Fatty Acid and Amino Acid Composition in Mene maculata in The Sea of Maluku
Fish is a kind of food that contains many nutritions, one of those is the long chain of unsaturated fatty acids as omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids and essential amino acid in enough amount for the necessity of our body. Like pelagic fish that found in the sea of Maluku. This research was done to identify fatty acids and amino acids composition in Moonfish (M. maculata) using transesterification reaction steps and Gas Chromatograph-Mass Spectrophotometer (GC-MS) and High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). The result showed that fatty acids composition in Moonfish (M. maculata) contained tridecanoic acid (2.84%); palmitoleic acid (2.65%); palmitic acid (35.24%); oleic acid (6.2%); stearic acid (14.20%); and 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (1.29%) and 12 amino acids composition that consist of 7 essential amino acids, were leucine, isoleucine, valine, phenylalanine, methionine, lysine, and histidine, and also 5 non-essential amino acid, were tyrosine, glycine, alanine, glutamic acid, and arginine.Thus, these fishes can be used by the people to complete the necessity of essential fatty acid and amino acid.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1317208Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 285
 Nagabhushanam R, Mane VH. Seasonal variation in the biochemical composition of Pernaviridisat Ratnagiri on the West Coast of India.Hydrobiologia1978; 57(3): 69-72.
 Frenoux JM, Prost ED, Prost JL. A polyunsaturated fatty acid diet lowers blood pressure and improves antioxidant status in spontaneously hypertensive rats. J Nutr2001; 131: 39-45.
 Cunnane SC, Plourde M, Pifferi F, Begin M, Feart C, Barberger-Gateau P. Fish, docosahexaenoic acid and Alzheimer’s disease. Prog Lipid Res2009; 48: 239-256.
 Baker DH, Han Y. Ideal amino acid profile for chicks during first three weeks post hatching. Poult Sci1994; 73: 1441-1447.
 Bligh EG, Dyer WJ. A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification.Can J BiochemPhysiol1959; 37: 911-917.
 Association of Official Agricultural Chemists. Official methods of analysis of the association of official agricultural chemists. 16thed. 1995; Washington DC, USA: AOAC.
 Muller H., Lindman A.S., Brantsaeter A.L., & Pedersen J.I., The Serum LDL/HDL Cholesterol Ratio in Influenced More Favorably by Exchanging Saturated with Unsaturated Fat Than by Reducing Saturated Fat in The Diet of Women 2003 The Journal of Nutrition.
 dc Roos N.M., Bots, M.L., & Katan M.B. Replacement of Dietary Saturated Fatty Acids by Trans Fatty Acids Lowers Serum HDL Cholesterol and Impairs Edithelial Function in Healthy Men and Women;2001 Journal of Arterioscler Throm Vasc. Biol, 21(2):1233-7.
 Latyshev, N.A., Kasyanov, S.P., Kharlamenko, V.I., &Svetashev, V.I. Lipids and Fatty Acids of Edible Crabs of The North-Western Pacific, 2009 Journal of Food Chemistry 116657–661.