Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 32731
Resistance to Chloride Penetration of High Strength Self-Compacting Concretes: Pumice and Zeolite Effect

Authors: Kianoosh Samimi, Siham Kamali-Bernard, Ali Akbar Maghsoudi


This paper aims to contribute to the characterization and the understanding of fresh state, compressive strength and chloride penetration tendency of high strength self-compacting concretes (HSSCCs) where Portland cement type II is partially substituted by 10% and 15% of natural pumice and zeolite. First, five concrete mixtures with a control mixture without any pozzolan are prepared and tested in both fresh and hardened states. Then, resistance to chloride penetration for all formulation is investigated in non-steady state and steady state by measurement of chloride penetration and diffusion coefficient. In non-steady state, the correlation between initial current and chloride penetration with diffusion coefficient is studied. Moreover, the relationship between diffusion coefficient in non-steady state and electrical resistivity is determined. The concentration of free chloride ions is also measured in steady state. Finally, chloride penetration for all formulation is studied in immersion and tidal condition. The result shows that, the resistance to chloride penetration for HSSCC in immersion and tidal condition increases by incorporating pumice and zeolite. However, concrete with zeolite displays a better resistance. This paper shows that the HSSCC with 15% pumice and 10% zeolite is suitable in fresh, hardened, and durability characteristics.

Keywords: Chloride penetration, immersion, pumice, HSSCC, tidal, zeolite.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI):

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 733


[1] Ramezanianpour A. A, Samadian M, Mahdikhani M (2012). Engineering properties and durability of self-consolidating concretes (SCC) containing volcanic pumice ash. Asian journal of civil engineering. Building and Housing 13: 521-530.
[2] Hauri F (2006) Natural zeolite from southern Germany: applications in concrete. In: Bowman RS, Delap SE, editors. Proceedings of 7th international conference on the occurrence, properties, and utilization of natural zeolites. Socorro, pp 130–131
[3] Ahmadi B (2010) Feasibility study of using natural zeolite as pozzolanic material in concrete. MSc thesis, University of Tehran
[4] Shekarchi M, Nejad JE, Ahmadi B, Rahimi M (2008) Improving concrete properties by using natural zeolite, Part I – Mechanical and durability properties. Iran Concr J 30:34–42.
[5] D. Jana, A new look to an old pozzolan, clinoptilolite – a promising pozzolan in concrete, in: Proceedings of the 29th ICMA conference on cement microscopy, Curran Associates Inc, Quebec City, 2007, pp. 168–206.
[6] Tokushige H, Kamehima H, Kawakami M, BIER T.A (2009) Effect of use of natural zeolite as a mineral admixture and an aggregate on physical properties of cement mortar and porous concrete. In: Proceedings of the 4th international conference on construction materials: performance, innovations and structural implications. Nagoya. pp 1231–1236.
[7] B. Uzal, L. Turanli, P.K. Mehta, High-volume natural pozzolan concrete for structural applications, ACI Mater J 104 (2007) 535–538.
[8] Feng N, Peng G.F (2005) Applications of natural zeolite to construction and building materials in China. Construction and Building Materials 19: 579–584. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2005.01.013
[9] B. Ahmadi, M. Shekarchi, Use of natural zeolite as a supplementary cementitious material, Cement and Concrete Composites 32 (2010) 134–141,
[10] EFNARC. Specifications and guidelines for self-consolidating concrete. Surrey, UK: European Federation of Suppliers of Specialist Construction Chemicals (EFNARC); 2002.
[11] Tange Jepsen M, Munch-Petersen C, Bager D (2001) Durability of resource saving “green” types of concrete, featured at the proceedings FIB-symposium “Concrete and environment”. Berlin; October.
[12] Samimi, Kianoosh, et al. "Influence of pumice and zeolite on compressive strength, transport properties and resistance to chloride penetration of high strength self-compacting concretes." Construction and Building Materials 151 (2017): 292-311.
[13] Baroghel-Bouny V, Belin P, Maultzsch M, Henry D (2007) AgNO3 spray tests: advantages, weaknesses, and various applications to quantify chloride ingress into concrete. Part 2: Non-steady-state migration tests and chloride diffusion coefficients. Materials and structures 40:783–799. doi: 10.1617/s11527-007-9236-y.