Impact of Ownership Structure on Provision of Staff and Infrastructure for Implementing Computer Aided Design Curriculum in Universities in South-East Nigeria
Authors: Kelechi E. Ezeji
Instruction towards acquiring skills in the use of Computer Aided Design technologies has become a vital part of architectural education curriculum in the digital era. Its implementation, however, requires deployment of extra resources to build new infrastructure, acquisition and maintenance of new equipment, retraining of staff and recruitment of new ones who are knowledgeable in this area. This study sought to examine the impact that ownership structure of Nigerian universities had on provision of staff and infrastructure for implementing computer aided design curriculum with a view to developing a framework for the evaluation for appropriate implementation by the institutions. Survey research design was employed. The focus was on departments of architecture in universities in south-east Nigeria accredited by the National Universities Commission. Data were obtained in the areas of infrastructure and personnel for CAD implementation. A multi-stage stratified random sampling method was adopted. The first stage of stratification involved the accredited departments. Random sampling by balloting was then carried out. At the second stage, sampling size formulae was applied to obtain respondents’ number. For data analysis, analysis of variance tool for testing differences of means was used. With ρ < 0.5, the study found that there was significant difference between private-funded, state-funded and federal-funded departments of architecture in the provision of personnel and infrastructure. The implications of these findings were that for successful implementation leading to attainment of CAD proficiency to occur in every institution regardless of ownership structure, minimum evaluation guidelines needed to be set. A regular comparison of implementation in institutions was recommended as a means of rating performance. This will inform better interaction with those who consistently show weakness to challenge them towards improvement.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1316147Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 538
 Y. M. Adeoye, A. F. Oluwole and L. A. Blessing, "Appraising the role of information communication technology (ICT) as a change agent for higher education in Nigeria," International Journal of Educational Administration and Policy Studies, vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 177-183, 2013.
 Autodesk, "CAD Software," 2015. (Online). Available: http://www.autodesk.com/solutions/cad-software. (Accessed 20 May 2015).
 A. Olotuah and O. S. Adesiji, "An Appraisal of Architectural Education in Nigeria," 2005. (Online). Available: http://www.jisctechdis.ac.uk/assets/cebe/Documents/events/beecon2005/olotuah.doc. (Accessed 3 March 2015).
 A. Anunobi, "Training of Architects to Meet the Challenges of the 21st Century: A Case for a New Curriculum Approach," Journal of the Association of Architectural Educators in Nigeria, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1-6, 2006.
 M. Ogunrayewa, K. Morakinyo and O. Adenubi, "New Trends in Architectural Curriculum Development- A Panacea for Sustainable Architectural Eduction in Nigeria," Journal of the Association of Architectural Educators (AARCHES-J), vol. 1, pp. 3-8, 2013.
 B. Procnal-Ogunsote and O. O. Ogunsote, "Developing Workable Standards for Design Studio E-Portfolios in Architectural Education in Nigeria," AARCHES Journal, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 39-55, 2009.
 O. O. Ogunsote, B. Procnal-Ogunsote and N. A. Umaru, "Curricular Anatomy of the CAD Proficient Architectural Graduates in Nigeria," 2006. (Online). Available: http://sdngnet.com/Files/Papers/Conference%20Papers/Curricular%20Anatomy%20of%20the%20CAD%20Proficent%20Architecture%20Graduate%20in%20Nigeria.pdf. (Accessed 2 November 2014).
 O. A. Olaniyi and F. O. Olusola, "Computer: A Versatile and Veritable Interactor in Architectural Education in Nigeria," The Nigerian Academic Forum, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 38-42, November 2011.
 S. Ahmed, "Public and private higher education financing in Nigeria," European Scientific Journal, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 92-109, March 2015.
 O. O. Ogunsote, "Three-Dimensional Modelling in AutoCAD 2000: Production of Drawings Using Multiple Layers and Layouts in Paper Space," Journal of the Association of Architectural Educators in Nigeria (AARCHESJ), vol. b, pp. 82-86, 2001.
 S. Oluigbo, "Improving the Quality of Architecture Graduates From Nigerian Universities," Journal of the Association of Architectural Educators in Nigeria, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 72-76, January-March 2005.
 O. Pitan and S. O. Adedeji, "Skills Mismatch Among University Graduates in the Nigeria Labour Market," US-China Education Review, vol. A, no. 1, pp. 90-98, 2012.
 A. Olotuah, The Influence of Computer-Aided Design on Architectural Practice in Nigeria. (Unpublished Postgraduate Diploma Computer Science Thesis, Federal University of Technology Akure), Akure, Ondo State: Federal University of Technology Akure, 2004.
 H. Penttilä and T.-U. Weck, "The effects of information and communication technology (ICT) on architectural profession," 2006. (Online). Available: www.mittaviiva.fi/hannu/studies/penttila_060606_final.pdf. (Accessed 4 March 2015).
 CIA, "Nigeria," 2015. (Online). Available: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ni.html. (Accessed 4 June 2015).
 A. Nwozor, "Power Rotation, Ethnic Politics and the Challenges of Democratization in Contemporary Nigeria," African Study Monographs, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 1-18, 2014.
 D. P. Subedi, "Structural Functional Perspective in Sociology," 2015. (Online). Available: http://www.academia.edu/362874/Structural_Functional_Perspective_in_Sociology. (Accessed 3 June 2015).
 M. Haralambos and M. Holborn, Sociology Themes and Perspectives, London: Harper Collins Publishers Limited, 2008.
 R. Osakwe, "Challenges of information and communication technology (ICT) education in Nigerian public secondary schools," Education Research Journal, pp. 388-391, December 2012.
 C. Buabeng-Andoh, "Factors influencing teachers’ adoption and integration of information and communication technology into teaching: A review of the literature," International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 136-155, 2012.
 P. Achimugu, O. Oluwagbemi and A. Oluwaranti, "An Evaluation of the Impact of ICT Diffusion in Nigeria’s Higher Educational Institutions," Journal of Information Technology Impact, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 25-34, 2010.
 O. Begho, "i-Connect Project: Mobile solution to support ICT and Education in Nigeria," 2010. (Online). Available: http://www.futuresoft-ng.com/IT-Talk/Articles/ict-education-africa/. (Accessed October 2013).
 NUC, "Brochure of list of approved programmes in Nigerian Universities," NUC, Abuja, 2014.