The Significant Effect of Wudu’ and Zikr in the Controlling of Emotional Pressure Using Biofeedback Emwave Technique
Wudu’ (Ablution) and Zikr are amongst some of the spiritual tools which may help an individual control his mind, emotion and attitude. These tools are deemed to be able to deliver a positive impact on an individual’s psychophysiology. The main objective of this research is to determine the effects of Wudu’ (Ablution) and Zikr therapy using the biofeedback emWave application and technology. For this research, 13 students were selected as samples from the students’ representative body at the University Tenaga National, Malaysia. The DASS (Depression Anxiety Stress Scale) questionnaire was used to help with the assessment and measurement of each student’s ability in controlling his or her emotions before and after the therapies. The biofeedback emWave technology was utilized to monitor the student’s psychophysiology level. In addition, the data obtained from the Heart rate variability (HRV) test have also been used to affirm that Wudu’ and Zikr had had significant impacts on the student’s success in controlling his or her emotional pressure.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1129800Procedia APA BibTeX Chicago EndNote Harvard JSON MLA RIS XML ISO 690 PDF Downloads 1088
 M. H. Yahaya, .Ensiklopedia Solat, Kuala Lumpur: Penerbit Telaga Biru, pp. 10-12, 2011.
 Amin and al-Fandi, Energy DZikr, Jakarta: Penerbit Amzah, pp. 6-8, 2008.
 A.Y Saleh, BerZikr Untuk Kesihatan Saraf, Jakarta: Penerbit Zaman, pp. 35-40, 2010.
 I. Khan, Dimensi Spiritual Psikologi: Bandung: Pustaka Hidayah, pp. 52-58, 2000.
 J.C. Chang, “Effect of meditation on music performance anxiety”. Doctoral Dissertation. Columbia University Teachers College, New York, USA. Retrieved from ProQuest Database UMI Number 3014754, 2001.
 N. Suvorov, “Psychophysiological Training of Operators in Adaptive Biofeedback Cardiorhythm Control”. The Spanish Journal of Psychology 9 (2): 193-200 Retrieved July 1, 2006.
 A.P Sutarto, “The effect of HRV biofeedback for the improvement of cognitive performance among female manufacturing operators”, Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Pahang, 2011.
 B. M. Appelhans and L. J. Luecken. “Heart rate variability as an index of regulated emotional responding”, Review of General Psychology, VOL.10: p.p. 229-240, 2006
 A.P. Sutarto and A.W. Nubli, “The effect of HRV biofeedback for improving operators’ cognitive performance”, in Proceedings of Fifth International Cyberspace Conference on Ergonomics, 2008.
 P. Vitasari, A.W. Nubli, N.M., T. Herawan, A. Othman and S.K Sinnadurai, “A Pilot Study of Pre-Post Anxiety Treatment to Improve Academis Performance for Engineering Students”. Accepted at WCES 2011, to appear in Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2011.
 P. M. Lehrer, “Biofeedback training to increase heart rate variability”, iIn Lehrer P.M. Woolfolk R.L., & Sime, W.E. Principles and Practice of Stress Management (3rd Ed.). New York: The Guilford Press, 2007.
 R. M. Craty, “The scientific role of the heart in learning and performance”. (Publication No. 02-030, 2003). Boulder Creek, CA: HeartMath Research Center, Institute of HeartMath. Retrieved November 10, 2007.
 B.W Strack, “Effect of Heart Rate Variability (HRV) Biofeedback on Batting Performance in Baseball”, Doctoral Dissertation, Alliant International University, San Diego, 2003. Retrieved from ProQuest Database UMI Number 3083450, 2003.