Economics of Open and Distance Education in the University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Authors: Babatunde Kasim Oladele
One of the major objectives of the Nigeria national policy on education is the provision of equal educational opportunities to all citizens at different levels of education. With regards to higher education, an aspect of the policy encourages distance learning to be organized and delivered by tertiary institutions in Nigeria. This study therefore, determines how much of the Government resources are committed, how the resources are utilized and what alternative sources of funding are available for this system of education. This study investigated the trends in recurrent costs between 2004/2005 and 2013/2014 at University of Ibadan Distance Learning Centre (DLC). A descriptive survey research design was employed for the study. Questionnaire was the research instrument used for the collection of data. The population of the study was 280 current distance learning education students, 70 academic staff and 50 administrative staff. Only 354 questionnaires were correctly filled and returned. Data collected were analyzed and coded using the frequencies, ratio, average and percentages were used to answer all the research questions. The study revealed that staff salaries and allowances of academic and non-academic staff represent the most important variable that influences the cost of education. About 55% of resources were allocated to this sector alone. The study also indicates that costs rise every year with increase in enrolment representing a situation of diseconomies of scale. This study recommends that Universities who operates distance learning program should strive to explore other internally generated revenue option to boost their revenue. University of Ibadan, being the premier university in Nigeria, should be given foreign aid and home support, both financially and materially, to enable the institute to run a formidable distance education program that would measure up in planning and implementation with those of developed nation.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1316191Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 740
 Federal Republic of Nigeria (FRN) National Economic Empowerment and Development, 2004.
 Federal Republic on Nigeria, National policy in education (4th edition). Lagos: NERDC Press 2, 2004.
 R. A. Aderinoye, “Alternative to teacher training” in H.Perraton (Ed).Cost Effectiveness in Teacher Training. Paris-UNESCO Aderinoye, R and Ojokheta, K 2003. Open and Distance Education as a mechanism for Sustainable Development. Reflections on the Nigeria Experience. International Review of Research in Open and Distance learning, 2001.
 J. B. Ajayi, Public Financing of Education in Nigeria. Ife Journal of Educational Studies, 2001.4(1): 86-90.
 R. Bell and M. Tight, “Open Universities: A British Tradition? Society for Research into Higher Education. Birmingham,” UK: Open University Press, 1999.
 F. O. Egbokhare, “An Address by the Director of the Distance Learning Centre on the Occasion of the Stakeholder’s Consultative Forum, at the Conference Centre” on the 5th of April,2006.
 P. Navarro and J. Schoemaker, “Performance and Perceptions of Distance Learners in Cyberspace. The American Journal of Distance Education”, 2000. 14(2), 15-35.
 M. Omolewa, “Directory of Distance Education Institutions in Africa”. (Ed). Abuja: UNESCO, 2000.
 United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO). Education Digest: Comparing education statistics across the world, 2000.
 N. B. Pityana, “Open distance learning in Africa: Access, quality, success”, 2004. Retrieved from www.unisa.ac.za/contents/about/principle/odl_africa.pdf.
 Jomo Kenya and N. O. Oddilla ”Investigate Factors Affecting the Performance of Students on Distance Learning Mode’ Journal of Information Engineering and Applications ISSN 224-5782(ISSN 2225-0566 online print. Vol.3 No 10, 2013.
 A. L. Oboegbulem “Application of Knowledge and Learning Management by Principal in the Administration of Secondary Schools in Enugu State, Nigeria. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences. ISSN222-1719 (paper) ISS2222-2863(online). Vol. 3 No.16 2013.
 M. O. Yusuf “Problems and Prospects of Open and Distance Education in Nigeria” Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education.ISSN 1302-648 Vol 7 No 1.2005
 T. N. Ambe-Uva “National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN): A Historical Perspective and Challemges. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education- TOJDE.ISSN 1302-6488, Vol. 8 No 1 Article 6.2007.