Free Vibration of Axially Functionally Graded Simply Supported Beams Using Differential Transformation Method
Authors: A. Selmi
Free vibration analysis of homogenous and axially functionally graded simply supported beams within the context of Euler-Bernoulli beam theory is presented in this paper. The material properties of the beams are assumed to obey the linear law distribution. The effective elastic modulus of the composite was predicted by using the rule of mixture. Here, the complexities which appear in solving differential equation of transverse vibration of composite beams which limit the analytical solution to some special cases are overcome using a relatively new approach called the Differential Transformation Method. This technique is applied for solving differential equation of transverse vibration of axially functionally graded beams. Natural frequencies and corresponding normalized mode shapes are calculated for different Young’s modulus ratios. MATLAB code is designed to solve the transformed differential equation of the beam. Comparison of the present results with the exact solutions proves the effectiveness, the accuracy, the simplicity, and computational stability of the differential transformation method. The effect of the Young’s modulus ratio on the normalized natural frequencies and mode shapes is found to be very important.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1317392Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 401
 M. Aydogdu, “Semi-inverse method for vibration and buckling of axially functionally graded beams,” Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, vol. 27, 683-691, 2004.
 I. Elishakoff, Z. Guede, “Analytical polynomial solutions for vibrating axially graded beams,” Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures, vol. 11, 517-533, 2004.
 Y. Huang, X.F. Li, “A new approach for free vibration of axially functionally graded beams with non-uniform cross-section,” Journal of Sound and Vibration, vol. 329, 2291–2303, 2010.
 V. Kahya, M.Turan, “Finite element model for vibration and buckling of functionally graded beams based on the first-order shear deformation theory,” Composites Part B: Engineering, vol.109, 108-115, 2017.
 A. Shahba, R. Attarnejad and H. Zarrinzadeh, “Free vibration analysis of centrifugally stiffened tapered functionally graded beams,” Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures, vol. 20, 331-338. 2013.
 I. Hassan, “On solving some eigenvalue problems by using a differential transformation,” Applied Mathematics and Computation, vol. 127, 1–22. 2002.
 S. Çatal, “Solution of free vibration equations of beam on elastic soil by using differential transform method,” Applied Mathematical Modelling, vol. 32. 1744-1757, 2008.