Comparative Study of Ecological City Criteria in Traditional Iranian Cities
Many urban designers and planners have been involved in the design of environmentally friendly or nature adaptable urban development models due to increase in urban populations in the recent century, limitation on natural resources, climate change, and lack of enough water and food. Ecological city is one of the latest models proposed to accomplish the latter goal. In this work, the existing establishing indicators of the ecological city are used regarding energy, water, land use and transportation issues. The model is used to compare the function of traditional settlements of Iran. The result of investigation shows that the specifications and functions of the traditional settlements of Iran fit well into the ecological city model. It is found that the inhabitants of the old cities and villages in Iran had founded ecological cities based on their knowledge of the environment and its natural opportunities and limitations.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1316183Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 617
 Bahraini, H and R. Macnoon. Sustainable Urban Development, Thought to Act. Journal of Environment, No.27. 27th year.2001.
 White, Rodney. R. 2002. Building the Ecological City. Boca Raton, CRC Press.
 Botkin, D. B. and E. A. Keller. Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet. John Wiley, N. Y., 1995 (1st edition), 1997 (2nd edition).
 Howard, E. 1986(1898). Garden Cities of Tomorrow. Builth Wells, Attic Books.
 Portney, Kent. E. 2003. Taking Sustainable Cities seriously. MIT Press, Cambridge.
 Haghighat Naiini, G. R. and M. Afshar. Concepts and Values of Architecture and Urban Development in Historical Region of Naiin. Proceeding of Congress of History of Architecture and Urban Development. 1996.
 Ghobadian, V. Reviewing of Traditional Building of Iran regarding climate. Proceeding of Congress of History of Architecture and Urban Development. 1996.
 Varjavand, P. Having Adaption with Nature and Responding to the Needs, the Essence of Iran Architecture and Urban Development. Proceeding of Congress of History of Architecture and Urban Development. 1996.
 Sadat nia, S. Shushtar, A City Based on Water. Proceeding of Congress of History of Architecture and Urban Development. 1996.
 http://www. http://news.irib.ir /articles/item/64659-
 Ghaffari, A. Ecology in Old Cities of Center of Iran. Proceeding of Congress of History of Architecture and Urban Development. 1996.