Economic Optimization of Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger Using Nanofluid
Authors: Hassan Hajabdollahi
Economic optimization of shell and tube heat exchanger (STHE) is presented in this paper. To increase the rate of heat transfer, copper oxide (CuO) nanoparticle is added into the tube side fluid and their optimum results are compared with the case of without additive nanoparticle. Total annual cost (TAC) is selected as fitness function and nine decision variables related to the heat exchanger parameters as well as concentration of nanoparticle are considered. Optimization results reveal the noticeable improvement in the TAC and in the case of heat exchanger working with nanofluid compared with the case of base fluid (8.9%). Comparison of the results between two studied cases also reveal that the lower tube diameter, tube number, and baffle spacing are needed in the case of heat exchanger working with nanofluid compared with the case of base fluid.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1131830Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 587
 H. Hajabdollahi, Z. Hajabdollahi. "Investigating the effect of nanoparticle on thermo-economic optimization of fin and tube heat exchanger." Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering (2016): 0954408916656677.
 H. Hajabdollahi, Z. Hajabdollahi. "Assessment of Nanoparticles in Thermoeconomic Improvement of Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger." Applied Thermal Engineering (2016).
 W. S. Sarsam, S. N Kazi, A. Badarudin. "A review of studies on using nanofluids in flat-plate solar collectors." Solar Energy 122 (2015): 1245-1265.
 Q. He, S. Zeng, S. Wang. "Experimental investigation on the efficiency of flat-plate solar collectors with nanofluids."Applied Thermal Engineering (2014).
 M. H. Aghabozorg, A. Rashidi, S. Mohammadi. "Experimental investigation of heat transfer enhancement of Fe 2 O 3-CNT/water magnetic nanofluids under laminar, transient and turbulent flow inside a horizontal shell and tube heat exchanger." Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 72 (2016): 182-189.
 S. Eiamsa-ard, K. Kiatkittipong, W. Jedsadaratanachai. "Heat transfer enhancement of TiO 2/water nanofluid in a heat exchanger tube equipped with overlapped dual twisted-tapes." Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal (2015).
 A. Ghozatloo, A. Rashidi, M. Shariaty-Niassar. "Convective heat transfer enhancement of graphene nanofluids in shell and tube heat exchanger." Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 53 (2014): 136-141.
 R. S. Khedkar, S. S. Sonawane, K. L. Wasewar. "Heat transfer study on concentric tube heat exchanger using TiO 2–water based nanofluid." International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer 57 (2014): 163-169.
 R. K. Shah, P. Sekulic. Fundamental of heat exchanger design. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.; (2003).
 G. Huminic, A. Huminic. "Application of nanofluids in heat exchangers: a review." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 16.8 (2012): 5625-5638.
 V. Ravikanth, K. Debendra, P. Devdatta. "Development of new correlations for convective heat transfer and friction factor in turbulent regime for nanofluids." International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 53.21 (2010): 4607-4618.
 S. Kakac, H. Liu, A. Pramuanjaroenkij. Heat exchangers: selection, rating, and thermal design. CRC press; (2012) Mar 1.
 Thermophysical Properties of High Temperature Solid Materials, Vol 4., Pt 1, Sect 1, pp. 8 - 47.