Commenced in January 2007
Frequency: Monthly
Edition: International
Paper Count: 30011
Development of Palm Kernel Shell Lightweight Masonry Mortar

Authors: Kazeem K. Adewole

Abstract:

There need to construct building walls with lightweight masonry bricks/blocks and mortar to reduce the weight and cost of cooling/heating of buildings in hot/cold climates is growing partly due to legislations on energy use and global warming. In this paper, the development of Palm Kernel Shell masonry mortar (PKSMM) prepared with Portland cement and crushed PKS fine aggregate (an agricultural waste) is demonstrated. We show that PKSMM can be used as a lightweight mortar for the construction of lightweight masonry walls with good thermal insulation efficiency than the natural river sand commonly used for masonry mortar production.

Keywords: Building walls, fine aggregate, lightweight masonry mortar, palm kernel shell, wall thermal insulation efficacy.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1130537

Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF

References:


[1] K.S. Al-Jabri, A.W. Hago, A.S. Al-Nuaimi, A.H. Al-Saidy. “Concrete blocks for thermal insulation in hot climate”. Materials and Design, vol 33, pages 65–71, 2012
[2] U. J. Alengaram, B. A. Al Muhit, M. Z. Jumaat “Utilization of oil palm kernel shell as lightweight aggregate in concrete – A review”. Construction and Building Materials, vol 38, pages 161–172, 2013.
[3] P. Shafigh, H. Mahmud, M. Z. Jumaat. “Oil palm shell lightweight concrete as a ductile material”, Materials and Design, vol 36, pages 650–654, 2012.
[4] D. C. L. Teo, M. A Mannan, V. J Kurian. “Structural concrete using oil palm shell (OPS) as lightweight aggregate”, Turkish Journal of Engineering and Environ sciences, vol 30, pages 251–7, 2006.
[5] M. A Mannan, C. Ganapathy. “Concrete from an agricultural waste-oil palm shell (OPS). Built Environ, vol 39, pages 441–8, 2004.
[6] D. C Okpala. “Palm kernel shell as a lightweight aggregate in concrete”, Built Environ, vol 25, pages 291–6, 1990.
[7] H. B. Basri, M. A Mannan, M. F. M. Zain. “Concrete using waste oil palm shells as aggregate”. Cem Concr Res, vol 29, pages 619–22, 1999.
[8] D. O. Onwuka, L. Anyaogu, C. Chijioke, W .E. “Igwegbe, Optimization of Compressive Strength of River Sand-Termite Soil Concrete Using Simplex Design”, International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, vol 3, Issue 5, pages 1-8, 2013.
[9] D. K. Dadzie, J. E. Yankah. “Palm Kernel Shells as a partial replacement for Sand in Sandcrate block production”. Chemistry and Materials Research, vol 7 issue.10, pages 61-72, 2015.
[10] A. S. Muntohar, M. E. Rahman. “Lightweight masonry block from oil palm kernel shell”. Construction and Building Materials, vol 54, pages 477–484, 2014.
[11] R. S. Fono-Tamo, O. O. Idowu, F. O. Koya. “Development of Pulverized Palm Kernel Shells Based Particleboard”. International Journal of Material and Mechanical Engineering (IJMME), vol 3 Issue 3, pages 54 - 61, 2014.
[12] H. Mohammed, K. O. Afolabi. L. E Umoru, L. “Crushed Palm Kernel as a partial replacement of fine aggregate in asphalt concrete”. International Journal of Materials, Methods and Technologies, vol. 2, Issue 1, pages 1 – 5, 2014.
[13] EN 1996-1-1 (2005): Eurocode 6 - Design of masonry structures - Part 1-1: General rules for reinforced and unreinforced masonry structures.