Commenced in January 2007
Paper Count: 32586
Manufacturing Process of S-Glass Fiber Reinforced PEKK Prepregs
Abstract:The aim of this study is to investigate the fundamental science/technology related to novel S-glass fiber reinforced polyether- ketone-ketone (GF/PEKK) composites and to gain insight into bonding strength and failure mechanisms. Different manufacturing techniques to make this high-temperature pre-impregnated composite (prepreg) were conducted i.e. mechanical deposition, electrostatic powder deposition, and dry powder prepregging techniques. Generally, the results of this investigation showed that it was difficult to control the distribution of the resin powder evenly on the both sides of the fibers within a specific percentage. Most successful approach was by using a dry powder prepregging where the fibers were coated evenly with an adhesive that served as a temporary binder to hold the resin powder in place onto the glass fiber fabric.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1474771Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 952
 D. H. J. a Lukaszewicz, C. Ward, and K. D. Potter, “The engineering aspects of automated prepreg layup: History, present and future,” Compos. Part B Eng., vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 997–1009, 2012.
 R. Stewart, “Thermoplastic composites - Recyclable and fast to process,” Reinf. Plast., 2011.
 A. Gilliot, “From carbon fibre to carbon-fibre-reinforced thermoplastics,” JEC Compos. Mag., no. 71, pp. 60–62, 2012.
 M. H. Salek, Effect of Processing Parameters on the Mechanical Properties of Carbon/PEKK Thermoplastic Composite Materials. Master diss., Concordia University, Canada, 2005.
 B. Choi, O. Diestel, and P. Offermann, “Commingled CF / PEEK Hybrid Yarns for Use in Textile Reinforced High Performance Rotors,” 12th Int. Conf. Compos. Mater. (ICCM), Paris, pp. 796–806, 1999.
 J. Heth, “From art to science: A prepreg overview,” High-Performance Composites, vol. 8. pp. 32–36, 2000.
 K. J. Ahn and J. C. Seferis, “Prepreg processing science and engineering,” Polym. Eng. Sci., vol. 33, no. 18, pp. 1177–1188, 1993.
 J. H. Hodgkin, G. P. Simon, and R. J. Varley, “Thermoplastic Toughening of Epoxy Resins: a Critical Review,” Polym. Adv. Technol., vol. 9, no. September 1996, pp. 3–10, 1998.
 M. G. Bader, “Selection of composite materials and manufacturing routes for cost- effective performance,” Compos. Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf., vol. 33, pp. 913–934, 2002.
 V. Babrauskas and R. D. Peacock, “Heat release rate: The single most important variable in fire hazard,” Fire Safety Journal, vol. 18, no. 3. pp. 255–272, 1992.
 G. T. Linteris and I. P. Rafferty, “Flame size, heat release, and smoke points in materials flammability,” Fire Saf. J., vol. 43, no. 6, pp. 442–450, 2008.
 A. P. Mouritz, Z. Mathys, and A. G. Gibson, “Heat release of polymer composites in fire,” Compos. Part A Appl. Sci. Manuf., vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 1040–1054, 2006.
 P. Olivier, J. P. Cottu, and B. Ferret, “Effects of cure cycle pressure and voids on some mechanical properties of carbon/epoxy laminates,” Composites, vol. 26, no. 7, pp. 509–515, 1995.
 A. Vlot, “Impact loading on fibre metal laminates,” Int. J. Impact Eng., vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 291–307, 1996.
 P. P. Parlevliet and C. Weimer, “Thermoplastic High Performance Composites: Environmental Requirements on Future Helicopter Airframes,” ICCM-18. 21 - 26 Aug 2011, Jeju Int. Conv. Center, Jeju Island, South Korea.
 P. P. Parlevliet and C. Weimer, “Automated Joining Processes for High- Performance Thermoplastic Composites,” SAMPE Spring Tech. Conf. Exhib. - State Ind. Adv. Mater. Appl. Process. Technol., p. 650, 2011.
 A. J. Herrod-Taylor, The crystallisation of Poly (aryl ether etherketone) (PEEK) and its carbon fibre composites. Master diss., University of Birmingham.UK, 2011.
 I. Y. Chang and J. K. Lees, “Recent Development in Thermoplastic Composites: A Review of Matrix Systems and Processing Methods,” J. Thermoplast. Compos. Mater., vol. 1, pp. 277–296, 1988.
 T. E. Attwood et al, “Synthesis and Properties of Polyaryletherketones,” Polymer (Guildf)., vol. 22, pp. 1096–1103, 1980.
 Y. S. Chun and R. a. Weiss, “Thermal behavior of poly(ether ketone ketone)/thermoplastic polyimide blends,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., vol. 94, no. 3, pp. 1227–1235, 2004.
 T. Sinmazçelik, E. Avcu, M. Ö. Bora, and O. Çoban, “A review: Fibre metal laminates, background, bonding types and applied test methods,” Mater. Des., vol. 32, no. 7, pp. 3671–3685, 2011.
 P.-Y. B. Jar, R. Mulone, P. Davies, and H.-H. Kausch, “A study of the effect of forming temperature on the mechanical behaviour of carbonfibre/ peek composites,” Compos. Sci. Technol., vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 7–19, 1993.
 H. E. N. Bersee, “Composite Aerospace Manufacturing Processes Harald,” Encycl. Aerosp. Eng. JohnWiley Sons, Ltd., 2010.
 A. Texier, R. M. Davis, K. R. Lyon, a. Gungor, J. E. McGrath, H. Marand, and J. S. Riffle, “Fabrication of PEEK/carbon fibre composites by aqueous suspension prepregging,” Polymer (Guildf)., vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 896–906, 1993.
 K. E. Goodman and a. C. Loos, “Thermoplastic Prepreg Manufacture,” J. Thermoplast. Compos. Mater., vol. 3, pp. 34–40, 1990.
 R. Marissen, L. T. Van Der Drift, and J. Sterk, “Technology for rapid impregnation of fibre bundles with a molten thermoplastic polymer,” Compos. Sci. Technol., vol. 60, pp. 2029–2034, 2000.
 R. Ali, S. Iannace, and L. Nicolais, “Effects of processing conditions on the impregnation of glass fibre mat in extrusion/calendering and film stacking operations,” Compos. Sci. Technol., vol. 63, pp. 2217–2222, 2003.
 Frederic Neil Cogswell, Thermoplastic aromatic polymer composites, a study of the structure, processing and properties of carbon fibre reinforced polyetheretherketone and related materials. Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd, 1992.
 U. K. Vaidya and K. K. Chawla, “Processing of fibre reinforced thermoplastic composites,” Int. Mater. Rev., vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 185–218, 2008.
 T. Hartness, “Thermoplastic Powder Technology for Advanced Composite Systems,” J. Thermoplast. Compos. Mater., vol. 1, pp. 210– 220, 1988.