**Commenced**in January 2007

**Frequency:**Monthly

**Edition:**International

**Paper Count:**30578

##### Tsunami Inundation Modeling in a Boundary Fitted Curvilinear Grid Model Using the Method of Lines Technique

**Authors:**
Md. Fazlul Karim,
M. Ashaque Meah,
M. Shah Noor,
M Asif Arefin

**Abstract:**

A numerical technique in a boundary-fitted curvilinear grid model is developed to simulate the extent of inland inundation along the coastal belts of Peninsular Malaysia and Southern Thailand due to 2004 Indian ocean tsunami. Tsunami propagation and run-up are also studied in this paper. The vertically integrated shallow water equations are solved by using the method of lines (MOL). For this purpose the boundary-fitted grids are generated along the coastal and island boundaries and the other open boundaries of the model domain. A transformation is used to the governing equations so that the transformed physical domain is converted into a rectangular one. The MOL technique is applied to the transformed shallow water equations and the boundary conditions so that the equations are converted into ordinary differential equations initial value problem. Finally the 4^{th} order Runge-Kutta method is used to solve these ordinary differential equations. The moving boundary technique is applied instead of fixed sea side wall or fixed coastal boundary to ensure the movement of the coastal boundary. The extent of intrusion of water and associated tsunami propagation are simulated for the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami along the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia and southern Thailand. The simulated results are compared with the results obtained from a finite difference model and the data available in the USGS website. All simulations show better approximation than earlier research and also show excellent agreement with the observed data.

**Keywords:**
Indonesian tsunami of 2004,
open boundary condition,
moving boundary condition,
boundary-fitted curvilinear grids,
shallow water equations,
tsunami source,
far field tsunami

**Digital Object Identifier (DOI):**
doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1131247

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