Tactical Urbanism and Sustainability: Tactical Experiences in the Promotion of Active Transportation
The overvaluation of the use of automobile has detrimentally affected the importance of pedestrians within the city and consequently its public spaces. As a way of treating contemporary urban paradigms, Tactical Urbanism aims to recover and activate spaces through fast and easily-applied actions that demonstrate the possibility of large-scale and long-term changes in cities. Tactical interventions have represented an important practice of redefining public spaces and urban mobility. The concept of Active Transportation coheres with the idea of sustainable urban mobility, characterizing the means of transportation through human propulsion, such as walking and cycling. This paper aims to debate the potential of Tactical Urbanism in promoting Active Transportation by revealing opportunities of transformation in the urban space of contemporary cities through initiatives that promote the protection and valorization of the presence of pedestrians and cyclists in cities, and that subvert the importance of motorized vehicles. In this paper, we present the character of these actions in two different ways: when they are used as tests for permanent interventions and when they have pre-defined start and end periods. Using recent initiatives to illustrate, we aim to discuss the role of small-scale actions in promoting and incentivizing a more active, healthy, sustainable and responsive urban way of life, presenting how some of them have developed through public policies. For that, we will present some examples of tactical actions that illustrate the encouragement of Active Transportation and trials to balance the urban opportunities for pedestrians and cyclists. These include temporary closure of streets, the creation of new alternatives and more comfortable areas for walking and cycling, and the subversion of uses in public spaces where the usage of cars are predominant.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1130703Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 780
 D. Harvey. “Cidades Rebeldes: do direito à cidade à revolução urbana.” 2014 ed. Brasil: Martins Fontes selo Martins, 2014.
 I. E. M. Silva. “Utopia e Silêncio: vida pedestre, imagem e emoção em Brasília.” Revista Cronos. 9 (1), pp. 35-64. Jan/Jun, 2008.
 V. Andrade, et al. “Transforming Vestergade Vest into a Ludic and Shared-Use Space.” In: Musings – an urban design anthology. Aalborg: Aalborg University Press, 2012.
 F. Izaga, “BRT no Rio de Janeiro – transformações e mobilidade urbana.” III ENANPARQ - arquitetura, cidade e projeto: uma construção coletiva. São Paulo, 2014.
 UNHabitat. “Planning and design for sustainable urban mobility.” Global Report on human settlements. New York: Routledge, 2013.
 A. Pelegi. “Microrrevoluções urbanas.” Bom conselho. São Paulo: Revista dos Transportes Públicos – ANTP. Ano 38, 2016.
 L. Pfeifer. “The Planner’s Guide to Tactical Urbanism.” Montreal, 2013. Available at: https://reginaurbanecology.files.wordpress.com/2013/10/tuguide1.pdf.
 M. Lydon.; A. Garcia. “Tactical Urbanism: Short-term Action for Long-term Change.” Washington: Island Press, 2015.
 NACTO (National Association of City Transportation Officials). Urban Street Design Guide. New York: Island Press, 2013.
 A. Sansão Fontes. “Intervenções temporárias, marcas permanentes. A amabilidade nos espaços coletivos de nossas cidades.” PhD Thesis. Rio de Janeiro: PROURB- FAU/UFRJ, 2011.
 NYCPLAZA; NYCDOT. “NYC Plaza Program. Application Guidelines 2016.” Available at: http://www.nyc.gov/html/dot/downloads/pdf/nyc-plaza-program-guidelines-2016.pdf.
 NYCDOT. “Measuring the Street: New metrics for 21st century streets.” 2012. Available at: http://www.nyc.gov/html/dot/downloads/pdf/2012-10-measuring-the-street.pdf.
 A. Fernandes Barata.; A. Sansão Fontes. “Urbanismo Tático: experiências temporárias na ativação urbana.” Belo Horizonte: Fórum Habitar, 2016.
 M. Mostafavi.; G. Doherty (orgs). “Urbanismo ecológico.” São Paulo: Editora G. Gili, 2014.
 Better Cities and Towns. Available at: http://bettercities.net/article/tactical-urbanism-seizes-day-14498/ (accessed 10 mar 2017).
 Texas Observer. Available at: https://www.texasobserver.org/building-a-better-block-in-oak-cliff/ (Accessed 10 mar 2017).
 Better Block. Available at :http://betterblock.org/blog/2016/01/13/better-block-foundation-to-help-people-build-more-vibrant- connected-communities-with-775000-from-knight-foundation/(Accessed 15 jul 2016).
 NACTO. Available at: http://nacto.org/publication/urban-street-design-guide/interim-design- strategies/moving-the-curb/ (Accessed 14 jul 2016).
 Companhia de Engenharia de Tráfego. Available at: http://www.cetsp.com.br/noticias/2015/01/28/secretario-jilmar-tatto-vistoria-a-nova-faixa-diagonal-da-avenida-ipiranga-com-avenida-sao-joao.aspx/ (Accessed 10 mar 2017).
 Playing Out. Available at: http://playingout.net/inspirationideas/exhibitionsprojects/playing- exhibition-bristol-central-library/ (Accessed 14 jul 2016).
 Uol. Available at: http://noticias.uol.com.br/album/2015/10/18/sem-carros-avenida-paulista-vira-espaco-de-lazer-aos-domingos.htm. (Accessed 15 jul 2016).
 A. Fernandes Barata.; A. Sansão Fontes. “Urbanismo Tático e sustentabilidade: experiências táticas no fomento ao transporte ativo.” São Leopoldo: Euro ELECS, 2017, p.1871.