High Temperature Oxidation of Cr-Steel Interconnects in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) is a promising solution for the energy resources leakage. Ferritic stainless steel becomes a suitable candidate for the SOFCs interconnects due to the recent advancements. Different steel alloys were designed to satisfy the needed characteristics in SOFCs interconnect as conductivity, thermal expansion and corrosion resistance. Refractory elements were used as alloying elements to satisfy the needed properties. The oxidation behaviour of the developed alloys was studied where the samples were heated for long time period at the maximum operating temperature to simulate the real working conditions. The formed scale and oxidized surface were investigated by SEM. Microstructure examination was carried out for some selected steel grades. The effect of alloying elements on the behaviour of the proposed interconnects material and the performance during the working conditions of the cells are explored and discussed. Refractory metals alloying of chromium steel seems to satisfy the needed characteristics in metallic interconnects.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1130319Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 806
 M.C. Williams, J.P. Strakey, W.A. Surdoval, J. Power Sources 143 (1-2) (2005) 191.
 V. Karakoussis, N.P. Brandon, M. Leach, R. Van der Rost, J. Power Sources 101 (1) (2001) 10.
 L. Antoni, Mater. Sci. Forum 461–464 (2004) 1073–1090.
 I. Kosacki, C.M. Rouleau, P.F. Becher, J. Bentley, D.H. Lowndes, Solid State Ionics 176 (2005) 1319–1326.
 F. Mauvy, J.-M. Bassat, E. Boehm, J.-P. Manaud, P. Dordor, J.-C. Grenier, Solid State Ionics 158 (2003) 17–28.
 J.W. Fergus, Mater. Sci. Eng. A397 (2005) 271–283.
 K. Huang, P.Y. Hou, J.B. Goodenough, Solid State Ionics 129 (2000), 237–250.
 N. Oishi, Y. Yamasaki, Electrochemical Society Proceedings, vol. 19, 1999, 759–766.
 P. Berthod, Oxid. Met. 64 (2005) 235–252.
 H. Asteman, J.-E. Svensson, L.-G. Johansson, M. Norell, Oxid. Met. 52 (1999) 95–111.
 B.B. Ebbinghuaus, Combust. Flame 93 (1993) 119–137.
 T. Brylewski, M. Nanko, T. Maruyama, K. Przybylski, Solid State Ionics 143 (2001) 131–150.
 W.J. Quadakkers, J. Piron-Abellan, V. Shemet, L. Singheiser, Mater. High Temp. 20 (2) (2003) 115–127.
 M. Han, S. Peng, Z. Wang, Z. Yang, X. Chen, J. Power Sources 164 (2007) 278–283.
 G.R. Holcomb, D.E. Alman, Scripta Mater. 54 (2006) 1821–1825.
 Z. Yang, M.S. Walker, P. Singh, J.W. Stevenson, T. Norby, J. Electrochem. Soc. 151 (2004) B669–B678.
 J.E. Hammer, S.J. Laney, R.W. Jackson, K. Coyne, F.S. Pettit, G.H. Meier, Oxid. Met. 67 (2007) 1–38.
 Saeed Ghali, Fathy Baiomy, Mamdouh Eissa, "Investigation the Effect of Nitrogen on Oxidation Behavior of Stainless Steel", 7th European Stainless Steel Conference Science and Market, Como (Italy), 21-23 Sept. 2011.
 S. Ghali, M. Eissa, H. El-Faramawy, “Simulation of austenitic stainless steel oxidation containing nitrogen at temperature range 500 °C – 800 °C”, International Journal of Statistics and Mathematics, Vol. 1(3), pp. 024-032, August, 2014. © www.premierpublishers.org, ISSN: 2374-0499.
 C. Key, J. Eziashi, J. Froitzheim, R. Amendola, R. Smith, and P. Gannon; “Methods to Quantify Reactive Chromium Vaporization from Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Interconnects”, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 161 (9) C373-C381 (2014).
 M.O. Speidel and P.J. Uggowitzer: R.A. Lula (ed.), Proc. Materials Week 92, Chicago, ASM Int., p. 135, (1993).
 A Ahmed, MK El-Fawakhry, M Eissa, T Mattar, “Thermal compatibility of chromium steel as metallic interconnects for solid oxide fuel cells”, Journal of Basic Applied Research International 14 (2), 90-100.
 Ravi Shankara, N.S. Karthiselvab, U. Kamachi Mudali, “Thermal oxidation of titanium to improve corrosion resistance in boiling nitric acid Surface and Coatings Technology, Volume 235, 25 November 2013, Pages 45–53.