Risk Management Strategy for Protecting Cultural Heritage: Case Study of the Institute of Egypt
Egypt has a countless heritage of mansions, castles, cities, towns, villages, industrial and manufacturing sites. This richness of heritage provides endless and matchless prospects for culture. Despite being famous worldwide, Egypt’s heritage still is in constant need of protection. Political conflicts and religious revolutions form a direct threat to buildings in various areas, historic, archaeological sites, and religious monuments. Egypt has witnessed two revolutions in less than 60 years; both had an impact on its architectural heritage. In this paper, the authors aim to review legal and policy framework to protect the cultural heritage and present the risk management strategy for cultural heritage in conflict. Through a review of selected international models of devastated architectural heritage in conflict zones and highlighting some of their changes, we can learn from the experiences of other countries to assist towards the development of a methodology to halt the plundering of architectural heritage. Finally, the paper makes an effort to enhance the formulation of a risk management strategy for protection and conservation of cultural heritage, through which to end the plundering of Egypt’s architectural legacy in the Egyptian community (revolutions, 1952 and 2011); and by presenting to its surrounding community the benefits derived from maintaining it.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1132188Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 672
 Teijgeler , René, “Reservation management for libraries, archives, and museums,” London: Facet Publishing, Chapter 9: Preserving cultural heritage in times of conflict, p. 133-165, 2006
 ICOMOS, “Architectural Heritage Protection Guidelines for Planning Authorities,” Department of Arts, Heritage and the Gaeltacht, published by the Stationery Office, p.13, 2011.
 HHK, “Heritage Hong Kong heritage, conservation position paper", LC Paper No. CB (2)1646/06-07(01), 2007.
 Teijgeler, René, “Heritage and Disaster", Koç University, Istanbul, Turkey, 2007.
 HFPO., "Heritage for Peace organization, (Conflict, Heritage and Risk Management)", Project management essentials issue, 2014. http://www.heritageforpeace.org/heritage-for-peace/risk-management-in-conflict/2015/.
 Erlich, R. “Lessons from Beirut on Bombed-out Art", The Christian Science, 2003.
 Al-Radi, S., “War, and Cultural Heritage: Lessons from Lebanon", Kuwait and Iraq, De Kracht van Cultuur, 2003a.
 ICCROM, “Protecting Cultural Heritage in Times of Conflict", Edited by Simon Lambert and Cynthia Rockwell, ISBN: 978-92-9077-233-0, 2012.
 Al-Tikriti, N., “Iraq Manuscript Collections, Archives, & Libraries Situation Report", 8 June, Oriental Institute, 2003, oi.uchicago.edu/OI/IRAQ/docs/nat.html.
 Al-Radi, S., "The Destruction of the Iraq National Museum", Museum International, Vol. 55, No. (3-4), p.103-7, 2003b.