. (2015); What can Agriculture Biotech do for a Developing Economy http://olawaleojo.wordpress.com/2016/02/12/what-can-agricultural-biotechnology-do-for-a-developingeconomy.
 Glover. D. (2001); Modern Biotechnology and Developing World. Agriculture; University of Sussex: Brighton, United Kingdom. Institute of Development Studies.
 Nicholas. O. (2008); Challenges and Impacts of Agricultural Biotechnology on Developing Countries; Africa Journal of biotechnology Vol. 7(4) pp328-330.
 Dasilver, E. J. Biotechnology, Developing Countries and Globalization, Wold Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 1998, Vol. 14, P. 463-466.
 Olaito, P. (2014): Nigeria Agricultural Biotechnology update (2014); Global Agricultural Information Network; USA forming Agricultural Service.
 ISAAA (2014); Annual Report Executive Summary Global Status of commercialized Biotech/GM crops: 2014(http//www.isaaa.org/resources/publication/briefs/46/executivesummary/). Isaaa Brief 46-2013, Retrieved 5 April 2018.
 Nigel. J. and Clarde. M. F (2000); Biotechnology Public Policy, Fall 2000 Issue.
 Chein, L., Marmey, P., Taylor, N. J, Borizard, J. P., Espinoza, G., Cruz, P. D. Huel, .H. & Zhang .S., Ole Kochiko, .A., Beaching, R. N., Frauquet, C.M, Expression and inheritance of Multiple Transgenes in Rice. Native Biotechnology 16: 1060-1064, 1992.
 Serageldin.I.(1999); Biotechnology and Food Security in the 21st Century. Proc nat Acd Sci. 96; 5903-5907.
 ISAAA (2013); Annual Report Executive Summary Global Status of commercialized Biotech/GM crops: 2013(http//www.isaaa.org/resources/publication/briefs/46/executivesummary/). IsaaaBriefd 46-2013, Retrieved 6 august 2014
 Duncan, R. (1996); Tissue Cultured Induce Variation and Crop Improvement” Advances in Agronomy 38: 201-40. Doi:10 1016/s0065-2113 (08) 60266-4 (http://doi.org/10.016%2fs0065-2113%2808%2980256-4) ISBN. 9780120007585.
 James, (1996); “Global Review of the Field testing and Commercialization of Transgenic Plants; 1988 to 1995” (http://www.isaa.org/kc/publication/pdf/isaabriefs/briefs%201pdf) (PDF). The International Service for the acquisition of Agric-Biotech Application. Retrieved 17 July 2010.
 ISAAA (2015), Annual Report Executive Summary, 20thAniversary (1996-2015) of the Global Commercialization of biotech Crops and biotech Crops Highlight in 2015(http://www.isaaa.org/resources/publication/briefs/51/executivesummary). Isaaa Brief of 51-2015. Retrieved 2016-08-16.
 James C. (2011);” ISAA Briefs 43, Global status of commercialized Biotech/GM crops 2011” (http://www.isaaa.org/resources/publications/briefs43/executivesumary/default.asp).ISAAA Briefs. thaca. New York: international service for the Acquisition of Agric-biotech Applications (ISAAA). Retrieved 2012-06-02.
 Khmper, .W., Qaim, .M. (2014) “A Meta-Analysis of the Impacts of Genetically Modified Crops” (http://journal.plos.org/plosone/article?dz10.137/journal.pone0111629). PLOS ONE. 9(11); e 111629, Birbcode; 2014ploso. 9k1629k.
 Marvis, .C. (2001) “Public Viewa on GMOs Deconstructing the Myth” (http://www.embo.emboexpress.org/content/2/7/545.full.pdf.html?) EMBO Reports 2(7); 545-49.
 Bashir .O. and Ranona .A. (2013): FDA and regulation of FMOs” (http://www.americanbabr.org/content/newsletter/publication/aba-health-source-home/aba-health-law-resource-1302-bashir.html). America Bar association. Retrieved 24 february 2016.
 America Medical Association (2012); Report 2 of the Council on Severe and Public Health; Labeling of bioengineered Food. (htt://webachieve.oorg/web/20120907023039/http:/www.ama.assn.org/resource/doc/kcasphz-bioengineeredfoods.pdf).
 Andrew, P.(2012):The New York Time.“An Entrepreneur Bankrolls a Genetically Salmon” (http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/22/business/kakha-benduckidze-holds-fate-of-gene-engineeredsalmon.htm17pagewantedzall) published; 21 May 2012, Accessed 3, September 2012.
 All the GMOs Approved in the U.S” (http://time.com/3840073/gmo-food-charts/).TIME.come.Retrieved 2016-02-11.
 Lucerne, GMO Database (http://www.gmo-compass.org/eng/database/plants/51.lucerne.html). www.gmo-compass.org. Retrieved 2016-02-11.
 UPDATE 3-U.S farmers get approval to plant GMO alfalfa (https://www.reuters.com/article/gmo-alfalfa-usda-idUSN2727513020110127).rEUTERS.2011-01-27. Retrieved 2016-02-11.
 Infographics: Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2014-ISAAA Brief 49-2014 ISAAA.org”(http://www.isaaa.org/resources/publications/briefs/49/infographic/default.asp).www.isaaa.org. Retrieved 2016-02-11.
 Scott Kilman, “Modified Beet Gets New Life”(https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424052748704709304576124454083334630). Wall street journal. Retrieved 2016-02-15.
 “Facts and trends-India ”(http://www.isaaa.org/resources/publications/biotech_country_facts_and_trends/download/facts%20and%20Trends%20India.pdf) (PDF). International Service for the Acquisition of Agric- biotech Applications.
 “Facts hand Trends-Mexico ”(www.isaaa.org/resources/publications/biotech_coutry_facts_and_trends/download/Facts%20and%20Trends%20-%20Mexico.pdf) (PDF). International Service for the Acquisition of Agric-biotech Applications
 “Facts and Trends-China”(www.isaaa.org/resources/publications/biotech_coutry_facts_and_trends/download/Facts%20and%20Trends%20-%20China.pdf). (PDF).International Service for the Acquisition of Agric-biotech Applications
 L. P Gianessi, C. S., Silvere S., Sankula and J. E. Canpeter: Plant Biotechnology. Current and Potential Impact for Improving part management in US Agriculture. An analysis of 40 case Studies. Natural Centre for Food and Agricultural Policy, 2002) 5-6.
 Beintema N., Ayoola G. B. (2004); Agricultural Science and technology Indicators (ASTI); Nigeria ASTI Country briefs No.10 IFR/ISNAR February.
 Nkechi. I. (2017); Nigeria’s 2017 prospect for Biotechnology, Cornells Alliance for Science http://alianceforscience.cornell.edu/mode.
 Bennelt. O. (2017); Why Nigeria Must Join in Global Application of Biotechnology. http://www.thisdaylive.com/index.php/2017/08/12/why-nigeria-must-join-in-global-application-of-biotechnology.